Louis XI was born at Bourges, France on July 3, 1423 to Charles VII and Marie d'Anjou. Before he became King of France, he tried several times to rebel against his father, all of which failed. When his father died in 1461, he took over the throne. He was nicknamed "The Spider" because he was devious, but also ugly. In 1477, he captured Burgundy after the death of Charles the Bold. He died of a stroke on October 30, 1483, but will always be know as "the founder of the national state of France."