Official Power and Countervailing Powers

Timeline created by jlevywic
In History
  • Quebec

    The Founding of Quebec by Champlain.
  • Company of One Hundred Associates

    Company of One Hundred Associates
    The founding of the Company of One Hundred Associates by Cardinal Richelieu. This is the first company to hold the fur trade monopoly in New France and ran the colony until 1663.
  • Royal Government

    Royal Government
    The Royal Government was established by the King of France. It included him on top, then the Minister of Marine, then the Intendant, Governor, and Bishop in the Sovereign Council, and the Captain of Militia below the Governor. The Population had no say and democracy as non-existant.
  • First Bishop

    First Bishop
    Mgr. de Laval was proclaimed as the first Bishop of New France by the Pope.
  • Great Peace of Montreal

    Great Peace of Montreal
    The Great Peace of Montreal was signed and agreed upon. It was between the French of New France and 40 different Aboriginal nations. The French Governor at the time was Louis-Hector de Calliere.
  • Conquest

    The British army took over New France and made it into a military rule, ending the Seven Years War in North America, though it continued for three years in Europe. The military was still nice to the French because there was no guarantee that the British would win in Europe.
    The Royal Government was dispersed and the Catholic Church lost it's influence.
  • Royal Proclamation

    Royal Proclamation
    The Royal Proclamation was put into place. It's aim was to "squash like a bug"; assimilate the French. Some of it's changes were:
    Shrinking the territory (limited to St. Lawrence Valley)
    Changing the name of the colony to the "Province of Quebec"
    Criminal and civil laws were changed to the English laws
    The government was changed to a Civilian Government: The King chose a Governor, who chose a Council to help him rule
    The Test act was put into place
    No new Bishop would be chosen
  • Quebec Act

    Quebec Act
    Quebec second constitution
    Expanded the borders of Quebec
    French civil law was put in place
    Test act changed to oat of Allegiance to the King of England
    Church was allowed to collect the tithe again
    A gift to the French, to stop revolts
  • Treaty of Versailles

    Treaty of Versailles
    Britain signed the Treaty of Versailles with America, recognizing it as an independent country and giving it more territory. Quebec lost all it's territory to the south of the Great Lakes.
  • Constitutional Act

    Constitutional Act
    Quebec's third Constitution
    Divided Quebec into Lower and Upper Canada
    Grants a Legislative Assembly to each colony Upper Canada:
    Lake Ontario and Lake Superior
    20,000 loyalists
    British criminal and civil laws
    Townships Lower Canada:
    St. Lawrence Valley, east of Labrador
    160,000 people, 90% Francophone
    French civil laws and English criminal laws
    Seigneurial system Both:
    Representative government
    Religious freedom
  • 92 Resolutions

    92 Resolutions
    The 92 Resolutions were written by the Parti Patriote and sent to London. It demanded more rights for the French and for the population as a whole. It was completely refused.
  • Act of Union

    Act of Union
    The Act of Union is the fourth Constitution of Quebec. It combines Lower and Upper Canada into a single province and establishes a responsible government.
  • British North America Act

    British North America Act
    The British North America Act establishes the Confederation of Canada as it's own country, though Britain still has control of it's external affairs. The King has nearly no power in Canada and doesn't really participate in it's politics. John A. Macdonald is the first Prime Minister of Canada
  • Conscription Crisis

    Conscription Crisis
    During World War I, not enough people were joining the army. Canada was running out of soldiers and as a solution instituted mandatory conscription.
  • Women's voting rights - Canada

    Women's voting rights - Canada
    In 1918, women earn the right to vote in Canada. While they had it before (Constitutional Act), it was revoked later (Act of Union) and re-instated now. Quebec women still didn't have the right to vote on a provincial level.
  • Duplessis

    Maurice Duplessis is elected as the Premier of Quebec for the first time. He is Premier until 1939 and is re-elected again in 1944. He is known as a horrible Premier who supported going back to the "Old Ways" and who moved Quebec backwards, not forwards.
  • Padlock Act

    Padlock Act
    Believing that unions were a communist idea, Duplessis instated the Padlock Act, allowing the government to protect the Province against Communistic Propaganda. This let the government counter the growing union activity.
  • Women's right to vote - Quebec

    Women's right to vote - Quebec
    Women get the right to vote in the provincial election in Quebec. Quebec is the last province to allow it. This is instituted by Godbout, the Governor between Duplessis's two government periods. With the institution of this law, women have the right to vote in the federal and all provincial elections in Canada.
  • Conscription Crisis

    Conscription Crisis
    This is the second conscription crisis in Canada, this time during World War II. Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King promised Canadians he would not impose conscription, but because of the amount of people dying and the amount of people not joining the army he had no choice and was forced to place conscription. Before instituting it, he organizes a referendum, in which most Anglophone Canadians agree and most Francophone Canadians disagree to the conscription.
  • Nationalization of Electricity

    Nationalization of Electricity
    The Quebec government bought out all other electricity companies based in Quebec and integrated them into Hydro Quebec, allowing the government to control all the electricity in the Province.
  • The October Crisis

    The October Crisis
    The FLQ, a rising domestic terrorist group in Quebec who supports the separatist movement, conducts a kidnapping on James Cross, a British diplomat in Quebec. They attempt to use him as leverage to get their comrades out of prison and to grant themselves and their comrades free passage to Cuba. The federal government does not accept the deal and the FLQ kidnaps Pierre Laporte, the Quebec provincial cabinet minister. They attempt to negotiate again and fail, and end up killing Laporte.
  • Quebec Referendum on Sovereignty Association

    Quebec Referendum on Sovereignty Association
    The Quebec government holds it's first referendum on Quebec sovereignty. 59.56% of the people said they didn't want sovereignty, unlike what the PQ (the political party in power at the time) hoped for.
  • Quebec Referendum on Sovereignty

    Quebec Referendum on Sovereignty
    The Quebec government holds it's second referendum on Quebec sovereignty. 50.58% of the people said they didn't want sovereignty, which is much closer than the first time's 59.56%.
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    War of the Conquest

    This is the war between the British and the French that ended with the British taking over control of New France
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    When their 92 Resolutions got denied, the Patriotes decided to rebel. They ended up losing in all locations, being untrained and not having enough weapons, so the leader (Papineau) had to flee to America.