Path to Confederation


    In the year 1860, multiple colonies were dealing with issues such as political, economic, and military issues. Fortunately, some leaders in the colonies decided if it was possible to make a confederation to solve these issues.
  • A Land Divided

    The Hudson’s Bay Company was trying to sell its interests in Rupert’s Land and the North-Western Territory because of the large downfall of the fur trade, due to this thousand of First Nations, Métis, and Inuit came to the land calling it home.
  • Charlottetown Conference

    The Charlottetown Conference took place in September 1964. It was organized to speak about the union of New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, and Novascoica. During the conference, they discussed how the Province of Canada refused to pay part of the costs for the Intercolonial Railway due to the railway being in Maritime colonies. They also discussed a unit due to wanting to defend themselves by the American army attacking often.
    Although, sadly, lots of coloured and native people had no rights.
  • The Quebec Conference

    In 1864
    Canada West leader John A. Macdonald requested Governor-General Charles Monck to invite all the provinces to Quebec city for a conference to form 72 resolutions and to mainly discuss the structure of Parliament and the distribution of powers between the federal and provincial governments. Due to this, the Maritime colonies began to fear that the entire country would dominate them after forming a unit to defend themselves against the Americans.
  • The London Conference

    From December 4th, 1866 to March 1867, the provinces of Canada including Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, met in London, England, for the London conference to discuss the details of how the provinces of Canada can unite as one country. During the conference, the queen of England, Victoria, had to sign off our indapence which also started the British North American act and took three months to set up, thereby making Canada the country that it is today.