Andrés Asorey Salvado_G&H_4ºEso F

Timeline created by Jepettox
In History
  • Period:
    Oct 12, 1492
    to

    Modern History

    Time trancurred between the descubriment of America and the French Revolution.
  • Estates-General

    Estates-General
    The Estates-General met in Versailles in May 1789. The meeting was chaired by the king and made up of representatives of nobility, clergy and Third State. However, the Third State representatives decided to leave the meeting when the privileged classes refused to allow them greater representation and insisted on one vote per estate rather than one per representative
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    Contemporany History

    Period of time between the French Revoution to nowdays
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    French Revolution

    The French Revolution was a social and political conflict, which convulsed France. It began with the proclamation of the Third Estate as the National Assembly in 1789 and ended with Napoleon Bonaparte's coup d' état in 1799.
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    Constitutional Monarchy

    In the first phase of the Revolution, the moderate bourgeoisie tried to reach an agreement with the king and the privileged classes to make France a constitutional and parliamentary monarchy. To do this, the National Constituent Assembly: abolished feudalism and drew up a constitution. A Legislative Assembly was formed. This drafted new laws to implement liberalism, forced the nobility to pay taxes and abolished the guilds. A new army, the National Guard, was created to defend the Revolution.
  • Tennis Court Oath

    Tennis Court Oath
    The representatives of the Third State met in a pavilion in Versailles (Jeu de Paume) and proclaimed themselves the National Assembly. They pledged to draft a constitution that reflected te will of the majority of French people.
  • Storming of the Bastille

    Storming of the Bastille
    The people of Paris supported the Assembly's proposals, and they stormed the Bastille. The revolution spread to the countryside, where nobles' homes were burnt (the Great Fear)
  • Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen

    Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen
    Defined individual and collective rights at the time of the French Revolution.
  • Women's March on Versailles

    Women's March on Versailles
    From Paris’ markets, thousands of angry women marched to
    Versailles.They forced the king to abandon his palace and go to Tuileries Palace in Paris.
  • First French constitution

    First French constitution
    The constitution was based on the separation of powers, national sovereignty and legal equality, though the king reserved the right of veto. Census suffrage was also introduced, giving the vote to people with certain level of wealth
  • War of the First Coalition

    War of the First Coalition
    It happens betwee 1792 and 1797, in this war France fought against the absolutism powers of Europe concretly, they fought against Austria and Prussia
  • Storm of Tulleries Palace

    Storm of Tulleries Palace
    The common people (sans-culottes), stormed the Tuileries Palace and imprisoned the royal family.
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    Social Republic

    The betrayal by the king and the military invasion led to the revolt by the common people(sans-culots). On 10 August 1792, they stormed the Tulleries Palace and imprisoned the royal family. A republic was declared and the second phase of the Revolution began.
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    Girondin Convention

    The Girondins,the more moderate bourgeoisie, controlled the Republic. A new assembly, the National Convention, was elected by universal men suffrage. Louis XVI and Queen Marie Antoinette were convicted of treason and executed in 1793. In response to the king's deaht, monarchies in Europe formed an absolutist coalition against France. Inside the country, counter-revolutionary revolts broke out and the former privileged classes organised royalist plots.
  • Execution of Louis XVI

    Execution of Louis XVI
    After being convicted with foreign powers and sentenced to death by the French National Convention, King Louis XVI is executed by guillotine in the Place of the Revolution in Paris.
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    Jacobin Convention

    n June 1793, the Jacobins, the most radical sector of the bourgeoisie, endorsed the demands of the popular sectors and seized power. The Revolution had now entered its most extreme phase. A new constitution that recognised popular sovereignty and the right to social equality was enacted. The executive was led by a Committee of Public Safety, which gave power to the Jacobin leader Robespierre.To reject the Austrian invasion, a mass levy was organised to force all citizens to join the army.
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    Reign of Terror

    Freedoms were suspended and people opposed to the government were either imprisoned or revolutionary courts ordered their execution by guillotine (Law of Suspects)
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    Conservative Republic

    The moderate bourgeoisie took back control of the Revolution and it entered its third phase. Jacobin laws were cancelled and exiles from the Reign of Terror were encouraged to return. A new Constitution (1795) granted executive power to a collegial government, known as the Directory, and restored census suffrage. The Directory was permanently unstable. In this context of crisis and war against the absolutist powers, general Napoléon Bonaparte organised a coup in 1799 that ended the Directory.
  • Coup of the 18 Brumaire

    Coup of the 18 Brumaire
    The 9th of november 1799 Napoleon Bonaparte coup d'état that overthrew the system of government under the Directory in France and substituted the Consulate.
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    The Consulate

    This was a period of autocratic and authoritarian rule. Napoleon aspired to put an end to the political instability of the Revolution, consolidate some of the revolutionary principles and promote economic recovery through a government that represented the interests of the bourgeoisie. The Constitution of 1800 of the new political system did not include the separation of powers or a declaration of rights. Liberties were very limited and censorship was imposed to control public opinion.
  • Constitution of 1800

