1200px carlos ii de españa, por juan carreño de miranda (museo del prado)

Carlos II

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    The war of the restoration portuguese

    The War of the Restoration was a series of armed confrontations between the kingdom of Portugal and the Hispanic Monarchy. This contest began with the uprising in favor of the Restoration of Independence on 1640 and ended with the Treaty of Lisbon of 1668, signed by Alfonso VI of Portugal and Carlos II of Spain, in which total independence was recognized. From Portugal. The uprising of 1640 and the lengthy war that it unleashed ended a 60 period of rule by the House of Austria in Portugal.
  • Birth

    Carlos II, also called the Bewitched, was born on November 6, 1661. He was the son of Felipe IV and Mariana de Austria. On the death of his father he inherited all the possessions of the Spanish Habsburgs, including Sicily. He was King of Spain from 1665 to 1700.
  • Juan Everardo Nithard

    Juan Everardo Nithard
    Nithard was appointed inquisitor general. As a result of this, he becomes part of the board of the regency, being one of the members with more power.
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    Fernando de Valenzuela was arrested in Cavite, Philippines.

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    war of devolution

    The War of Devolution (1667–1668) was a warlike conflict between Spain and France. It began with the invasion of Louis XIV of France to the Spanish Netherlands, under the pretext that the dowry of his wife Maria Teresa had not been paid. In reality, he was following Richelieu's policy of moving the border away from Paris at the expense of the Spanish Netherlands. Spain recovered the Franche-Comté and ceded Lille, Tournai, Charleroi and other Flemish squares, France was the great beneficiary.
  • The Triple Alliance

    The Triple Alliance of 1668 was a coalition formed by England, Sweden and the United Provinces to stop the French expansion under the reign of Louis XIV that was taking place in the War of Devolution. The alliance never came to fight France with arms, since its formation was a sufficient threat for Louis XIV to stop his attack and sign the Treaty of Aachen.
  • Treaty of Aachen

    Treaty of Aachen
    The Treaty of Aachen or Peace of Aachen (also known as the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle) was signed on May 2, 1668 between Spain and France and with it ended the war of Devolution between the two countries.
  • The revolution of 1668

    The revolution of 1668
    The Revolution of 1688 was the overthrow of James II in 1688 through a conspiracy hatched between some English parliamentarians and the Dutch Stadholder William of Orange. The Revolution is strongly associated with the events of the Nine Years' War in Continental Europe, and can be seen as the last successful invasion of England.
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    The Franco-Dutch War

    The Franco-Dutch War, the Franco-Dutch War or the War in Holland or War in the Netherlands (1672-1678), was a warlike conflict that took place between France, Münster, Cologne and England against the United Provinces, at the later joined by Spain, the Holy Roman Empire and the Elector of Brandenburg to form the Quadruple Alliance. The war ended with the Treaties of Nijmegen by which France obtained the Franche-Comté of Spain and became the first military, maritime and commercial power in Europe.
  • Charles II reaches the age of majority

    Charles II reaches the age of majority
    When he was 14 years old, he ascends to the throne.
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    bubonic plague epidemic in cartagena

  • Treaty of Nimega

    Treaty of Nimega
    The invasion of Holland by Luis XIV had caused the formation of a great coalition headed by Guillermo III of Orange. Louis XIV returned Courtrai, Oudenaarde, Ghent, Charleroi and Limburg to Spain; Spain ceded to France the Franche-Comté and various places in the Spanish Netherlands; Holland regained Maastricht and obtained financial and commercial advantages; the Empire ceded Breisach and Freiburg in exchange for Philipsburg.
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    Mª Luisa de Orleans

    María Luisa de Orleans was the queen consort of Spain from 1679 to 1689 as the wife of King Carlos II; they were married in Burgos, Spain.
  • Board of Trade, Currency and Mines

    Board of Trade, Currency and Mines
    Carlos II determined to put such an important issue in the hands of a Board that he ordered to be formed for this purpose and that should be made up of four ministers from among the councilors of Castile, Indies, Finance and War; collected by Royal Decree of January 19, 1679. Said composition or genesis is found in the Royal Decree of March 15, 1683, by means of which Carlos II establishes the "Jurisdiction of the Royal Board of Commerce with inhibition of the other Courts ".
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    Monetary reform by Medinaeli (1680) and the Count of Oropesa (1686)

    Between 1680 and 1686 the government of Charles II carried out a monetary reform that solved the monetary instability -caused by the fiscal needs of the crown-suffered by the Castilian reign throughout the 17th century. The aim of this reform was to obtain a currency properly valued, specially the copper coin.
    Against what it might be initially though, the six monetary rules adopted to reach this adjustment were coherent along with the monetary theory at that time.
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    I became the main valid of Carlos II. He initiated an economic policy of a clear reformist character, developed through the Board of Commerce and Currency. The devaluation of the currency that he launched led to the collapse of prices and the hoarding of grains, which indirectly caused several bankruptcies. In 1485 he abdicated and moved to Guadalajara, where he died in 1691.
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    Rally War

