Kaaba

The Spread of Islam

  • Jan 3, 611

    The Fourth Caliph

    The Fourth Caliph
    The Shiites believed that the decendants of the prohpet were divinely inspired. The Sunni belived that the inspiration came from the example of Muhammad. Muhammad's son-in-law,Ali, became the fourth caliph, but was assasinated.
  • Period: Feb 14, 611 to Nov 14, 1300

    The Spread of Islam

  • Aug 14, 711

    Muslims Crossed the Strait of Gilbralter

    Muslims Crossed the Strait of Gilbralter
    Muslims from Egypt crossed the Strait of Gilbralter into Spain and pushed into North France.
  • Oct 18, 732

    Defeated

    Defeated
    Muslims were defeated. Eslewhere, Muslims besieged the Byzantine, Constantinople but failed to take the city.
  • Sep 14, 750

    The Capturing

    The Capturing
    Damascus was captured and the Umayyad family stoped ruling the Islam world.
  • Nov 27, 786

    Baghdad

    Baghdad
    The city of Baghdad reached its peak under the reign of caliph Harun al-Rashid from 786-809
  • Feb 3, 850

    Things Start to Change

    Things Start to Change
    In Spain, Egypt and elsewhere, independent dynasties ruled seperate Muslim states, power of the caliph faded, civil wars erupted and Shiite rulers took over parts of the empire.
  • Mar 17, 900

    Migration

    Migration
    Seljuk Turks migrated to Middle East from Central Asia. They adopted Islam and built a large empire across the Fertile Crecent.
  • May 25, 1055

    Control

    Control
    Seljuk controlled Baghdad, but he left the Abbassid caliph as figurehead.
  • Jun 16, 1099

    Capture

    Capture
    Christian Crusaders captured Jerusalem.
  • Aug 30, 1187

    Muslims Took Over Jerusalem

    Muslims Took Over Jerusalem
    Muslim general Salah al-Din (Saladin) ousted Christians from Jerusalem.
  • Sep 14, 1200

    Arab Empire Fell

    Arab Empire Fell
    Abrab empire fell. The idependent Muslims caliphates and states and states were scattered across North America and Spain. After five centuries, the Muslim world was just as politically divided as the Christian world.
  • Mar 31, 1216

    Mongols

    Mongols
    Genghiz led Mongols out of Central Asia across Persia and Mesopotamia. The Mongol amries returned.
  • Oct 7, 1244

    Christians Regained Jerusalem

    Christians Regained Jerusalem
    Christians Regained Jerusalem after Slah al-Din's death.
  • Dec 16, 1258

    Bye Bye to the Last Abbassid Caliph

    Bye Bye to the Last Abbassid Caliph
    Genghiza's grandson, Hulagu, burned and stole from Baghdad, killing the last Abbassid Caliph.
  • Apr 21, 1300

    Timur the Lame

    Timur the Lame
    Mongol Leader, Timur the Lame (Timurlane), led his armies into the Middle East. His ambitions led him to conquer Muslim and non-Muslim lands.