Historia de la Música hasta el clasicismo

By Ande345
  • 1 CE

    Nacimiento de Jesús

  • Period: 1 CE to 100

    Conquista del Imperio Romano

    During this century the Roman Empire completed the domain of southern and western Europe, North Africa, Asia Minor and the Mediterranean Levant. The reforms introduced by Augustus during his principality finally stabilized the Roman world after the political and military turmoil that had characterized much of the previous century, ushering in the period of relative peace known as Pax Romana.
  • 14

    Muere el emperador Cesar Augusto

  • 30

    Muerte de Jesús

  • 325

    La música en la Iglesia Católica primitiva

    Constantine granted freedom of worship to Christians in Rome with the Edict of Milan around 325 AD. C. This new spirit of freedom prompted early Christians to praise God through song. These early Christians, seeking a new identity, did not wish to use the prevailing pagan musical styles of Rome at the time.
  • Period: 476 to 1492

    Edad Media

    Medieval music comprises all the music of Western Europe composed during the Middle Ages, approximately, between the Fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 and the fifteenth century, a century whose music is usually classified as belonging to the Renaissance.
  • 489

    Caída del Imperio Romano de Occidente

    Romulus Augustulus, the last Roman emperor, is overthrown
  • 536

    Silverio es elegido Papa en Roma

  • 539

    Caída de Babilonia ante el Imperio persa

  • 711

    Invasión de la Península Ibérica por los musulmanes

    The Muslims, under the command of Tarik and Muza, cross the Strait of Gibraltar and invade the Iberian Peninsula. End of the Visigoth Kingdom and beginning of Arab rule in the Peninsula
  • 718

    Batalla de Covadonga

    Pelayo, king of Asturias. Battle of Covadonga and beginning of the Reconquest.
  • 732

    Derrota de los árabes en la Batalla de Poitiers

    Carlos Martel defeats the Arabs at the Battle of Poitiers. Maximum Muslim penetration in Europe.
  • 756

    Emirato de Córdoba

    Abderramán I of Córdoba became independent from Baghdad, thus beginning the Emirate of Córdoba.
  • 771

    Carlomagno, rey único de los francos

  • 793

    Primer ataque de los vikingos en Europa

    Vikings attack Lindisfarne Monastery in England.
  • 800

    Carlomagno, Emperador del Sacro Imperio Romano Germánico

    Charlemagne is crowned Holy Roman Emperor in Aachen.
  • 813

    Concilio de Tours

    It is agreed to dictate the homily in the Romance language.
  • 850

    Pneuma

    The first musical notation system called "Pneuma" was established, which was configured from a series of written signs to indicate the rhythm and precise expression to the singers.
  • 987

    Caída del Imperio Carolingio

    Great turning point of the Middle Ages, the fall of the Carolingians (987) coincides with the dawn of the new culture; it is the time when Western "high" music succeeds ancient musical traditions.
  • 1054

    Cisma de Oriente

    Lo que mantuvo la esencia de Roma durante siglos después de su caída fue el cristianismo, representado en la Iglesia, cuyo primado ostentaba el papa en Roma.
  • Period: 1073 to 1085

    Reforma gregoriana

    En plena Edad Media, la Iglesia de Occidente cumplía mil años de existencia y volviendo la vista atrás algunos papas como León IX y Gregorio VII se dieron cuenta que en muchos ámbitos eclesiales se había abandonado el fin sobrenatural de la Iglesia y se habían entregado a los bienes temporales.
  • 1085

    Primeras Universidades

  • 1167

    Nace Gengis Kan, Fundador del Imperio mongol.

  • 1175

    Nace Aimeric de Peguilhan, trovador occitano.

  • 1188

    Cortes de León

    The courts were born in León as an estate assembly that advised the king and approved taxes but without legislative capacity.
  • 1212

    Batalla de las Navas de Tolosa

    The Almohads were defeated by a coalition of the kingdoms of Castile and Navarre, along with Aragonese and papal support at the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa (1212). As of 1212, a third taifa began
  • 1230

    Corona de Castilla

    Formed by diverse territories and the conquered Taifas. In 1230, the definitive union of the kingdoms of León and Castile with Ferdinand III the Saint took place, thus forming the crown of Castile.
  • 1237

    Final de los reinos de Taifas

    The third Taifa kingdoms successively fell into Christian hands with the exception of Granada, which lasted until 1492.
  • 1248

