Latin America History Timeline

  • Jan 1, 1325

    Aztecs found Tenochtitlan

    Aztecs found Tenochtitlan
    It's located on an island in Lake Texcoco, in the Valley of Mexico. Today its ruins are located in present day Mexico City. This city was one of the Aztecs most beautiful cities constructed in their empire. The city had beautiful temples,
    palaces, gardens, and lakes. Canals linked parts of the
    city. People grew food on islands in Lake Texcoco surrounding the city. Tenochtitlán was where the Aztecs
    practiced human sacrifice in their temples.
  • Jun 7, 1494

    Treaty of Tordesillas

    Treaty of Tordesillas
    Two European countries argued over South American land regions. In 1494 they reached an agreement. In the result they created the Treat y of Tordesillas. Because of this treaty, Portugal gained control over the land that became present-day Brazil.
  • Jan 1, 1500

    Inca Empire

    Inca Empire
    Inspite of the harsh terrain, the Inca were able to build their empire in the Andes Mountains. They built their empire on the foundation of earlier cultures. From their capital at Cuzco in Peru, the Inca extended their power. They brought other tribes under their control and built a great empire. By 1500, the Inca empire extended 2,500 miles along the west coast
    of South America. It ran from present-day Ecuador in the north to Argentina in the south. A road system that was about 20,000 miles lon
  • Aug 13, 1521

    Spanish Conquest

    Spanish Conquest
    The Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire was one of the most important campaigns in the Spanish colonization of the Americas. The invasion began in February 1519 and became victorious in 1521. Hernando Cortes lead this event, and he was the one who conquered the Aztec Empire.
  • Jan 1, 1532

    Conquer of the Incas

    In 1532, Francisco Pizarro and his soldier invaded the Inca Empire in Peru. They were able to conquer it by the year 1533. The Spanish were primarily interested in conquering one thing from the Incas. They were interested in claiming the gold and silver of the Incas.
  • Santiago, Chile Earthquake

    Santiago, Chile Earthquake
    The 1647 Santiago Earthquake struck Santiago, Chile on the night of May 13. It is said to have brought virtually every building in the city to the ground. The earthquake was felt throughout the so-called Captaincy General of Chile, an administrative territory of the Spanish Empire. The maximum felt intensity was XI on the Mercalli intensity scale and there were about a thousand casualties.
  • Haiti's Independence

    Haiti's Independence
    On January 1, 1804, Haiti proclaimed its independence. Through this action, it became the second independent state in the Western Hemisphere and the first free black republic in the world. It attracted a lot of attention and symbolized aspirations and dreams of enslaved people.
  • South American Countries' Independence

    Simon Bolivar helped many South American countries in their fight of independence from Spain. Bolívar helped to liberate the countries of Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, and Bolivia. José de San Martín helped to free the countries of Argentina, Chile, and Peru from Spanish rule.Although many South American nations gained freedom in the 1800s, hundreds of years of colonialism had their effects. Strong militaries, underdeveloped economies, and social class divisions still exist in the region today.
  • Mexican Independence

    Mexican Independence
    The independence was begane in 1810 and was an armed conflict between the people of Mexico and the Spanish colonial authorities which started on 16 September 1810. The movement ,which became known as the Mexican War of Independence, was led by Mexican-born Spaniards, Mestizos and Amerindians who sought independence from Spain. After a conspiracy the war became a reality because of the Grito de Dolores. Mexico declared its independence from Spain in 1821.
  • Brazil's Independence

    Brazil remained a Portuguese colony from 1500 to 1822. After Napoleon’s defeat in 1815, many people in Brazil demanded independence from Portugal. However, the Portuguese government wanted Brazil to remain a colony. But the Brazilians kept pushing for independence. Finally, thousands of them signed petitions asking Dom Pedro, the son of Portugal’s king, to rule Brazil as an independent country. He agreed, and in September of 1822, he declared Brazil’s independence from Portugal.
  • United Provinces of Central America

    United Provinces of Central America
    It was a republican democracy that existed from 1823 until 1830. The republic consisted of the states of Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica. Up until this point, Central America had been governed by Mexico.
  • Cuba Independence

    Cuba achieved independence from Spain in 1898 as
    a result of the Spanish-American War. Although, Cuba had its problems in its government. After an occupation by United States forces, the island became self-governing in 1902.
  • Mexican Revolution

    Pancho Villa helped lead this event, but the uprising was led by Francisco I. Madero against longtime autocrat Porfirio Díaz. It is said that this revolution only lasted until 1920, but outbreaks still continued afterwards. Over time the Revolution changed from a revolt against the established order to a multi-sided civil war.
  • Panama Canal

    Panama Canal
    The Panama Canal is a 48 mile long ship canal in Panama. It joins the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean. It was built in 1o years, from 1904 to 1914. It's annual trafic har risen over the years.
  • Calypso

    Calypso is a style of Afro-Caribbean music that originated in Trinidad and Tobago. Calypso combines musical elements from Africa, Spain, and the Caribbean. The songs are accompanied by steel drums and guitars, and they have improvised lyrics.
  • Reggae

    Reggae is a music genre that was first developed in Jamaica. This music genre is based on a rhythmic style, characterized by accents on the off-beats. Many reggae songs deal with social problems and religion. African, America, and Caribbean music all mixed into the roots of reggae.
  • Trinidad and Tobago Independence

    Trinidad and Tobago became an independent nation in 1962. It achieved independence from Spain in the 20th Century. It was in a federation along with Jamaica, but when Jamaica achieved independence, the Federation dissolved, and the government chose to seek its own independence.
  • Jamaica Independence

    Jamaica sought its independence from Britain since its earliest days. Throughout its history it was fighting against the laws passed down by the Crown. The island made the final transition in the 20th century, and achieved independence from Great Britain.
  • Alberto Fujimori

    Alberto Fujimori
    Alberto Fujimori was born on July 28, 1938. He served as Peru's president from from July 18. 1990, until he resigned on November 17, 2000. Fujimori was accused and credited with many things. He was credited with uprooting terrorism in Peru.
  • Volcano on Montserrat

    Montserrat is an island in the Caribbean. One of the outstanding features of the island is its large volcano located in the Soufriere Hills. The volcano had been dormant for approximately five centuries when it began to erupt in 1995. The eruptions continued through 1996 and became particularly severe in 1997. Two-thirds of the island is now inhabitable.
  • Vicente Fox

    Vicente Fox
    In 2000, Vicente Fox was elected president of Mexico. He served as president from the year 2000 until the year 2006. When he was elected president, the election because historically significant because that made him the first president elected from an opposition party and the first one in 71 years to defeat, with 42 percent of the vote, the then-dominant Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI).
  • Juan Peron

    Juan Peron
    Juan Peron was born on October 8, 1895. Juan Peron was an Argentinan general and politican. Peron was elected President of Argentian three times, although, he was only able to serve one full term.