Roman Empire Timeline

  • 31 BCE

    Start of Augustus's Rule as Emperor

    Rise to Power: Came to power following the Battle of Actium because he was seen as heroic; when he came home, he was made the first official Emperor of Rome
  • 28 BCE

    Emperor Augustus and Agrippa's Census

    Augustus commanded with Agrippa that a civil census be taken
  • 19 BCE

    Publication of the Aeneid

  • 5 BCE

    Birth of Jesus

  • 14

    Augustus dies, ending his reign as Emperor

    Death due to illness
  • 14

    Augustus's Posthumous Induction

    Emperor Augustus was inducted into the Roman state for gods posthumously
  • 14

    Tiberius succeeds Augustus as Emperor

    Rise to Power: Succeeded to emperorship a month after the death of Augustus
  • 14

    Start of the Julio-Claudian Dynasty

    14-68 AD
  • 19

    Tiberius-Germanicus Scandal

    Tiberius rumored to have killed Germanicus by hired men
  • 29

    Tiberius Orders Sejanus Execution

    Tiberius has Sejanus executed after he tries to take over power from Tiberius
  • 33

    Galba became consul

    was the son of consul Gaius and was favored by emperors Augustus and Tiberius which allowed him to become consul at a young age
  • 33

    Death of Jesus

  • 37

    Tiberius dies, ending his reign as Emperor

  • 37

    Caligula succeeds Tiberius as Emperor

    Rise to Power: Welcomed by the Romans in after Tiberius, who was a boring and ineffective ruler, died
  • 38

    Caligula: When attitudes are so fresh, they turn crazy

    Caligula gets sick and becomes permanently mentally unstable, unlike his fresh attitude that the Romans saw before his sickness; he becomes murderous and power-hungry
  • 40

    Caligula: A Paused Attempt

    Caligula leads a military troop to Britain/Gaul to seize it but stops before they can attack
  • 41

    Caligula dies, ending his reign as Emperor

    Caligula is murdered by associates after he became too power-hungry and began to have negative impact on Rome
  • 41

    Claudius unexpectedly becomes Emperor

    Claudius becomes emperor when Gaius was unexpectedly murdered and Claudius had lots of support from soldiers and courtiers
  • 41

    Claudius officially becomes emperor

  • 43

    Claudius invades Britain

  • 48

    Vitellius becomes consul

  • 51

    Vespasian becomes consul

  • 54

    Nero succeeds Claudius as Emperor

    Nero came to power following his mother’s murder of Claudius, his predecessor
  • 54

    Claudius dies mysteriously

    Some people believed Claudius was struck while watching actors but some Romans believe he was posined
  • 58

    Otho governs Lusitania

    was sent from Rome to govern Lusitania
  • 59

    Nero: The Boy Who Felt Pressure From His Mater

    Nero has his mother killed so he no longer has to be controlled by her
  • 60

    Galba is governor of nearer spain

    Galba becomes the governor of nearer spain and served there for 8 years
  • 64

    Nero: Arsonist or Emperor?

    The Great Fire of Rome breaks out and Nero gives minimal aid in the situation, some blame him for the cause of the fire
  • 64

    Great Fire of Rome

    Cause: Unknown but it began in the section of homes of the lower classes
  • 67

    Titus commands legion under Vespasian

  • 68

    Nero dies, ending his reign

    After being declared an enemy, Nero fled Rome and committed suicide but left no heirs
  • 68

    Galba caused Nero to commit suicide and then he becomes Emperor

    Ran a rebellion against Nero which caused him to commit suicide making Galba the new emperor.
  • 68

    Otho joins rebellion against Nero

    Otho joins the rebellion against Nero
  • 68

    Vitellius is appointed governor of lower germany

  • 68

    End of the Julio-Claudian Dynasty

    14-68 AD
  • 69

    Assassination of Galba

    Galba was assassinated by his guards in the Roman Forum
  • 69

    Otho rises to emperor after guards kill Galba

    Otho became emperor after he organized a conspiracy against the guards who killed Galba
  • 69

    Otho commits suicide

    committed suicide after his army was defeated at Bedriacum
  • 69

    Vitellius becomes emperor because of approval from troops

    Galba appointed him imperial governor of lower germany but the troops in Germany did not like Galba. However, the liked Vitellus and made him emperor and had support from all other armies
  • 69

    Vitellius is murdered

    Vietllius was murdered by Vespasian's army
  • 69

    Vespasian becomes emperor after Nero's death

    Vespasian becomes emperor after Nero's death and is the founder of the Flavian dynasty
  • 69

