Sudaneese History

  • (timespan) The Jaballa comes to Southern Sudan

    (timespan) The Jaballa comes to Southern Sudan
  • (timespan) Bahr al-Ghazal slave center

    (timespan) Bahr al-Ghazal slave center
  • Period: to

    Jaballa comes to southern Sudan in increasing numbers

    In the early 19th century, the Jallaba, a group of northern Muslim traders mostly from the Ja'aliyyin and Danagla tribes of the Nile valley, came in increasing numbers ot southern Sudan, northern Bahr al-Ghazal, which became an important
    sorce of slaves Class article
  • Period: to

    A region of Bahr al-Ghazal becomes prominet slave center

    The south-western region of Bahr al-Ghazal was one of the most prominent centers of slave trading on the African continent in the late 19th century Class article
  • (timespan) foreign traders encouraged hostileness

    (timespan) foreign traders encouraged hostileness
  • Period: to

    Foreign traders encouraged hostileness

    From the mid-1800's, foreign traders encouraged hostile tribal groups to raid each other for treasure including ivory and slaves. The Baggara, Muslim cattle herders who regard them-selves as Arabs, penetrated south into Bahr al-Ghazal, the land of the Dinka and other African, non-Arabized tribes Class article
  • Muhammad Ahmad speaks (timespan)

    Muhammad Ahmad speaks (timespan)
  • Period: to

    Muhammad Ahmad speaks

    Muhammad Ahmad was born in 1844. He became a soft spoken mystic who went to Aba island which was 150 miles south of Khartoum (The capital of Sudan) for religous reasons and calling himself the second great prophet in 1881.
    http://www.sudan.net/history.php http://www.sudan.net/history.php
  • Mahdi calls of war

    Mahdi calls of war
    Early in 1884, tribes of the west rallied to the Mahdi's call for a war against the infidels and despots. The Mahdi was master of all Sudan save Khartoum. http://www.sudan.net/history.php
  • Egypt signs a condominium agreement

    Egypt signs a condominium agreement
    On January 19, 1899 Britain and Egypt signed a condominium agreement under which the Sudan is to be ran together. In twelve years, the Sudan's profits tripled, and its budget allowed a balanced state which was maintained until 1960.
  • Period: to

    The British conducts a pacification campaign

    In the first tow decades of the 20th century, the British conducted a pacification campaign in Southern Sudan and the Nuba Mountains. They used military force including the earliest aerial bombing against people who often regarded the British not as their saviors from slavery but as a new wave of invaders
    http://www.sudan.net/history.php Class article Class article
  • Period: to

    The Closed Districts Ordinances places controls access to the South

    In the 1920's a series of laws, the Closed Districts Ordinances placed tight controls on access to the South, the Nuba Mountains, Darfur and Southern Blue Nile, whose peoples - after "pacification" - were now regarded as needed "protection". Class article
  • (timespan) Closed Districts Ordinances

    (timespan) Closed Districts Ordinances
  • General of Sudan is assasinated

    General of Sudan is assasinated
    Mounting Egyptian nationalism in the period after World War I culminated in 1924 in the assassination of Cairo of Sir Lee Stack, the General of Sudan. British reaction resulted in the expulsion of all Egyptian officials from the Sudan.
  • Two parties emerge

    Two parties emerge
    By 1945, two political parties had emerged. The National Unionist Party led by al-Azhari, demanded union of the Sudan and Egypt; it had the support of Sayed Sir Ali al- Mirghani, head of a powerful religious sect. The Umma Party, backed by Sayed Sir Abdur-Rahman al-Mahdi demanded unqualified independence and no links with Egypt
  • Southern policy is abandon

    Southern policy is abandon
    The Southern Policy ended after the Juba Conference , at which Southern chiefs agreed with northern nationalists to pursue a united Sudan. A crash program of integration followed.
  • Sudanization is effectively Northernized

    Sudanization is effectively Northernized
    In the eyes of Southerners, Sudanization was effectively Northernization. Southerners were not represented at the 1953 Cairo Conference on self-rule, on the grounds that they had "no party or organization"
    Class article
    http://www.sudan.net/history.php http://www.sudan.net/history.php
  • condominium arrangement ends

    condominium arrangement ends
    On February 12, 1953, Britain and Egypt signed an agreement agreeing to grant Sudan self government within three years
  • Sudan voted to be a fully independent state

    Sudan voted to be a fully independent state
    On December 19, 1955, everyone in Parliament agreed and voted that Sudan should become its own state.
  • British and Egyptian troops leave Sudan

    British and Egyptian troops leave Sudan
    British and Egyptian troops left the country on January 1, 1956
  • The war is officially ended

    The war is officially ended
    The war ended officially in March 1972, when Colonel Numeiry signed a peace pact with Major-General Lagu (the Leader of the Anya-Nya rebels in the south).