Constantine was born on February 27, after 280 CE in Naissus, Moesia and died May 22, 337, Ancyrona, near Nicomedia, Bithynia
Period: 306 to 337
Constantine the Great
Constantine the Great ruled
When he was going to fight, he saw a sign which is a cross and pi sign with the first two letters of Christ's name. He also claims to have heard a voice saying: "By this sign he will conquer"
Battle of the Milvian Bridge (Constantine)
Constantine in alliance with Licinius defeated Maxtentius at the Milvian Bridge, over the Tiber River, when Maxtentius drowned.
Edict of Milan (Constantine)
Constantine and Licinius proclaimed toleration to all religions in the empire, even though it didn't last long.
Theodosius was born on January 11, 347 CE in Cauca, Gallaecia and died January 17, 395 in Mediolanum
Period: 379 to 395
Theodosius I ruled
Faith Prescription (Theodosius)
Without consulting the ecclesiastical authorities, he issued an official order prescribing a creed in order to include all individuals.
Gothic War (Theodosius)
The Gothic War took place between 376-382.
Civil War (Theodosius)
Theodosius I successively defeated the usurper Magnus Maximus. Theodosius saw himself obligated to fight against Magnus Maximus, since he murdered Gratian and proclaimed himself emperor of the west.
Justinian was born in 483 in Tauresium, Dardania and died November 14, 565 in Constantinople
Period: 527 to 565
Justinian the Great
Justinian the Great ruled
Nika Riots (Justinian)
The populace was angry over the raise of taxes. Justinian told people to gather in the Hippodrome to passively talk about it, but he shut the gate and the soldiers killed everyone in the Hippodrome.
Hagia Sophia (Justinian)
The Hagia Sophia was a christian church built in 6 years. It was built so that Justinian could demonstrate he is a strong emperor, even after the Nika Riots.
Plague of Justinian
It was one of the deadliest plagues in history, caused by pests. Justinian claimed that it was a sign from the gods against him.
Heraclius was born on 575 in Cappadocia and died February 11, 641 in Constantinople
Period: 610 to 641
Heraclius I ruled
Empire's Language (Heraclius)
In 620 CE, Heraclius changed the official language of the empire from latin to greek
He tried to promote Monothelitism, a teaching in which the divine and human relate in the person of Jesus.
True Cross (Heraclius)
Heraclius returned the True Cross, which is one of the most important relics for Christianity, to Jerusalem
Irene was born on 752 in Athens and died August 9, 803 in Lesbos
End of Iconoclasm (Irene)
Irene ended with iconoclasm, which is the destruction of religious images or paintings
First Empress (Irene)
Irene of Athens was the first empress of the Byzantine Empire
Period: 797 to 802
Irene of Athens
Irene of Athens also known as Irene Sarantapechaina ruled. She also ruled as empress consort from 775 to 780, and empress dowager and regent from 780 to 797
Irene was banished, after she tried to negotiate a marriage with Charlemagne, so patricians conspired against her and she was banished
Basil was born on 957/958 and died December 15, 1025
Period: 976 to 1025
Basil II ruled
Zoe was born on 978 in Constantinople and died on 1050 in Constantinople
Rebellion of Bardas Skleros (Basil)
Basil II had to cancel a rebellion led by the aristocrat Bardas Skleros, a general who continued in the privileged position he had enjoyed under previous emperors.
She was born on 980 and died August 31, 1056
Slayer of the Bulgars (Basil)
From 986 until 1014 there was warfare between Byzantium and Bulgaria.Year by year he slowly advanced into Tsar Samuel’s territory. Finally, he advanced toward Samuel’s capital and won when he left one eye to each 100th soldier
Virgin to Battle (Basil)
Basil was a peaceful man and is known for carrying a statue of the Virgin to Battle. There are many battle where he carried Mary the Virgin. (995: War in Syria - example)
Period: 1028 to 1050
Empress Zoe ruled
Michael IV the Paphlagonian banished Zoe to a monastery, at her age of 56
Zoe turned the Hagia Sophia into a mosque
Co-empress with Zoe (Theodora)
Theodora and Zoe were sisters and they always fought for power. Zoe adopted a child to raise to power. In 1042, Theodora was made co-empress
Period: 1042 to 1056
Empress Theodora Porphyrogenita ruled
After her sister's death in 1050, she was fierce enough to oppose court officials and military. Theodora was a strong empress, but shortly after, she became ill and died