History

Timeline created by L4U
In History
  • Period:
    1450
    to

    European Exploration

    Europeans began crossing the Atlantic ocean in the search of the northwest passage. they instead wound up discovering north america. many of the lands they discovered were claimed for there mother country. Spain, England, France, and Netherlands were some of the countries involved in exploring new worlds.
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    New France

    The French, represented by Samuel De Champlain, established the colony of new France along the eastern coast of Quebec and part of the Maritimes.
  • Period: to

    New France

    the reason for establishing colonies was due to mercantilism. many governments thought that increasing the amount of trade would lead to an increase in wealth. this also lead to many disputes between them.
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    Next step: New France.

    In 1663, new France became a Royal colony under king Louis XIV (14) of France. king Louis granted land along the st. Lawrence river to seigneurs then divided the land and lent them out to Habitants to farm.
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    Roman Catholic Church

    The Roman Catholic church played an important role in the development of new France. They set up schools, hospitals, provided religious teachings, and influenced many major decisions.
  • Hudson's Bay Company

    The English were also interested in obtaining wealth through the fur trade. in 1670, king Charles ll of England granted a charter to the Hudson's bay company. this character gave HBC a monopoly for all trading on lands that drained into the Hudson's bay.
  • Treaty Of Utrecht

    The Treaty Of Utrecht, Britain and France peace agreement to end a war. In Utrecht in the Netherlands. 11 April 1713. They wanted to end the war of the Spanish Succession between Britain and France. The treaty recognized Queen Anne as the legitimate sovereign of England and officially ended french support for the claims of the Jacobite party to the British thrown.
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    Seven Years War

    The last major conflict before the French Revolution to involve all the great powers of Europe. France, Austria, Saxony, Sweden, and Russia were aligned on one side against Prussia, Hanover, and Great Britain on the other. The seven years war begins when England declares war on France. France lost all claims to Canada and gave Louisiana to Spain, while Britain received Spanish Florida, Upper Canada, and various French holdings overseas. The war took place in Europe, India, and america.
  • Battle Of The Plains Of Abraham

    Battle of Quebec, also called Battle of the Plains of Abraham in the French and Indian War, decisive defeat of the French under the marquis de Montcalm by a British force led by Maj. Gen. James Wolfe. Both commanding officers died from wounds sustained during the battle, and within a year French Canada had capitulated to British forces. With the end of hostilities in 1763, France surrendered virtually all of its colonial possessions in North America.
  • British Royal Proclamation

    The British Royal Proclamation dealt with the management of former French territories in North America that Britain acquired following its victory over France in the French and Indian War, as well as regulating colonial settlers' expansion.
  • Quebec Act

    Quebec Act, 1774, passed by the British Parliament to institute a permanent administration in Canada replacing the temporary government created at the time of the Proclamation of 1763. It gave the French Canadians complete religious freedom and restored the French form of civil law.The act repealed the loyalty oath and reinstated French civil law in combination with British criminal law.
  • The War Of 1812

    conflict fought between the United States and Great Britain over British violations of U.S. maritime rights. It ended with the exchange of ratification of the Treaty of Ghent.
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    Rebellions of 1837-1838

    In 1837 and 1838, insurgents in Upper and Lower Canada led rebellions against the Crown and the political status quo It led to the Act of Union, which merged the two colonies into the Province of Canada. It also resulted in the introduction of responsible government.
  • Formation Of Responsible Government

    Responsible government was created in several colonies of British North America between 1848 and 1850, with the executive council creating policy with the assistance of the legislative branch, the legislature voting approval or disapproval, and the appointed governor enacting those policies