Haiti & Sto Domingo1793 - 1802: Francois Dominique Toussaint - Louverture.
1803: Jean Jacques Dessalines definitely defeated the French troops.
1804: Declared the independence of Haiti.
1822: Haiti submits the eastern part (Dominican Republic)
1865: Dominican Republic achieves its independence.
Napoleon in Spain1799: Napoleon imprisoned forced to abdicate in his favor Carlos IV and his son Fernando VII May 5, 1808: José Bonaparte King of Spain called "PepeBotellas"
Brazil1807: Napoleon invaded Portugal, Juan VI took refuge in Brazil
1815: Juan VI promoted a legal reform - Brazil: the territorial base of the "Empire of Brazil, Portugal and the Algarve".
1821: Juan VI returned to Portugal, leaving his son Pedro de Braganza as governor of Brazil.
1822: He proclaimed himself emperor of Brazil.
1831: He abdicated and was succeeded by his son, Pedro II.
1889: Portugal recognized its independence.
Ecuador1809: Quito First Call for Independence
1810: Quito's massacre
1820: Independence of Guayaquil Oct 9th
1822: Patriot Army led by Antonio José de Sucre, Pichincha's Triumph
American Sovereign JuntasQuito 1st in the history of Spanish America to proclaim the independence.
Mexico1810: Wave of hunger - Miguel Hidalgo in the town of Dolores.
1811 - 1815: First Constitution of Mexico - José María Morelos. 1812: Plan of Iguala: Agustin Iturbide proclaims himself emperor.
1833: Lopez de Santa Anna was proclaimed president of the Republic.
1839: Spain recognizes independence.
Argentina1810: Buenos Aires 3 failed attempts
1816: San Martín, United Provinces of South America
1820: ARGENTINA Final victory Febrary 1st, 1820 Battle of Cepeda
Chile1810: First Junta September 18th
1814: Chile O' Higgins & San Martín Army of the Andes
Royalist victory in RancaguaO' Higgins ran away to Mendoza Argentina
1817: O' Higgins & San Martín crossed the Andes mountains Battle of Chacabuco
1818: Royalist victory Cancha Rayada, Battle of Maipú
From Juntas to WarsJuntas were called interim depositaries of the sovereignty until the legitimate king returned.
Military reactions of the colonial authorities was immediate.
Spaniards' reactions led to the polarization and the creole elites multiplied.
The Creole reaction was increasingly strong and organized.
Sovereign Junta In QuitoSpanish authorities repressed the first of the cities to form a Sovereign Junta in Quito
August 2, 1810: Quito's massacre
Paraguay1811: Asunción Spontaneous Revolution Set Paraguay Free , Montevideo besiege
New Granada & Venezuela1817: Bolívar, Piar, Páez and others reactivated the war.
1818: Bolivar faced and defeated Morillo in Calabozo.
1819: Acrossed the Andes, in Pantano de Vargas battle, the independence of new Granada was sealed .
1821: A Venezuelan's victory in the battle of Carabobo gave Venezuela its independence.
Peru1820: San Martín leaves Chile.
July 5th,1821: San Martín arrives Lima.
July 28th, 1821: San Martín Declares the Independence.
1824: Battle of Junin, Battle of Ayacucho Final victory
December 9th, 1824
Central America1821: Guatemala's provinces
United Provinces of the Center of America.
Capital: City of Guatemala.
1824: Central American Federal Republic.
1838: José Francisco Morazán - separation.
1838 - 1840: Civil War
1841: England invaded Belize.
1904: Panama part of the Viceroyalty of New Granada.
José de San MartínProtector of Peru
San Martin gave Bolivar the initiative of the war
Quit from the government of Peru & went back to Argentina
Complete freedom of America Royalist in Perú
Simón BolivarLiberator, President of Gran Colombia
Take command of an expedition to Peru
Battle of Junin & Battle of Ayacucho
Independence War End1824: Bolívar & Sucre Victory in Peru
1825: Sucre Upper Peru - Bolivia
Uruguay1825: Uruguay entered in a war with Brazil
Uruguay Final victory 1828
Cuba1848: Scream of Yara.
First War of Independence called Ten Years War or Big War.
Jose Martí organizes the Cuban Revolutionary Party.
1898: The US declares war on Spain.
1899: Cuba proclaimed its independence.
Puerto Rico1868: The Scream of Lares.
The rebellion is crushed in a short time.
Puerto Rico continues within the Spanish system until the war between EE. UU and Spain.
Puerto Rico is still administered by EE. UU and is currently an associated free state of that country .
Consequently, it is not an independent country.