Vikings invade Europe300-476
Fall of the Western Roman EmpireBenjamin
Justinian I crowned emperor of the Byzantine Empire.Justinian I expands the Byzantine Empire.
St. Benedict founds the 1st monastic order in MontecassinoLorenzo
Lombards invade Italy. Venice is founded.Tommaso
Muhammad is bornWhen Muhammad is born in 570 A.D., the Arabian Peninsula is divided into clans and is polytheist. Kabba was already a shrine.
Muhammad diesIslam splits in Shiites and Sunnis.
Islamic adaptations and innovationsBetween the 7th and 8th century Maslims spread knowledge from Asia to Europe.
Baghdad is founded
Sutri Castle is given to the Pope by the LombardsThe Papal State is forming.
Byzantine Emperor Leo III calls for iconoclasmDario
Charles Martel defeats Islamic forces in Poitiers.Battle of Tours/Poitiers.
Charlemagne crowned Emperor of the Holy Roman EmpireAugusto
Pope Leo III not happy with Irene and her Byzantine EmpirePope Leo III not happy with Irene being empress of the Byzantine Empire. He crowns Charlemagne.
Village in the Middle AgesBea
Town in the Middle AgesAgata
Italy is divided in Principalities and DuchiesDue to Lombards’ conquests, Italy is divided in Principalities and Duchies (plus Byzantines and Papal State) 1000 A.D.
Great SchismOrthodox Church split from RCC.
Wlliam of Normandy conquers EnglandTommaso
Pope Gregory VII excommunicates Henry IVSofia
First university ever in BolognaPippi
First Crusade startsCalled by Pope Urban II.
Typical gothic cathedral in the Middle AgesGinevra
Second CrusadeTo regain the Christian Kingdom lost to Islamic forces.
Thomas Becket quarrels with Henry II and is killed in the Canterbury cathedralShauna
Third CrusadeMuslim regain Jerusalem 1187 A.D.
Third Crusade 1189-1192 A.D. (three kings)
Fourth CrusadeSack of Constantinople.
The Magna Carta is signed by King JohnCiro
The first British parliament is established under Edward IElisa Mary
The plague arrives in EuropeEmma