• Period: Dec 13, 1474 to Nov 26, 1504

    King Ferdinand/Isabella

    Ruled over Spain
  • Period: Apr 21, 1509 to Jan 28, 1547

    King Henry VIII

    Ruled over England
  • Period: Jan 16, 1547 to

    Ivan the Terrible

    The first proclaimed Tsar of Russia
  • Period: Jan 16, 1556 to

    Philip II

    Ruled over Spain
  • Period: Nov 17, 1558 to

    Elizabeth I

    Queen of England
  • Period: to

    Thirty Years War

    One of the longest and most brutal wars in human history. The king of Bohemia tried to impose Catholicism throughout his domains.
  • Period: to

    English Civil War

    King Charles I and Parliament faced off over long standing disputes about religious freedom and how the "three kingdoms" of England, Scotland and Ireland should be governed.
  • Period: to

    King Louis XIV

    Ruled over France
  • Period: to

    Peter the Great

    The Tsar of Russia
  • Period: to

    The Glorious Revolution

    Permanently established Parliament as the ruling power of England-- and, later, the United Kingdom-- representing a shift from an absolute monarchy to a constitutional monarchy.
  • Period: to

    War of the Spanish Succession

    A major European conflict that arose after the death of the last Spanish Habsburg king, Charles II. It was a struggle to determine whether the vast possessions of the Spanish Empire should pass to the House of Bourbon or to the House of Habsburg.
  • Period: to

    Seven Years War

    The commercial and imperial rivalry between Britain and France, and by the antagonism between Prussia and Austria. Austrian Habsburg tried to win back the province of Silesia.
  • Period: to

    Louis XVI

    Ruled over France
  • May 5, 1789 meeting with the Estates-General

    May 5, 1789 meeting with the Estates-General
    Louis XVI called an assembly to pass proposals for new taxes. The Third estate formed a national assembly and, against the wishes of the king invited the other two estates to join.
  • Tennis Court Oath

    Tennis Court Oath
    The deputies of the Third estate were locked out of their meeting hall, so they went to an indoor tennis court. During their meeting, they took an oath never to separate until a written constitution had been established for France.
  • Declaration of the Rights of Man

    Declaration of the Rights of Man
    An expression of universal human rights-- those rights that are true at all times and in all places-- that served as one of the foundational documents.
  • Women's March on Versailles

    Women's March on Versailles
    A riot that took place during this first stage of the French Revolution. It was spontaneously organized by women in the marketplaces of Paris and they complained over the high price and scant availability of bread, marching from Paris to Versailles.
  • Execution of King Louis XVI

    Execution of King Louis XVI
    Ultimately unwilling to cede his royal power to the Revolutionary government, Louis XVI was found guilty of treason and condemned to death.He was executed by guillotine.
  • Period: to

    Reign of Terror

    A period of state-sanctioned violence and mass executions. France's revolutionary government ordered the arrest and execution of thousands of people.
  • Maximilien Robespierre's Execution

    Maximilien Robespierre's Execution
    Robespierre and a number of his followers were arrested at the Hotel de Ville in Paris. The next day Robespierre and 21 of his followers were taken to the Place de la Revolution, where they were executed by guillotine before a cheering crowd.
  • Napoleon Crowns Himself Emperor

    Napoleon Crowns Himself Emperor
    During the coronation, he snatched the crown from the hands of Pope Pius VII and crowned himself, thus displaying his rejection of the authority of the Pontiff.
  • Period: to

    Peninsular War

    The British Army fought a war in the Iberian Peninsula against the invading forces of Napoleon's France.
  • Period: to

    French Invasion of Russia

    Napoleon and his troops invade Russia. The campaign failed, however, because Napoleon and his men ran out of food, and could not survive the harsh weather conditions.
  • Period: to

    French Invasion of Russia

    Napoleon's objective was to rout the Imperial Russian army and force Csar Alexander I to return to the Continental System. Napoleon failed to conquer Russia because of faulty logistics, poor discipline, disease, and weather.
  • Napoleon is Exiled to Elba

    Napoleon is Exiled to Elba
    In the Treaty of Fontainebleau, Napoleon was banished to the Mediterranean island of Elba
  • Napoleon Dies

    Napoleon Dies
  • Period: to

    Nicolas II (Romanov)

    The last emperor of Russia