Roman History

  • 753 BCE

    The foundation of Rome

    The foundation of Rome
    The beginning of the Roman civilization
  • 509 BCE

    The creation of the Roman republic

    It all began when the Romans overthrew their Etruscan conquerors in 509 B.C.E. Centered north of Rome, the Etruscans had ruled over the Romans for hundreds of years.
  • 509 BCE

    Rome becomes republic

    Rome becomes republic
    Government in which citizens elected representatives to rule on their behalf.
  • 338 BCE

    The settlement of the latin war

    The general effect of the Latin War was to strengthen Rome's grip upon Latium and to provide more lands upon which to settle. Rome now truly dominated all the Latins, and rather than acting as the most powerful member of an alliance, it became a centralized government.
  • 264 BCE

    The punic wars

    The punic wars
    After the First Punic War, Sicily became Rome's first "overseas province." Rome was also able to gain control of both Corsica and Sardinia, two islands located of the coast of Italy. ... Finally, the wars provided wealth to Rome with all the money Carthage had to pay in war debt.
  • 218 BCE

    Hannibal invades Italy

    Historical events which led to the defeat of Carthage during the First Punic War when his father commanded the Carthaginian Army also led Hannibal to plan the invasion of Italy by land across the Alps. The task was daunting, to say the least
  • 100 BCE

    The Hellenization of Rome (first and second centuries)

    The Hellenization of Rome (first and second centuries)
    Hellenism introduced and spread the Greek language, art, culture, political ideas, and philosophy across the Mediterranean and Middle East
  • 80 BCE

    The coloseum is built

    The coloseum is built
    t got the name Colosseum because of a statue that was located alongside the amphitheatre called 'the colossus of Nero'. ... It took 60,000 Jewish slaves to build the Colosseum. It was built of stone and concrete.
  • 73 BCE


    Spartacus the gladiator leads the slaves in an uprising
  • 67 BCE

    Pompey in the east

    Pompey and Caesar then contended for the leadership of the Roman state, leading to a civil war. When Pompey was defeated at the Battle of Pharsalus in 48 BC, he sought refuge in Egypt, where he was assassinated. His career and defeat are significant in Rome's subsequent transformation from Republic to Empire.
  • 45 BCE

    Julius Caesar

    Julius Caesar becomes first dictator
  • 44 BCE

    Julius Caesars death

    Julius Caesar was murdered on the ides of march and cremated in the forum
  • 31 BCE

    Agustus reintroduces maonarchy to Rome

    Agustus reintroduces maonarchy to Rome
    Augustus made many important reforms in the beginning of his rule, having to do with both nobile causes and popular causes.
  • 65

    ST Peter

    ST Peter martyred under Nero and was burried on the siteof the present st Peters Basilica
  • 96

    The five good emperors

    The five good emperors
    he “five good emperors,” as they are usually called, were Nerva, Trajan, and Hadrian (who were related to one another only by adoption), and the two Antonines, Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius. ... In order to prevent any trouble at his death, he adopted Trajan as his successor and gave him a share in the government.
  • 125

    Pantheon constructed

    The Pantheon was the first Roman temple to be consecrated as a church, and doing so saved it from ruin because the church dedicated a great deal of wealth to maintain the building.
  • 235

    The third century crisis

    The Crisis of the Third Century began with the assassination of Severus Alexander in 235 AD, but even before his death, the Severan Dynasty had instigated some of the most important policies that would cause the crisis.
  • 312

    Constantine converts to christianity

    Constantine is the first Roman Emperor to convert to Christianity.
  • 410

    The fall of Rome

    The fall of Rome
    nvasions by Barbarian tribes. The most straightforward theory for Western Rome's collapse pins the fall on a string of military losses sustained against outside forces. Rome had tangled with Germanic tribes for centuries, but by the 300s “barbarian” groups like the Goths had encroached beyond the Empire's borders.
  • 476

    The last emperor of the west

    As emperor, Constantine enacted administrative, financial, social, and military reforms to strengthen the empire.
  • 800


    A medieval emperor who ruled much of Western Europe from 768 to 814. ... In 800, Pope Leo III (750-816) crowned Charlemagne emperor of the Romans. In this role, he encouraged the Carolingian Renaissance, a cultural and intellectual revival in Europe.
  • 1309


    Pope moves to Auignon under pressure of the french king
  • 1503


    Julius the 2nd founds the swiss guard
  • Alexander

    Reign of Alexander VII
  • French armies

    Nepolean Bonaparte leads french armies to war
  • Italy

    Republic of Italy established by Mazzini and Garibaldi in Rome.
  • Mussolini

    Mussolini marches on Rome then seizes power
  • Italy

    Italy signing the treaty of Rome
  • Olympics

    Rome hosts XVII olympic games
  • Polish Pope

    Polish Pope
    The death of the polish Pope