Church v.s state over educationIn the agreement between the holy see of the catholic church
and the soveriegn state of spain and rome (the concordat), the
catholic church had control over education
Spanish military overpowered, overstaffed after warThe spanish military was too powerful and had too manypeople after the the loss of the last remnant of the spanish empire,cuba.
Poverty led to pheasant's bloodshedBecause of poverty, it led to the bloodshed of the working classes/pheasants in 'Tragic Week'when the army fired on protesters
Monarchy Spain politically corrupted, regions wanting independenceSpain was a constituional monarchy along with King Aflonso XIII.Spain was politcally corrupt and bad with the Catalonia and Basque regions wanting independence
Spanish army falls to rebellion=big blow to Spanish prideAttempting to put down a Morrocan rebellion, a spanish army was massacred- dealing a further blow to the spanish pride
General Primo de Rivera protects the monarch,rules till 1930General Primo de Rivera took over Spain in a bloodless coup to
protect the monarchy. He was to rule unitl 1930.
Rivera ends Morrocan war, set public work schemes+industrialiseRivera eneded the Morrocan battle and introduced public
work shemes(e.g. roads and railways). There was three times
the industrial production. He suspended the Cortes Parliament by
trialing with the freedom of speech.
Great depression, unemployment, production and prices downSpain was greatly affected by the Great Depression. Unemployment went up, agriculture prices dropped, industrial production
went down by 50%
Lack of army support result in resignment of Rivera as leaderWith the lack of army support, Rivera resigned as government leader
Elections held- king abdicated, government splits left+rightElections were held and major cities voted for a republic country.
The king abdicated to avoid a civil war.The government was
split into left and right replubicans. One wanted to change
the social classes to help the proletariat, while the other
opposed the church, landowners(rich) and military.
Azana's government reforms social statuses- e.g nationilised land-Catalonia has part self government
-Army officers retire early with half pay
-Church Jesuits expelled, school RE banned, divorce allowed
-Large lands were nationilised
Overthrowing government fails as army is loyal to the governmentGeneral Sanjuro led an amry coup with the prime minister Manuel Azana
to overthrow the government. But they failed with the military
being loyal to the government who won the elections fairly.
Republic offends left+right, wanting to overthrow Azana governmentThe republic offends the right-
The Ceda politcal party was formed to protect the interest of
the Roman catholic church and landlords
The replubic offends the left-
the powerful anarchists and syndicalists(trade union groups) felt
that Azana's government was too moderate.
Both wanted to overthrow capitalism.
Social class reformation angers powers, lead to supporing facists-Military, industrialists, landowners and the catholic church
were angered by the reform
-With help of the facists, they made a spanish facists party
called the Falange under the son of Primo, Jose Antonio de Rivera
Extreme left rioted, government loses support-The extreme left rioted and striked against the government
-25 people killed by government near Cadiz while catching anarchists
-The government lose support from working class and lost total
support from socialists
Azana government collaspes, majority support to CEDA=2 yrs-The Azana government was no more and so were their reforms
-CEDA political part got the majority support, thus a government led by Gil Robles was formed.They held power for what the left called
"two black years"
Gen. Franco put down austrian miner's strike, Spain was chaotic-Austrian coal miners strike were ruthlessly put down by General Franco's army.
-Spain was becoming chaotic.
-The Catalans turned against the government and had their priviliges
Election brings Azana back, RIGHTS form coalition=polarisation-General election to restore order brought Azana back to government
(left wing popular front coalition)
-Right wing formed the national coaltition in reaction= more polarisation
-Socialists withdrew support as a protest to the moderate popular front government
-Public disturbances happened as the country started heading into chaos
RIGHT's polictician murdered, RIGHTs want dictatorship-Leading right wing politician Sotelo was murdered.
-The right wing agrued that were about to seriously become communist
-In favour of a general dictatorship, led by General Mol
Gen. Franco took control of military etc. CIVIL WAR BEGINS-General Franco took control of the military, Spanish Morocco and mainland Spain's government.
-The civil war began