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Module 2 Timeline

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    Glorious Revolution

    Overthrown King James II -> William III
  • Great Britain and The Bill of Rights

    Great Britain and The Bill of Rights
    • Main purpose: restore and strengthen the parliament.
    • The bill outlined specific constitutional and civil rights and ultimately gave Parliament power over the monarchy.
    • Legacy: *Preamble of the United States Declaration of Independence *Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen *Universal Declaration of Human Rights
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    Bourbon Reforms

    Imperial reconquest
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    The Seventeen Years War

    • Mercantilism – Encouraging local production (tariffs , monopolies)
    • Balance of trade within the same government.
    • COLONIES (LAND- TERRITORY) : *Produce raw materials *Buy finished goods
    • France (Native Allies) vs GB fighting for colonial supremacy
    • Great awakening
  • Proclamation Line

    Proclamation Line
    Attempts to limit western expansion.
  • The Sugar Act

    Reduce smuggling (sugar and rum)
  • The Stamp Act

    New imposed tax: imposed a tax on all paper documents in the colonies
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    The Stamp Act Congress

    Coordinated boycott of British goods
    - Civil disobedience
    - The Sons of Liberty (merchants) (Samuel Adams and John Hancock)
  • The Townshed Acts

    Increasing taxes on paint, paper, glass, lead and tea.
  • Boston Massacre

    Street brawl that ended with 5 persons killed and 6 wounded.
  • The Boston Tea Party

    The Boston Tea Party
    Coordinated Boycott – NON IMPORTATION
    The Daughters of Liberty:
    * Textile shortage -> spinning bees
    * Hold the boycott – women’s role on purchasing consumer goods (tea)
  • Tea Act

    • Removed other taxes except tea tax
    • Colonists consumed 1.2 million pounds of tea/year
    • Smuggling tea from the Dutch – Liberty Tea (Daughters of Liberty)
  • The Intolerable Acts

    • The Quebec Act
    • Boston Port Act
    • Massachusets Government Act
    • Administration and Justice Act
    • Quartering Act
  • First Continental Congress

    First Continental Congress
    • 12/13 Colonies (except Georgia) gathering at Philadelphia.
    • Coordinated resistance to Intolerable Acts
    • Promoted equality of participants (delegates) and free debate.
    • Articles of association – Continue without import British goods.
    • Loyalty to the King of GB but disagreement with the Parliament.
  • Common Sense

    Common Sense
    • Pamphlet written by Thomas Paine
    • Main Ideas : *Government served the people *Against Monarchy *America “home of the free” *Opportunity to crear a new nation based on self-rule
  • The declaration of Independence USA

    The declaration of Independence USA
    Thomas Jefferson is the main author
  • Articles of the Confederation USA

    • Central government
    • Weak and ineffective
  • The Treaty of Paris

    The Treaty of Paris
    • France granted diplomatic recognition to the US
    • France supported the colonies and Washington’s army
    • Recognized the Independence of American Colonies
    • Granted the Americans control of the western territory from the Appalachians to the Mississippi River.
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    American Constitution

    • Federal system: national and state governments share power
    • Power división: executive, legislative, and judicial (Montesquieu)
    • Presidential democracy
  • The American Bill of Rights

    • Guaranteed freedom of religión, speech, press, petition, and assembly.
    • Rights derived from the natural-rights (Locke)
  • Estates-General

    Louis XVI convened the Estates-General, which had not met since 1614
  • National Assembly

    The Third Estate declared that it was the National Assembly and would draft a constitution.
  • The Tennis Court Oath

    Voting system on the Estates-General. The Third Estate demanded 1 vote per deputy and not per estate (more equal and fair).
  • The Storming of the Bastille

    The Storming of the Bastille
  • The Declaration of the rights of man and of the citizen

    Inspired by the English Bill of Rights of 1689 and the American Declaration of Independence and Constitution.
  • Legislative Assembly

    - Political groups were well defined.
    - Pillnitz Declaration
  • National Convention

    New elections held: republicans won.
    Law of Maximums.
  • New Constitution

    Created a Security Public Committee.
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    Reign of Terror