    The Reunions War (1683-1684) was a short-lived conflict that pitted France against Spain and her allies. The conflict was motivated by the desire of Louis XIV of France to increase his territories to the east, especially at the expense of the Spanish Netherlands.
  • The truce of Regensburg

    The truce of Regensburg
    The truce of Regensburg, or Regensburg truce, was a treaty signed between France, Spain and the Holy Roman Empire on August 15, 1684 in the city of Regensburg (Regensburg, in present-day Germany) ending the War of the Meetings. A definitive peace is not agreed, but a twenty-year truce. The truce would last until 1688, at the beginning of the Augsburg League war. War between France and a coalition of countries, known as the League of Augsburg, opposed to the warmongering policies of Louis XIV.
  • Count of Oropesa replaces Medinaceli as valid

    Count of Oropesa replaces Medinaceli as valid
  • Newton discovers gravity

    Newton discovers gravity
    According to Newton, gravity would be an instantaneous force (that is, any body would immediately notice if there is another body, and would suffer its attraction) and would act at a distance, that is, the intensity of the force would depend on something (the other body) that can be very far away, without contact between the bodies. He published it in his book Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica
  • The lisbon treaty

    The lisbon treaty
    The Lisbon Treaty of 1668 was a peace agreement concluded between Spain and Portugal with the intermediation of England, by means of which the war of separation from Portugal that began in 1640 was put to an end. It entailed the official recognition by Spain of independence. Portuguese of the Spanish crown.
  • Final of the truce of Regensburg

    Final of the truce of Regensburg
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    The Nine Years' War, also called the Augsburg League War, the War of the Grand Alliance, or the Palatinate War.

    The Nine Years' War was a war fought in Europe and the American colonies between 1688 and 1697, which pitted France against the League of Augsburg, which would be known in 1689, with the entry of England, with the name of the Great Alliance. The conflict ended with the signing of the Treaty of Ryswick. The war was fought to try to stop the French expansion in the Rhine.Guillermo III participated to avoid the French support to a possible restoration of Jacobo II in the English throne.
  • Augsburg League or Grand Alliance

    Augsburg League or Grand Alliance
    It consisted of Austria, Bavaria, Brandenburg, the Holy Roman Empire, England, the Palatinate, Saxony, Sweden, and the United Provinces. The name change of the alliance from the Habsburg League to the Grand Alliance was brought about by the accession of England in 1689.The League was officially formed by Emperor Leopold I. The goal of the alliance was to defend the Palatinate from French pressure. Later, the Grand Alliance would fight in the Nine Years' War against France.
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    King William's War

    It is known as King William's War (1689-1697) to the part of the Nine Years' War developed in North America between France and England, with the aim of stopping the French colonial expansion and contesting the dominion of the seas and the Commerce.
    It was the first of six colonial wars, fought between New France and New England alongside their respective native allies before France ceded its remaining continental territories in North America east of the Mississippi River in 1763.
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    Second wife

    Mariana de Neoburgo was the second wife of Carlos II, the wedding in person with King Carlos took place on May 14, 1690 in the church of the convent of San Diego, within the Royal Palace of Valladolid.
  • Death of Fernando of Valenzuela

    Death of Fernando of Valenzuela
    He died in Mexico
  • Treaty of rijswijk

    Treaty of rijswijk
    The Treaty of Rijswijk, also called the Treaty of Ryswick is the peace treaty that ends the Nine Years' War, which saw France faced off against Spain, England, the Provinces States of the Netherlands and the Holy Roman Empire. This treaty, signed in the town of Rijswijk in the province of South Holland, was signed in two parts. The first, on September 20, 1697 between France, Spain, England and the U.P.N, and the second on October 30, 1697 between France and the Holy Roman Empire.
  • The mutiny of the Cats

    The mutiny of the Cats
    The mutiny of the Cats or Oropesa mutiny was a disturbance that broke out in Madrid on April 28, 1699, following the classic guidelines of the subsistence riots of the Old Regime, in response to the shortage of food, especially bread, in the time of year when wheat was most expensive
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    War of succesion (it is a very brief summary)

    The War of the Spanish Succession was a conflict of international order for the succession to the throne of Spain after the death of Carlos II, which lasted from 1703 to 1713.Carlos II had tested in favor of Felipe de Anjou, grandson of the King of France Louis XIV. The war began on the border of France with these countries and later in Spain itself, becoming a European war within Spain,to which was added a civil war between the supporters of Archduke Carlos and the supporters of Felipe de Anjou
  • Death

    He died in the Royal Alcazar Palace, Madrid. His autopsy revealed "a heart the size of a peppercorn, the lungs corroded, the intestines rotten and gangrenous, in the kidney three large stones, a single testicle, black as coal, and a head full of water."