Pax RomanaVideo of Pax Romana
28 B.C.E.-193 C.E. was the time of Pax Romana (Roman Peace) that began with Augustas Caesar when he became the first Roman Emperor.
Period: 100 to 500
Marcus Aurelius Becomes Emperor161 C.E.-180 C.E. is when Marcus Aurelius became Emperor. He was the last of the 5 good emperors who unified the empire economically. However, he spent most of his time defeating rebellions and fighting off invasions. The only bad decision he made was when he chose his son, Commodus, to be the Emperor. Pax Romana ended when he died.
Commodus Becomes Emperor180 C.E.-192 C.E. was when Commodus ruled. He was the son of Marcus Aurelius who began the decline of the Roman Empire. He was more interested in entertainment than he was in government. He also allowed others to help him run the empire. When the Empire ran short of money, he decided to kill the wealthy citizens to collect their money for the government. He was assassinated on 12/31 in the year 192 C.E.
Empire CrumblesThere is a new religion called monotheistic (which is Christianity) but there are still people who belive in polytheism. Nero, the new emperor, burns down rome amd blames it on the Christians. The polytheistcs are very upset by this, so they start to execute Christians. All of this began under Commodus, but he was not the main reason. There were also several weak, corrupt leaders who hired mercenary armies which caused serious economic problems.
Diocletian Becomes Emperor284 C.E.-305 C.E. is when Diocletian ruled the Roman Empire. He appointed a co-emperor to rule after he divided the Empire in half which can also be considered a tetrarchy. He gives the Western half of the Empire to Maximian, so Diocletian takes the Eastern half. The East is a better half to rule because it has better trade routes, it can defend better, and it has a smaller border, but bigger military. The West is worse because of its bigger border, smaller military, and less access to trade.
Constantine: Battle of the Milvian BridgeVideo of the Battle of Milvian Bridge
312 C.E.-337 C.E.- Constantine, a successful general, became emperor, and declared civil war against Licinius in 312 C.E. He was outnumbered and had a weak army. Before the battle, he looked up to the sky and saw a P with an X in the middle that said, "under this sign you will conquer'. He believed it was sent from the Christian gods. He put that symbol on shields of his soldiers and was victorious.
Edict of MilanConstantine granted the freedom of worship, strongly encouraged the spread of Christianity.
Constantine Moves Capital of RomeConstantine moves the capital of the Roman Empire from Rome to Byzantium. He changes the name to Constantinople which means, "city of Constantine". He moved because Byzantium has better trade routes, both by land and by sea. They can also trade with Asia in Constantinople. The Silk Road also runs through Constantinople, so there are more goods to export and import.
Invasions of the Roman EmpireVideo of the Invasion of the Roman Empire
Constantine dies in 337 C.E. Germanic tribes called barbarians attack the empire.
Final Collapse of the Roman EmpireVideo of the Fall of the Roman Empire
In 476 C.E., the Ostragoths led the final collapse of the Roman Empire. It is gone completely. However, the Eastern Empire still stayed strong after Rome fell. It became the Byzantine Empire.