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Canada Timeline

  • 1534

    Discovery of Canada

    Discovery of Canada
    The discovery of Canada by Jacques Cartier was the beginning of a new nation we live in today.
  • New France becomes a colony

    New France becomes a colony
    New France was the beginning of a new culture and francophones as a nation in Canada.
  • Arcadians are Exiled from their homes

    Arcadians are Exiled from their homes
    the British demanded the Arcadians to pledge allegiance. When the Acadians refused the British imprisoned and deported them. This impacts Canada today because it shows the cruel history that Canada was born in.
  • The Conquest (Battle on the Plains of Abraham)

    The Conquest (Battle on the Plains of Abraham)
    13 September 1759, the battle on the plains of Abraham was a very influential battle between Britain and the French. This is a very important piece of our history because it shows how we became a British colony.
  • The Royal Proclamation determines that First Nations are sovereign

    King George III issued a Royal proclamation to build up government control in North America. This contributed to the outbreaks of the American revolution.
  • Assimilation of the Francophone Colonists

    Assimilation of the Francophone Colonists
    lord Durham sent a report wanting to assimilate all Francophone colonists. He also wanted to United upper and lower Canada. This is an important piece of our history because it united Ontario as a Province.
  • Confederation

    This is when the British colonies joined to make one nation state, Canada. The first colonies were Québec, Ontario, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia.
  • Residential schools

    Residential schools
    The first residential schools open. Their painful legacy would stretch to today.
  • The Indian Act

    The Indian Act
    This act determined who is First Nations and where they live. This act also determined the the benefits of being First Nation like hunting grounds.
  • Chinese Head Tax

    Chinese Head Tax
    1885, the Chinese head tax was a fixed tax on Chinese people entering the country. This stopped a lot of immigration besides those wealthy enough to enter like Chinese businessmen, educators and students. This affects our Canadian identity because it shows a very different side of today's Canada.
  • Riel Rebellion

    Riel Rebellion
    Also known as the north west rebellion led by Louis Reid followed by Cree and Metis people. Louis riel fought for rights of Metis people and became a symbol of their culture and language.
  • Manitoba Schools Question

    Manitoba Schools Question
    Manitoba was split in two between French speaking Catholics and English speaking Protestants. This changed when Greenways government passed a new education combining the two nations and abolishing the Catholic French speaking system and only having English in the Province.
  • Conscription crisis during World War One

    Conscription crisis during World War One
    the Canadian government passed a new conscription to force men to fight in WWI. This split Canada in half because mainly the anglophones believe they should fight while the francophones were pacifists and did not want to fight. This split Canada in two and many riots and fights broke out.
  • The Referendum of Newfoundland

    The Referendum of Newfoundland
    Newfoundland had a choice of self government or join Canada. While a referendum was held Newfoundland had a good relationship with Canada by the end of WWII and was broke because of the Great Depression. If the situation had been different Newfoundland might not have joined Canada.
  • First Nations Right to Vote

    First Nations Right to Vote
    Natives are given the right to vote in federal elections.
  • Quiet Revolution

    Quiet Revolution
    The quiet revolution was a period of intense socio political and cultural battles in Quebec for francophone rights.
  • The White Paper on Aboriginal Rights

    The White Paper on Aboriginal Rights
    The federal government led by Pierre trudeau wanted to get rid of aboriginal rights and make all First Nation people regular citizens. This was to make a more of a just society.
  • FLQ Crisis

    FLQ Crisis
    The nationalist FLQ group kidnapped a libération leader, James Cross. The FLQ group demanded freeing of some members, half a million dollars and a broadcast. These acts forced Prime Minister trudeau to force the war measures act to fund these terrorists.
  • The Calder Case

    The Calder Case
    In this court case aboriginal peoples in British Columbia wanted their land claims to be official and lawfully owned. Some believed that the First Nations gave their land up when British Columbia joined Confederation.
  • Election of the Parti Quebecois

    Election of the Parti Quebecois
    Parti Quebecois was a political party wanting Quebec to claim independence from Canada. This led to large nationalist differences and francophone and anglophone people to fight.
  • Bill 101

    Bill 101
    Bill 101 was about making French Quebec's only official language. This brought more drama differences between people in Canada.
  • The NEP is implemented

    The NEP is implemented
    the NEP was an act on trying to gain greater control over Canada's petroleum, oil and gas and to spread the wealth all over Canada. Equalization payments.
  • Referendum 1980

    Referendum 1980
    The first referendum to take place in Quebec. While the parti quebecois claimed Quebec wanted to leave Canada the votes were 60 to 40 to stay.
  • Quebec refuses to sign the constitution

    Quebec refused to sign the constitution because French was not protected in other parts of Canada but English was supposed to protected in Quebec. Quebec would also lose its veto privileges.
  • Meech Lake Accord

    Meech Lake Accord
    The Meech Lake Accord was about the federal government led by Mulroney to revise the constitution and make Quebec a distinct society.
  • Supreme Court determines that turbans can be worn with the RCMP uniform

    Supreme Court determines that turbans can be worn with the RCMP uniform
    Baltej Singh Dhillon joined the RCMP and had a choice to either fight for his religious beliefs or his serving his country. He chose to fight for his beliefs and won in 1990, this has changed Canadian identity because the Mountie police have been a Canadian symbol for a long time and now is changed. Example of reasonable accommodation.
  • The Oka Crisis

    The Oka Crisis
    July 11 - September 26, 1990, The Oka Crisis or Oka Resistance was a land dispute between a group of Mohawk people and the town of Oka, Quebec.
  • Formation of the Bloc Québécois

    Formation of the Bloc Québécois
    Federal political party in Canada devoted to Quebec nationalism and the promotion of Quebec sovereignty.
  • Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples

    Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples
    Consultations were held with Aboriginal groups on the development of the research plan. This covered four areas governance, land and economy, social and cultural issues and the North from four perspectives historical, women, youth and urban.
  • Charlottetown Accord

    Charlottetown Accord
    1992 October 26, Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and all 10 provincial premiers tried to amend the Canadian Constitution but then failed to gain consent from Quebec.
  • Referendum 1995

    Referendum 1995
    failures of both Meech lake and Charlottetown accords and rising tensions left Quebec to a second referendum. This second bite was much closer than the last one and left only a difference of .2 % to stay in canada.
  • Queens Apology

    Queens Apology
    December 5th, 2003, this is important because the crown releases they made an unfixable mistake in assimilating the francophones.
  • Recognition of Quebecois Nation

    Recognition of Quebecois Nation
    Stephen Harper, leader of Conservative party recognized quebecois as a nation in a larger nation state.
  • Canada apologizes for Residential Schools

    Canada apologizes for Residential Schools
    Prime Minister Stephen Harper apologized to all aboriginal peoples for the Terrible residential schools.
  • The publication of the TRC 94 Calls to Action

    The final report of residential schools, showing numbers of kids who died of abuse and malnutrition.
  • Bill C-30

    Comprehensive agreement between Canada and the European Union to boost trade and economic.
  • 150 years of Canada

    This year marks the date we have united as a nation state for a 150 years.