WORLD HISTORY

  • 395

    395 AD Division of the Roman Empire

    395 AD Division of the  Roman Empire
    Division of the Roman Empire forming the Eastern Roman Empire and the Western Roman Empire .
  • Period: 395 to 1453

    Byzantine Empire

  • Period: 395 to 476

    Western Roman Empire

  • 418

    Visigoth Kingdom

    Visigoth Kingdom
    The visigoths defeated the Romans and made a great Empire in Hispania and part of France until the muslim invasion in 711.
  • Period: 418 to 720

    Visigoth Kingdom

    The visigoths managed to enter into the Roman Empire and made their Empire in Hispania and part of France.
  • 476

    476 AD FALL OF WESTERN ROMAN EMPIRE

    476 AD FALL OF WESTERN ROMAN EMPIRE
    The Germanic Kingdoms conquered Rome and all the Western Roman Empire
  • Period: 476 to 900

    EARLY MIDDLE AGES

  • Period: 527 to 565

    Emperor Justinan

    The Byzantine Empire reached it's peak under the rule of this emperor.
  • 534

    534 AD Construction of Hagia Sophia

    534 AD Construction of Hagia Sophia
    The Emperor Justinain constructed one of the most incredible cathedrals on all the Middle Ages . It was a masterpiece of the byzantine architecture.
  • 565

    Rule of Justinian

    Rule of Justinian
    The Byzantine Emperor Justinian made a very prosper time to the Byzantine Empire by conquering different territories.
  • 622

    622 AD BEGGINING OF ISLAMIC EMPIRE

    622 AD BEGGINING OF ISLAMIC EMPIRE
    The Islmic Empire was created
  • Period: 622 to 632

    Rule of Muhammad

    He was the first caliph and creator of the Islam.
  • Period: 622 to 1258

    ISLAM

  • Period: 632 to 661

    First Caliphs

    They were the successors of Muhammad.
  • 634

    Byzantine-Sassanid war

    Byzantine-Sassanid war
    Between the 6th and 7th century was a long war that weekend both Empires and ended with a Byzantine victory.
  • Period: 661 to 750

    Umayyad's dinasty

    A new family was victoriuos and satyed in the power.
  • 680

    Loose of Byzantines provinces

    Loose of Byzantines provinces
    After the war of the Byzantines and Persians the two empires were exhausted and the musulmans took advantage of that, they defeated the Persians completely and took some provinces away to the Byzantine Empire.
  • 711

    711 AD Islamic Empire conquered most of the of the Iberian Peninsula

    711 AD Islamic Empire conquered most of the of the Iberian Peninsula
  • 711

    Battle of Guadalete

    Battle of Guadalete
    The musulmans won a battle against the Visigoth King Rodrigo, securing they way into the Iberian Peninsula.
  • Period: 711 to 1492

    Reconquista

  • Period: 715 to 843

    CAROLINGIAN EMPIRE

    Was one of the leadin power in the Early Middle Ages until it´s disolve in the year 843.
  • Period: 715 to 741

    Charles Martel ( Founder of an Empire)

    He reunited the Frankish Kingdom and stopped the musulmans at Poitiers. He became a legend.
  • Period: 717 to 843

    Iconoclastic Controversy

    Was a period were the State and Church of the Byzantine Empire were confronted by the way of idolatrion of images that the society had.
  • 722

    Battle of Covadonga

    Battle of Covadonga
    The christians in the north of Spain managed to win a musulman incursion in their territory.
  • 732

    Battle of Poitiers

    Battle of Poitiers
    The Franks managed to stop the musulman advance in the battle of Poitiers.
  • Period: 750 to 945

    Abbasid's dinasty

    The Umayyad's were expulsed an the Abbasid's took control of the power.
  • Period: 751 to 768

    Pepin the Short ( First Frankish King)

    Charles son, Pepin, took control of the Kingdom and was proclaimed King, he established an alliance with the Roman Church and also the Carolingian dinasty.
  • Period: 768 to 814

    Charlemagne ( Holy Roman Emperor )

