Rome's history

  • 753 BCE

    Rome was founded

    Rome was founded
    Ancient Rome was founded by the two brothers, known to be demi-gods, Romulus and Remus on 21 April 753 BCE. The legend claims that, in an argument over who would rule the city (or, in another version, where the city would be located) Romulus killed Remus and named the city after himself.
  • 600 BCE

    Rome was a province of Etruria

  • 509 BCE

    the republic begins

    it took nearly 250 years for the republic to start after the founding of rome
  • 450 BCE

    "Law of the 12 Tables" provides written Roman law

  • 390 BCE

    Gaulic invasion sacked Rome

  • 338 BCE

    The settlement of the Latin War

    the Romans faced a rebellion by their neighbouring Latin allies. After Rome emerged victorious, the settlement they imposed underpinned subsequent Roman conquests of Italy and overseas territories.
  • 265 BCE

    Rome completed the occupation of the Italian peninsula

  • 264 BCE

    start of punic war

    fought over control of the island of Sicily, and many of the crucial clashes were naval battles.
  • 241 BCE

    end of punic war

    Rome ultimately emerged victorious, and the war marked the end of Carthage as a regional power.
  • 238 BCE

    Conquest of Sardinia

  • 218 BCE

    Hannibal invades

    Hannibal invades
  • 122 BCE

    Hadrian's Wall

    A wall was built across the North of England and marked the northern boundary of the Roman Empire
  • 111 BCE

    spartucus was born

    spartucus was born
    spartucus would be a gladiator and a very strong soldier who plays many roles in the history of rome
  • 80 BCE

    Building of the Colosseum

    Building of the Colosseum
    One of the most iconic ancient buildings in Rome, the completion of the structure was a massive celebration.
  • 73 BCE

    spartacus slave uprising

    Spartacus, a gladiator, leads an army of slaves in a series of battles. Spartacus and his men were caught and crucified
  • 67 BCE

    Pompey in the East

    Although far less well known than Caesar’s conquest of Gaul (58–51 BC), the exploits of Pompey in the eastern Mediterranean were more significant in the expansion of Rome.
  • 64 BCE

    The Great Fire of Rome

    The Great Fire of Rome
    Most of the city is destroyed in a vast fire. Emperor Nero has often been blamed, but modern scholarship doubts this.
  • 45 BCE

    Julius Caesar becomes a dictator

    Julius Caesar becomes a dictator
    After Julius Caesar wins the civil war, he establishes himself as a dictator for life and supreme ruler of Rome, thus ending the Roman Republic.
  • 44 BCE

    The death of Julius Caesar

    The death of Julius Caesar
    On March 15th, known today as the Ides of March, Caesar is assassinated on the steps of the Senate by factions wishing to bring back the Republic
  • 31 BCE

    Augustus reintroduces monarchy to Rome

    The expansion of the empire destroyed the Roman Republic. Institutions designed for a small city-state could not rule a world empire. Above all, vast military campaigns required generals who commanded armies over wide territories for several years. By the last century BC, these generals would lead their armies against Rome and each other.
  • 27

    The Roman Empire begins

    The Roman Empire begins
    Even though Caesar was a dictator, the first leader to call himself ''Emperor'' or Augustus was Octavius.
  • 235

    the start of the third century crisis

    In the 50 years between AD 235 and 284, the Roman empire suffered chronic political and military instability. Amid endemic civil wars and defeats at the hands of barbarians, emperors came and went with bewildering rapidity. The average reign was no more than 18 months, and many survived for much shorter periods.
  • 284

    the end of the third century crisis

    This vicious circle was finally halted, and the empire given breathing space, by the emperor Diocletian (r284–305). He created the tetrarchy: a ‘college’ of four rulers, one for each of the major frontiers, and one in reserve.
  • 306

    Constantine becomes emperor

    Constantine becomes emperor
    This marks a change in the way that Christians were treated in Rome. Constantine himself became a Christian.
  • 312

    Constantine converts to Christianity

    At the battle of the Milvian Bridge in AD 312, the emperor Constantine sent his troops into combat with crosses painted on their shields. By the end of his life, he claimed that before the battle he had experienced a vision in which he was given the divine command: “in this sign conquer”. Constantine’s conversion to Christianity had a profound effect on European, and world, history.
  • 380

    Christianity becomes the official religion

    This will have an effect on the rest of European history to the present day
  • 395

    Rome splits

    In an effort to make administration of the vast empire easier, Rome becomes two separate empires (Western Roman Empire and Eastern Roman Empire) with two capitals and two rulers.
  • 410

    The attack of the Visigoths

    This marks the beginning of the fatal weakening of Rome that would lead to its downfall.
  • 476

    the fall of rome

    the fall of rome
    Romulus, the last of the Roman emperors in the west, was overthrown by the Germanic leader Odoacer, who became the first Barbarian to rule in Rome. The order that the Roman Empire had brought to western Europe for 1000 years was no more.
  • 1453

    The Byzantine Empire ends

    The Byzantine Empire comes to an end as it falls to the Ottoman Empire. The Ottoman Turks capture Constantinople in 1453 A.D. It is renamed Istanbul in 1930.