Felipe IV was born on April 8, 1605 in the Royal Palace of Valladolid. His parents were Felipe III and Margarita de Austria (Felipe III's cousin).
He marries Isabel de Borbón (daughter of Enrique IV of France). It was not out of love but because those of the monarchy were going to benefit from this marriage. Their marriage ends because of her death in 1644.
Thirty Years War
On November 2, 1618, the Thirty Years' War began in Austria because the Bohemians were divided between Protestants and Catholics. Thanks to this war, several of the states achieved religious freedom. It started because they were talking about reform and counter-reform. It was not only a religious war, but it was also for political and economic causes. Political because there were people who believed in the royal dynasty. There were economic problems because of trade.
King of Spain
After the death of his father, Felipe IV became the new king of Spain. At the beginning of his reign there were already problems, but it did not intensify until under his reign. Felipe III had left the government of the nation in the hands of ¨validos¨ (the king's favorites). The monarchs dedicated themselves to "hunting, art collecting and great ceremonies" (p. 76). Consequently, Felipe III allowed this practice to demoralize national political life.
Daughter: Margarita de Austria
daughter: Margarita María Catalina de Austria
Daughter: María Eugenia de Austria
Son: Fernando Francisco Isidro de Austria
From his relationships with María de Chirel. He died in infancy, and was posthumously legitimized by the king, being buried in El Escorial.
Son: Juan José de Austria
With the actress María Inés Calderón, he was the only son legitimized by his father while he was alive. He presided over the government between 1677 and 1679.
Daughter: Isabel María Teresa de Austria
Son: Baltasar Carlos de Austria
He was Prince of Asturias, Prince of Gerona, Duke of Montblanch, Count of Cervera, Lord of Balaguer, Prince of Viana, and universal heir to all the kingdoms, states and lordships of the Hispanic Monarchy until his death.
Son: Alonso Henríquez de Santo Tomás
been with Constanza de Ribera and Orozco, maid of honor of Queen Isabel de Borbón. Recognized by his mother's husband, he rejects the late recognition offered by the king and enters into religion, later being Bishop of Malaga.
Son: Francisco Fernando de Austria
These were rebellions against authority using force or weapons. The worst occurred in Portugal, Sicily, Naples, Andalusia and Catalonia.
Son: Alonso Antonio de San Martín
been with Mariana Pérez de Cuevas. In religion since 1650, he became bishop of Oviedo and Cuenca.
Daughter: María Ana Antonia de Austria
Son: Fernando Valdés
been with Ana María de Uribeondo. He was governor of Novara from 1661.
Daughter: María Teresa de Austria
Infanta of Spain and Portugal and, upon marrying Louis XIV, queen consort of France from 1660 until his death.
Son: Carlos Fernando de Austria
been with the Biscayan Casilda Manrique de Luyando y Mendoza, elder guard of the ladies of the Archduchess (later queen consort) Mariana of Austria. After being widowed, he was ordained a priest, becoming canon (1691 - 1696) of the Guadix Cathedral by appointment of his half-brother King Carlos II, where he moved with his daughter Mariana. With offspring to this day.
Son: Juan Cossío
been with Teresa (or Tomasa) Aldana. He was an Augustinian monk and preacher from 1655.
Daughter: Ana Margarita de Austria
had with Margarita del Escala. A nun since 1656, she became prioress of the Real Monasterio de la Encarnación in Madrid.
The battle of Rocroi
On May 19, 1643, the Battle of Rocroi began. It was a battle between France and Spain where France was victorious.
This battle is important because it marked the beginning of the decline of Spanish military power. Although the system was already in trouble, this made the situation worse.
His first wife dies
His wife died and four years later he got married again.
He marries Mariana from Austria. Those who had twelve children, but only three survived, one being the future king of Spain, Carlos II.
Treaty of Westphalia
Felipe IV recognizes the independence of the United Provinces with the Treaty of Westafalia.
Daughter: Margarita Teresa de Austria
Margarita Teresa of Austria and Habsburg was an Infanta of Spanish and German descent, and Empress of the Holy Roman Empire for being the wife of her uncle, and at the same time cousin, Emperor Leopold I.
Daughter: María Ambrosia de la Concepción
Son: Felipe Próspero de Austria
Felipe Prospero of Austria, prince of Asturias, was the third child and first male of the marriage formed by Felipe IV of Spain and Mariana of Austria. Apart from Margarita Teresa and Carlos, he was the first of the children who surpassed the two years of life of that marriage
Peace of the Pyrenees
Ten years after the king declared Holland independence, Spain signed a peace treaty where it lost its sovereignty in the Catalan territories of Roussillon and Cerdanya. (They became provinces of France). This is how the 30 Years' War ended.
Son: Fernando Tomás Carlos de Austria
Son: Carlos II
he was king of Spain between 1665 and 1700.
Son and heir of Felipe IV and Mariana of Austria, he remained under the regency of his mother until he reached the age of majority in 1675.
Battle of Montijo
On May 26, 1644, the Battle of Montijo began. During this time the Portuguese independentistas and the French as well as those of England, fought against Spain after seeing it weak. In the end, they defeated Spain. Consequently, the European countries named Portugal as an independent country.
At the beginning of September 1665, Felipe IV began to feel bad and it is believed that he fell ill with dysentery (inflammatory bowel disorder) and died on the 17th of that month. As he requested in his will, the king was buried in the Royal Crypt of the El Escorial Monastery.