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    First Conspiracies of the Mexican Independence

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    The Beginning of Miguel Hidalgo - Mexican Independence

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    Military Organization of the Mexican Independence

  • Grito de Dolores

    Grito de Dolores
  • Take over of the Alhóndiga de Granaditas

  • Insurgent captured and executed

  • Chilapancingo Congress

  • "Los Sentimientos de la Nación"

    "Los Sentimientos de la Nación"
  • Apatzingán Constitution

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    Dispersion of the Mexican Independence

    Guerra de Guerrillas
  • Arrival of Francisco Javier Mina

    Arrival of Francisco Javier Mina
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    Consummation of the Mexican Independence

  • Plan de Iguala

  • Abrazo de Acatempan

    Abrazo de Acatempan
  • Cordoba Treaties

    Cordoba Treaties
  • Plan de Casa Mata

    Antonio López de Santa Ana
  • Dissolution of the Congress dominated by republicans

  • Mexico 1822

    Mexico 1822
  • Plan de Casa Mata

    Antonio Lopez de Santa Ana
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    Mexican Empire : Iturbide I

  • Acto de la Unión

    Chiapas, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua y Costa Rica
  • Monroe Doctrine

    Monroe Doctrine
    Three main points:
    –No future European colonization in the New World. (Response to the Congress of Vienna, 1815)
    –USA will be absent of the European political issues
    –No European intervention in the governments of the American hemisphere.
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    Triunvirato Government

    • Risk of territorial fragmentation
    • Federalism
    • Fray Servando Teresa de Mier
  • The Federal Republic Constitution

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    Guadalupe Victoria (Liberal)

    • Desorganized economy, states not paying taxes
    • Church, nobility monopoly
    • Recognition from USA and Great Britain
    • Re conquest attempt from Spain
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    Anastacio Bustamante (Cons)

    • Alamán Regime
    • Re organization of mexican economy: Bank, textiles industry, inmigration policy against USA expansionism (north), internal colonization.
    • Liberals against Bustamante - Manuel Gómez Pedraza (St. Ana)
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    Santa Ana y Valentín Farías (Vice)

    Reforms of 1833
    Santa Anna –
    Centralist Republic
    (Suppression of the
    Constitution 1835-
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    Guerra de Texas

    • Spanish abandonment (New
    • American colonization during the
    New Spain and American
    • Cultural differences from MX:
    Language, religion, slavery.
    • Abolition of slavery in Mexico,
    • Federalism suppression
    • 1835 – Texas declares it’s
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    Rebellions in Mexico

    • Celaya, Tampico, Monterrey
    • Yucatán
  • Tratados de Velasco

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    Guerra de los Pasteles

  • Peace Treaty commerce

  • Constitution 1843

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    US-Mexican War

  • Tratado de Guadalupe Hidalgo

    Recognition of the Río Bravo as the northern/southern border USA-Mexico
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    Venta de la Mesilla (Tucson)

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    Plan de Ayutla and Santa Ana's Fall

  • Ley Juárez

    • Justice
    • All are equal
    before the law
    • Eliminate
  • Ley Lerdo

    • Economical
    • Church
    properties to
  • Ley Iglesias

    • Church Tax
    • Non compulsory
  • Constitution

  • Félix Zuloaga recognized as president

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    Guerra de Reforma

    -Plan de Tacubaya
    -Maintained Comonfort (moderate liberal)
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    Guerra de Reforma

    -Plan de Tacubaya
    - Abolish 1857 Constitution
    - Félix Zuloaga, Palacio Arzobispal de Tacubaya (Mexico City)
    - Maintained Comonfort (moderate liberal) as president and powers to abolish the constitution and call a new Constituent Assembly.
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    Leyes de Reforma

    Busca la separación definitiva del Estado
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    Leyes de Reforma

    • Ley de Nacionalización de los Bienes Eclesiásticos
    • Ley del Matrimonio Civil
    • Ley Orgánica del Registro Civil
    • Ley de Exclaustración de Monjas y Frailes
    • Ley Sobre la Libertad de Cultos
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    American Civil War