By Sanya
  • William Lyon Mackenzie was born

    William Lyon Mackenzie was born in Dundee, Scotland.
  • Sir Étienne-Paschal Taché is Born

    Sir Étienne-Paschal Taché is born in Montmagney, Quebec
  • The settlers arrived

    The first settlers began arriving in 1811.When they reached York Factory, it was winter. They had to wait until winter was over before they could finish their journey to their new home. While they waited, they build boats they would need to take them inland to their new colony.
  • Lord Selkirk purchased land from HBC

    Lord Selkirk bought enough of Hudson's Bay Company stock to gain control of the company and the HBC company gave Lord Selkirk a land grant for 116,000 acres.
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    The war of 1812

    The war was fought from 1812 to 1815, although a peace treaty was signed in 1814. By the end of the war, 1,600 British and 2,260 American troops had died. Great Britain had been at war with France since 1793, and to impede neutral trade with France imposed a series of restrictions that the U.S. contested as illegal under international law.
  • George-Étienne Cartier was born

    George-Étienne Cartier was born on September 6, 1814 in Saint-Antoine-sur-Richelieu, Quebec.
  • John A MacDonald was born

    John A Macdonald was born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • George Brown was born

    George Brown was born in Alloa, Clackmannanshire, Scotland, on November 29, 1818.
  • HBC absorbs NWC

    Hudson's Bay Company absorbs North West Company
  • Willam Mackenzie becomes first mayor of Toronto

    In 1834, his reform colleagues elected him the first mayor of Toronto, which was the first mayor in the Province of Ontario. He became mayor with a population of approximately 10,000 people.
  • Canada's first railway begins

    Champlain and St. Lawrence Railroad opened. This was Canada's first public railroad. The inaugural train was pulled by the locomotive the "Dorchester". In 1857 the Champlain and St. Lawrence became part of the Montreal and Champlain Railroad which was leased to the Grand Trunk in 1864 and now forms part of the Canadian National system.
  • Rebellions are put down

    Rebellions in Upper and Lower Canada are put down by government troops.
  • Act of Union

    It abolished the legislatures of Lower Canada and Upper Canada and established a new political entity, the Province of Canada to replace them.
  • Britain transfers postal system

    Britain transfers control of colonial postal system to Canada
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    Free trade between Canada and U.S

    From 1854 to 1865, there was free trade between the British North America colonies and the United States under the Reciprocity Treaty. This allowed agricultural products and raw materials to be sold across border without high tariffs being paid. The colonies had stronger trade links with the United States than with each other.
  • The Charlottetown Conference was held

    The Charlottetown Conference was held in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island for representatives from the colonies of British North America to discuss Canadian Confederation. The conference took place between 1–9 September 1864
  • The Quebec Confernce was held

    The Quebec conference began on October 10, 1864 which was the second conference held after Charlottetown conference. The major source of conflict at the conference was between those who favoured a strong central government, such as John A. Macdonald, and those who favoured stronger provincial rights
  • The London Conference was held

    The London Conference was held in the United Kingdom and began on 4 December 1866, and it was the final in a series of conferences or debates that led to Canadian confederation in 1867.Sixteen delegates from the Province of Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick gathered with officials of the British government to draft the British North America Act, 1867.
  • Province and territories joined confederation

    Province and territories joined Confederation, or were created from existing parts of Canada; New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario and Quebec.
  • Freedom at Last!

    New Brunswick and Nova Scotia also became Provinces of Canada. Sir John A. Macdonald was Canada's first Prime Minister and Ottawa offically became the capital.
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    John A MacDonald became prime minister

    John A. Macdonald became the first Prime Minister on July 1st, 1867. Unfortunately, due to the hints of bribary during the building of the railroad that led to the Pacific Scandal, he was forced to resign in 1873.
  • HBC sold Rupert's Land

    In 1869, the Hudson's Bay Company had sold Rupert's Land- almost 8 million square kilometres of territory that included parts of northern Quebec and Northern Ontario, most of the Prairies, and a portion of what is now Nunavut.