This is the date of the original Confederation, when Canada East, Canada West, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia joined to start out the federal Dominion of Canada.
Colonies Joining Confederation
These are the dates that all the colonies joined confederation.
Manitoba, Northwest Territories
This is the date that Manitoba joined confederation. Also, Northwest Territories was created out of a big section of Rupert's Land in the north-western part of BNA (hence the name, Nothwest Territories).
This is the date that British Columbia joined the nation of Canada.
Prince Edward Island
This is the date that Prince Edward Island joined Confederation. This will be Canada's smallest province.
This is when a territory made up of the most north western part of Canada, known as Yukon, was created and added to the nation of Canada.
Alberta and Saskatchewan
On this date, two provinces, made up of western land on the prairies along the border, called Alberta and Saskatchewan, joined the new country.
This is the date that Newfoundland finally joined Canada. The province was soon renamed Newfoundland and Labrador.
This is the most recent addition to Canada, having being added only 12 years back. Nunavut reaches the most northernly part of Canada.