Canadian National Timeline

  • The Expulsion of the Acadians

    The Expulsion of the Acadians
    The Acadians were exported because they did not declare allegiance to the British. On July 28, 1755, British Governor Charles Lawrence declared that the Acadians were going to be exported. On August 10, 1755, the Acadians were exported to France and the Southeast USA.
  • The Conquest (Battle on the Plains of Abraham)

    The Conquest (Battle on the Plains of Abraham)
    There was a British invasion led by General James Wolfe. Both commanding officers were killed in the battle and the British defeated the French. Quebec was never recaptured by the French.
  • The Royal Proclamation Determines That First Nations are Sovereign

    The Royal Proclamation Determines That First Nations are Sovereign
    The Royal Proclamation promised that First Nations would have a level of land security. By doing this, the British were trying to stabilize the western frontier. They decide to do this because of the appearing Indigenous confederacy fighting.
  • Lord Durham’s report encourages the assimilation of the Francophone colonists

    Lord Durham was sent to British North America to look into the causes of the rebellions of 1837-38 in Upper and Lower Canada. He reported the need for unification of Upper and Lower Canada and a responsible government. The British Parliament carried out only the first. Durham suggested that they assimilate the French and unite the two Canadas.
  • The Indian Act is First Created

    The Indian Act is First Created
    First introduced in 1876, the Act was aimed to eliminate First Nations culture in favour of assimilation into Canadian society. The Act has been amended several times, most significantly in 1951 and 1985.
  • The Chinese Head Tax

    The Chinese Head Tax
    After the Canadian Pacific Railway was bt, some Chinese people wanted to immigrate to Canada. The Canadian Government didn't need their labour so they put a tax on them. The Chinese were forced to pay Head Tax, due to the Chinese Immigration Act. The Chinese had to pay $50 per person, it was later raised to $100 and then to $500. In the end, Chinese people paid about $23 million to Canada.
  • Louis Riel is Executed for Treason

    Louis Riel is Executed for Treason
    After the rebellion, Louis Riel lost the battle due to the railway that was recently built and completed. Louis Riel had his trial was on July 1885. Louis Riel was hanged for treason on 16 November 1885 at the North-West Mounted Police barracks in Regina.
  • Manitoba Schools Question Becomes an Issue in the Federal Election

    The Manitoba Act created the principal of denomination Catholic and Protestant school systems. This means they would have French schools for the Catholics and English schools for the Protestants.
  • Conscripition Crisis During WWI

    Conscripition Crisis During WWI
    In 1916, men stopped volunteering to fight in the war. Canada didn’t have enough recruits to reinforce the Canadian Expeditionary Force. The conscription crisis started in 1917. It divided the whole country into two groups, the people who were opposed to the idea and the people who supported it.
  • The White Paper on Aboriginal Rights

    The White Paper was a Canadian government policy paper. The purpose was to try to abolish previous legal documents involving Indigenous peoples. It was also to get rid of treaties and assimilate all Indigenous people. Indigenous people called it the Red Paper because they saw the name as racist.
  • Quebec Refuses to Sign the Constitution

    Quebec Refuses to Sign the Constitution
    Quebec refused to sign the constitution because it would lose its veto over future constitutional change, and the end of Quebec’s Bill 101.
  • Turbans in the RCMP

    Turbans in the RCMP
    Baltej Dhillon wanted to be a RCMP officer, but the dress code went against his religion. Instead of going against his beliefs or giving up his dream, he sought to change the RCMP uniform policy. Many other officers thought this would ruin the national tradition with the Mountie hat and red outfit. He was the first officer to wear a turban and have a beard.
  • The Oka Crisis

    The 78-day standoff was over a piece of land. It was a Mohawk burial ground that non-Indigenous wanted to turn into a golf course. After the death of a police officer, tensions were high. The army was called in and the protest ended. The land was bought by the federal government and the building of the golf course was canceled.
  • Canada Apologizes for Residential School

    Canada Apologizes for Residential School
    Former Prime Minister Stephen Harper stood in the House of Commons to apologize to First Nation people for the abuse, suffering, and generational and cultural dislocation on behalf of the Canadian government. The Residential School was used to assimilate the First Natives and gave them trauma.