    Domitian remained unharmed in Rome during Civil Wars

  • 69

    Year of the Four Emperors

  • 69

    Start of the Flavian Dynasty

    69-96 AD
  • 70

    Titus conquers Jerusalem

  • 73

    Vespasian becomes a censor

  • 79

    Vespasian dies

  • 79

    Titus becomes Emperor after the death of Vespasian

    Vespasian is Titus father and is in line to take it over
  • 79

    Eruption of Mt. Vesuvius

  • 81

    Titus dies

  • 81

    Domitian comes to power after death of his brother

    Domitian comes to power after the death of his brother TItus
  • 85

    Domitian becomes censor for life

  • 90

    Nerva: Previous Government Work

    Nerva served as Roman consul before becoming emperor
  • 96

    Nerva succeeds Domitian as Emperor

    Nerva was chosen to become an emperor following the murder of Domitian
  • 96

    Domitian is murdered

    Domitian is murdered by two praetorian prefects
  • 96

    End of the Flavian Dynasty

    69-96 AD
  • 96

    Start of the five good emperors in power

    96-180 AD
    Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antonius Pius, Marcus Aurelius
  • 97

    Nerva: Feeling the Heat of Humiliation

    The Praetorian Guard left Nerva greatly humiliated as they threatened execution for those involved in the murder of Domitian
  • 98

    Nerva dies, ending his reign

    Died of natural causes, but it came shortly after being greatly humiliated
  • 98

    Trajan succeeds Nerva as Emperor

    Trajan came to power following the natural causes death of Nerva
  • 98

    Trajan: Punishing Those who Skirted the Law

    Trajan had the Praetorian Guards responsible for the murder during the time of Nerva executed
  • 115

    Trajan: Huge Expansion Guy

    Trajan expanded the Roman Empire to include the Parthian Empire but it would never expand any further
  • 117

    Trajan dies, ending his reign

    Trajan died of natural causes
  • 117

    Hadrian succeeds Trajan as Emperor

    Hadrian came into power after Trajan, his predecessor, died of natural causes
  • 123

    Hadrian: Part Narcissist, Part Territorial, Part Emperor

    Hadrian commissioned a wall to be built around the northern edge of the British area of the Roman Empire and it was known as Hadrian’s Wall
  • 125

    Hadrian: Artsy Guy wants the Pantheon back

    Hadrian commissioned that the Pantheon be completely rebuilt after it had burned down
  • 138

    Hadrian dies, ending his reign and the reigns of Emperors of Rome

    Hadrian dies of political exhaustion
  • 180

    End of the five good emperors

    96-180 AD
    Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antonius Pius, Marcus Aurelius
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  • Citations (pt. 1)

    “Augustus .” PBS, Public Broadcasting Service, www.pbs.org/empires/romans/empire/augustus.html
    Badian, E. “Aulus Vitellius.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 7 Feb. 2017, www.britannica.com/biography/Aulus-Vitellius.
    Britannica, The Editors of Encyclopaedia. “Otho.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 9 Apr. 2018, www.britannica.com/biography/Otho.
  • Citations (pt. 2)

    Britannica, The Editors of Encyclopaedia. “Titus.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 7 Feb. 2014, www.britannica.com/biography/Titus.
    Chilver, Guy Edward Farquhar. “Domitian.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 4 Apr. 2018, www.britannica.com/biography/Domitian.
    Chilver, Guy Edward Farquhar. “Vespasian.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 3 Apr. 2018, www.britannica.com/biography/Vespasian.
  • Citations (pt. 4)

    1) “The Aeneid” SparkNotes, www.sparknotes.com/lit/aeneid/facts/
    2) Akostenberger. “When Was Jesus Born, and When Did He Die?” Biblical Foundations, 17 Dec 2017, www.biblicalfoundations.org/when-was-jesus-born-and-when-did-he-die/.
    3)“Eruption of Mount Vesuvius Begins” History.com, A&E Television Networks, www.history.com/this-day-in-history/eruption-of-mount-vesuvius-begins
    4)“Nero's Rome Burns” History.com, A&E Television Networks, www.history.com/this-day-in-history/neros-rome-burns
  • Citation (pt. 3)

    Grant, Michael. “Augustus.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 13 Apr. 2018,
    “History - Historic Figures: Tiberius (42 BC - 37 AD).” BBC, BBC,
    Mark, Joshua J. “Hadrian.” Ancient History Encyclopedia, Ancient History Encyclopedia, 3 May 2018, www.ancient.eu/hadrian/.
    Momigliano, Arnaldo Dante. “Claudius.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 4 Apr. 2018 www.britannica.com/biography/Claudius-Roman-emperor