    Constitution of 1800
    The Constitution of 1800 established a legislature of three houses, which was composed of a Conservative Senate, a Tribunate, and a Legislative Body.
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    The Napoleonic Empire

    Napoleon began his conquest of Europe in 1803 and was crowned emperor by the Pope in 1804. His large army and the use of new military tactics enabled him to defeat most European monarchies. After France's victory over Austria and Russia at Austerlitz, the French troops seemed unstoppable. In 1808, the French invaded Spain, and Joseph Bonaparte, was made king. In 1811, the Napoleonic Empire had reached its zenith: it extended from Germany to Spain. France now controlled most of Europe.
  • Napoleon crowned emperor

    Napoleon crowned emperor
    Napoleon proclaimed himself emperor. His coronation ceremony took place on December 2, 1804, in the Cathedral of Notre-Dame in Paris.
  • Invasion of Spain and Joseph Bonaparte crowned king

    Invasion of Spain and Joseph Bonaparte crowned king
    In 1808 the French invaded Spain and Joseph Bonaparte, one of the emperor's brothers, was made king.
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    The Restoration of absolutism

    The Congress of Vienna established the ideological principles of the Restoration, such as the legitimacy of the absolute monarchs and the denial of national sovereignty. It also called for a balance of power between the victors through periodic meetings and the right of intervention.
  • The Congress of Vienna and Holly Alliance Treaty

    The Congress of Vienna and Holly Alliance Treaty
    The Congress of Vienna established the ideological principles of the Restoration, such as the legitimacy of the absolute monarchs and the denial of national sovereignty. It also called for a balance of power between the victors through periodic meetings and the right of intervention. In 1815, the Holy Alliance Treaty was signed. This stipulated that the absolute monarchs would unite against any threat of liberal revolution.
  • Batle of Waterloo

    Batle of Waterloo
    In 1815, the imperial armies were finally defeated in Waterloo by Great Britain and Prussia. Napoleon abdicated after the defeat and was sent into exile on the island of Saint Helena, where he died in 1821.
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    Greek War of Independence

    Greece had been part of the Ottoman Empire for centuries. The Greeks had to pay high taxes, they were excluded from state administration jobs and they felt dominated by a group of people with a different religion and culture. In 1822, the Greeks declared independence, but it was not recognised by the Turks, and resulted in the beginning of a war. In 1827, with the help of French and British military intervention, the Greeks defeated the Ottoman Empire. Greece gained its independence in 1830.
  • Revolution of 1830

    Revolution of 1830
    After 1815, liberalism and nationalism became the two main opposition forces, prompting the revolutions of 1830 and 1848 that ended the restoration of absolutism. The insurrections had significant popular support. When they were successful, absolutism was replaced by liberal political systems governed by a constitution in which the bourgeoisie held power. The movement began in France when Charles X, the absolute monarch who succeeded Louis XVIII a few years after the fall of Napoleon
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    The Belgian Revolution

    Belgium was made part of the Kingdom of Holland by the Congress of Vienna in 1815, which then became the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The spread of liberal ideas helped the Belgian Revolution, and Belgium became a liberal monarchy ruled by Leopold I. An armed conflict followed Belgium's declaration of independence. It finally ended when the Netherlands recognised Belgium's independence in 1839.
  • Zollverein

    Customs Union, it was a treat that eliminate the customns in the Germanic confederation.
  • Revolutions of 1848

    Revolutions of 1848
    The revolutions of 1848 showed how countries under the control of empires wanted to pursue the idea of nationalism and the creation of new liberal governments. In the Austrian Empire, the revolt in Vienna was liberal in character, and the revolution forced chancellor Metternich to resign. In France, a popular uprising proclaimed the Second Republic, which adopted a number of democratic measures, such as universal male suffrage, press freedom, abolition of the death penalty...
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    French second Republic

    In France, a popular uprising proclaimed the Second Republic, which adopted a number of democratic measures, such as universal male suffrage, press freedom, abolition of the death penalty and recognition of certain rights for workers.
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    Italian unification

    1859.Kingdom of Piedmont, ruled by the liberal
    monarchy of Savoy with Cavour as Prime Minister,
    started the unification
    Declared the war on Austria and annexed Lombardy
    Popular uprising lead by Garibaldi overthrew the
    absolute monarchies in central and southern Italy
    1861. Victor Manuel II of Savoy proclaimed king of
    Italy
    1866. Austria left Venetia
    1870. The Papal states were
    annexed and Rome became
    the capital.
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    Germany Unification

    1834.Prussia created a customs union
    (Zollverein).
    1848. 1st freely elected parliament offered the
    crown of Germany to the king of Prussia, who
    refused it.
    1861. New political figures in Prussia: King
    Wilhelm I and Otto von Bismarck as chancellor.
    War on Denmark (1864)
    War on Austria (1866)
    War on France (1870)
    1871. Proclamation of the Second German
    Empire (or Reich) with Wilhelm I as Kaiser.