    Reino Nazarí de Granada

    Es el único reino de taifas que permanece, pero con una dependencia absoluta de la Corona de Castilla con la que mantenía un trato de vasallaje y el pago de fuertes parias, además de su ayuda para terminar con la reconquista
  • 1270

    Alfonso X crea las Cantigas de Santa María

  • 1300

    Nace Guillaume de Machault

  • 1400

    Nace Guillaume Dufay

  • 1468

    Nace Juan de Encina

  • 1474

    Guerra Civil

    A civil war ravages Castile in 1474 after the death of Enrique IV facing "Juana" la Beltraneja" and Isabel" la Católica. This war ends with Isabel I of Castile as the winner
  • 1481

    Guerra de Granada

    (1481-1492) It was one of the most important events in the reign of Isabel and Fernando. It is divided into three phases: (1481-1484) Conquest and defense of Alhama, a fortress that was halfway between Granada and Málaga, capture of Málaga (1485-1487) and surrender of Granada (1488-1492)
  • 1492

    Expulsión de los Judíos de "España"

  • 1492

    Primer viaje de Colón

  • Period: 1492 to

    Renacimiento

  • 1494

    Tratado de Tordesillas

  • 1520

    Revuelta de las Comunidades de Castilla

    (1520-1522) This revolt was carried out by the minor nobility, the middle layers and the popular urban sectors, led by Juan Bravo, Juan de Padilla and Francisco Maldonado, who demanded the reduction of taxes, the end of the Castilian currency. towards other territories of the Empire, the protection of the Castilian textile industry, the exclusion of foreigners from political positions, and a less authoritarian monarchy. The comuneros will be defeated in Villalar.
  • 1527

    Batalla de Lepanto

    Naval battle in which the so-called "Holy League" formed by Philip II, Pope Pius V and Venice, face a large fleet of the Ottoman Turks. The fleet commanded by Juan de Austria defeated the Turkish in the Gulf of Lepanto (Greece) in 1551, although it did not solve the problem definitively, this victory stopped the Turkish advance through the western Mediterranean Miguel de Cervantes participated in this battle and lost a arm.
  • 1532

    Nace Orlando di Lasso

  • 1547

    Concilio de Trento

    Nineteenth Council of the Catholic Church which, in response to the Protestant Reformation, initiated a general reorientation of the Church and precisely defined its essential dogmas. The models of faith and the practices of the Church were fixed.
  • 1548

    Nace Tomás Luis de Victoria

  • Nace Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina

  • Period: to

    Barroco

  • Expulsión de moriscos

    This expulsion took place during the reign of Felipe III, who sought to appease the population, suspicious of the Moors, who were considered false converts and accused of continuing to practice the Muslim religion and maintain their customs. In addition, it was argued that they constituted a dangerous enemy that could support Barbary piracy.
  • Guerra de los 30 años

    Warlike confrontation that lasts from 1618 to 1648. The setting is central Europe, especially Germany. It begins with a confrontation between the Catholic emperor and the Protestants, and ends as a confrontation for European hegemony between the Habsburgs and France. It closes with the Peace of Westphalia
  • Rendición de Breda

    Breda's surrender took place after its siege in 1625, during the course of the Thirty Years' War. It was besieged and finally conquered by the Spanish armies under the command of Ambrosio Spínola. The surrender of Breda was one of the most famous victories of Spinola and Spain, Velázquez painted an emblematic picture about it
  • Rebelión e independencia de Portugal

    Rebellion and independence from Portugal
    The independence of Portugal against the Hispanic Monarchy that was produced by the uprising of nobles and that proclaimed King of Portugal John IV of the House of Braganza, a new reigning dynasty in the kingdom of Portugal to the detriment of the House of Austria. The Iberian union had been maintained for 60 years, since 1580.
  • Paz de Westfalia

    Peace that is signed in 1648 after the defeat of the Spanish Tercios in Roicroi. In it, freedom and religious equality are recognized, the European map is recomposed, with the independence of Holland, the loss of Spanish hemony in favor of France, and the end of the Austrian empire.
  • Nace ​A.Vivaldi

  • Nace G.F. Haendel

  • Nace J.S.Bach

  • Guerra de Sucesión

    International conflict that lasted from 1701 until the signing of the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713. This conflict began after the death without issue of Carlos II of Spain, the last representative of the House of Habsburg, and which left as a main consequence the establishment of the House of Bourbon on the throne of Spain
  • Empieza el Clasicismo