canadian identity

Timeline created by msimo
  • Acadians are exiled from their homes

    Between 1755 and 1763, approximately 10,000 Acadians were deported. They were shipped to many points around the Atlantic. Large numbers were landed in the English colonies, others in France or the Caribbean. Thousands died of disease or starvation in the squalid conditions on board ship.
  • The Conquest (Battle on the Plains of Abraham)

    The battle, which began on 13 September 1759, was fought on a plateau by the British Army and Royal Navy against the French Army, just outside the walls of Quebec City on land that was originally owned by a farmer named Abraham Martin, hence the name of the battle. The battle involved fewer than 10,000 troops in total, but proved to be a deciding moment in the conflict between France and Britain over the fate of New France, influencing the later creation of Canada.
  • The Royal Proclamation determines that First Nations are sovereign

    On October 7, 1763, King George III issued a Royal Proclamation for the administration of British territories in North America. The Proclamation is a foundational document marking the beginning of Canada's historic link with Great Britain and British parliamentary institutions.
  • Lord Durham’s report encourages the assimilation of the Francophone colonists

    Lord Durham, a British politician, was sent to North America in 1838 to investigate the causes of the twin rebellions the previous year in the colonies of Upper and Lower Canada. Durham's famous Report led to a series of reforms and changes including the union of the two Canada's into a single colony. It also paved the way for responsible government — a critical step in the evolution of Canadian democracy.
  • The Indian Act is first created

    Since Canada was created in 1867, the federal government has been in charge of aboriginal affairs. The Indian Act, which was enacted in 1876 and has since been amended, allows the government to control most aspects of aboriginal life: Indian status, land, resources, wills, education, band administration and so on.

    The Manitoba Act of 1870 provided for the admission of Manitoba as Canada's fifth province. It marked the legal resolution of the struggle for self-determination between people of the Red River Colony and the federal government, that began with the purchase of Rupert's Land by Canada.

    The Act was first passed in 1876 as a consolidation of various laws concerning indigenous peoples enacted by the separate colonies of British North America prior to Canadian Confederation, most notably the Gradual Civilization Act passed by the Parliament of the Province of Canada
  • Chinese Head Tax discriminates against Chinese immigration

    The Chinese head tax was a fixed fee charged to each Chinese person entering Canada. The head tax was first levied after the Canadian parliament passed the Chinese Immigration Act of 1885 and was meant to discourage Chinese people from entering Canada after the completion of the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR). The tax was abolished by the Chinese Immigration Act of 1923, which stopped all Chinese immigration except for that of business people, clergy, educators, students, and other categories.
  • Manitoba Schools Question becomes an issue in the federal election

    The Manitoba Schools Question, which became the dominant issue in the 1896 federal election, led to the downfall of the ruling Conservative Party and the triumph of the Liberals, led by Wilfrid Laurier.
  • Conscription crisis during World War One

    french canadian felt that they shouldn't send men and women to the war while anglophones where on the side of sending men and women to the war because of the ties to britain.

    Beginning after the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, and lasting until 1949, Japanese Canadians were stripped of their homes and businesses and sent to internment camps and farms in the B.C. interior and across Canada.

    Queen Elizabeth II proclaimed February 15, 1965, as the day on which the new flag would be raised over Parliament Hill and adopted by all Canadians. Today, Canada's red maple leaf flag is one of the most recognizable national flags in the world.
  • The White Paper on Aboriginal Rights

    It is a Canadian policy paper proposal made in 1969 by Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau and his Minister of Indian Affairs, Jean Chrétien. The White Paper's lead purpose was to abolish all legal documents that had previously existed, including (but not limited to) the Indian Act, and all existing treaties within Canada.

    English has been a language of government in each of the provinces since their inception as British colonies. Institutional bilingualism in various forms therefore predates the Canadian Confederation in 1867. In the 1970s French in Quebec became the province's official language.

    The FLQ, October Crisis, and the Quiet Revolution. The Front de libération du Québec (FLQ) was a paramilitary group, who was very left winged; they believed in socialism and nationalism. ... This terrorist organization endorsed the Quebec Sovereignty Movement.
  • Canada adopts official multiculturalism

    (IRC) it is declared that: "In 1971, Canada was the first country in the world to adopt multiculturalism as an official policy." This statement likely refers to the 8 October 1971 announcement of Prime Minister Trudeau in the House of Commons of Canada that, after much deliberation, the policies of bilingualism and multiculturalism would be implemented in Canada. One result of this policy statement was the Canadian Multiculturalism Act' of 1988.
  • Bill 101 is passed into law in Quebec

    It is the central legislative piece in Quebec's language policy. Prior to 1974, Quebec had no official language and was subject only to the requirements on the use of English and French contained in Article 133 of the British North America Act, 1867. Bill 101 has been amended more than six times since 1977.
  • The NEP (National Energy Program) is implemented

    The National Energy Program (NEP) was an energy policy of the Government of Canada from 1980 to 1985. It was created under the Liberal government of Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau by Minister of Energy Marc Lalonde in 1980, and administered by the Department of Energy, Mines and Resources.
  • Quebec refuses to sign the constitution

    With the new amending formula Quebec lost its veto: the right or power to forbid or reject; to refuse to consent to.veto over future constitutional change. Another reason Quebec wouldn't sign was a clause in the Charter of Rights which guaranteed minority language rights "where numbers warrant."
  • Supreme Court determines that turbans can be worn with the RCMP uniform – reasonable accommodation

    In 1990 because of lots of debates and brian mulroney's gov Baltej Singh Dhillon convinced the gov that mounties should be aloud to wear turban and a beard.
  • The Oka Crisis

    The Oka Crisis, also known as the Mohawk Resistance, was a 78-day standoff (11 July–26 September 1990) between Mohawk protesters, police, and army. At the heart of the crisis was the proposed expansion of a golf course and development of condominiums on disputed land that included a Mohawk burial ground.
  • The second referendum is held to decide if Quebec should separate from Canada

    The 1995 Quebec independence referendum was the second referendum to ask voters in the Canadian French-speaking province of Quebec whether Quebec should proclaim national sovereignty and become an independent country, with the condition precedent of offering a political and economic agreement to Canada.
  • Canada apologizes for Residential Schools

    On 11 June 2008 Prime Minister Stephen Harper stood in the House of Commons to offer, on behalf of the Government of Canada, an apology to Aboriginal peoples in Canada for the abuse, suffering, and generational and cultural dislocation that resulted from assimilative, government-sanctioned residential schools.