    The alliance that his father made with the church was strengthened, and the Pope titled Charles I as the Holy Roman Emperor with the name of Charlemagne. The peak of this Carolingian Empire was under his rule, he conquered many territories and promoted the preservation of art and literatura.
  • 778

    Battle of Roncesvalles

    Battle of Roncesvalles
    The basques on the north of Spain managed to win a battle against the Carolingian Empire
  • 793

    Vikings

    Vikings
    They caused the terror in many european places like Britain or France, but they travelled and comerce even in places like Russia or Constantinople.
  • Period: 793 to 1085

    Vikings

    The people from Norway , Sweden and Dinmarc were called vikings , in order to look for jewelery and a better way of life they invaded may places from Europe like the British Islands , France....
  • 797

    Charlemagne extends his border areas.

    Charlemagne extends his border areas.
    Charlemagne conquered many territories by fighting against avars and saxons in the north and musulmans in the south.
  • 800

    800 AD Charlemagne is crowned emperor

    800 AD Charlemagne is crowned emperor
    Charlomagne is crowned emperor by the church forming the Carolignian Empire. Creating the the most powerful empire on the Early Middle Ages, yhis empire was also very important in the art and literature. It's peak was under the rule of Charlemagne.
  • Period: 840 to 843

    Division of Carolingian Empire

    Charlemagne's son Lois divided the Empire among his sons. After his death the three sons fought in a civil war that ended in 843 with the trety of Verdun, were the Empire was divided in three. The central one was taken by the Western and Eastern ones. Forming the present day nations of France and Germany.
  • Period: 1000 to 1200

    HIGH MIDDLE AGES

  • 1054

    Orthodox Christians

    Orthodox Christians
    At the 11th century there was a schism, after that many catholics like the Byzantines transformed into Orthodox.
  • 1096

    Western Crusaders

    Western Crusaders
    In the 11th century, the crusaders conquered the Holy Land and cities like Jerusalén and stayed there for 100 years.
  • 1204

    Fourth Crusade

    Fourth Crusade
    The crusadres enter into Constantinople ,established a new emperor and the Latin Empire. The Byzantine Empire was later restored.
  • 1212

    Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa

    Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa
    An army made by The kingdom of Castilla, Aragon and Navarra defeated the musulmans , securing the way to the south.
  • 1258

    Mongols

    Mongols
    In the 13th century the mongols destroyed Baghdad. The caliphs lost all of their political power.
  • Period: 1300 to 1492

    LATE MIDDLE AGES

  • Period: 1304 to 1520

    HUMANISM

    Was a philosophical and cultural movement that started in Italy in the 14th century, it spread to Europe and the main principles were : anthropocentrism, scientific curiosity and inspiration in classical antiquity.
  • 1337

    Hundred's Years War

    Hundred's Years War
    Was one of the biggest and worst war of the Middle Ages between the Frenches and English.
    They last from 1337-1453. Joan of Arc was one of the most destacables figures.
  • Period: 1337 to 1453

    Hundred's years war

    A war between the Britains and Frenches started to control the French Britain and also by political problems, Joan of Arc was a memorable french soldier.
  • 1440

    PRINTING PRESS

    PRINTING PRESS
    The German Johannes Gutenberg invented the printing press.
    This caused a greater spread and development of the Humanism, Renaissance and Reformation books.
  • 1453

    1453 AD Fall of Constantinople

    1453 AD Fall of Constantinople
    The turks ( Ottoman Empire ) conquered the city making the fall of the Byzantine Empire, and they made the city their capital, but they called it Istanbul.
  • 1453

    Ottoman Empire

    Ottoman Empire
    The turks, started to conquer the territories of the musulmans and they also defeated the Byzantine empire.
  • 1492

    1492 AD Discovery of America

    1492 AD Discovery of America
    Cristóbal Colón made an expedition to Asia but instead he discovered a new continent.
  • 1492

    End of the Reconquista

    End of the Reconquista
    In the year 1492 the Catholics Kings managed to conquer the city of Granada, expulsing the musulmans and finishing the Reconquista.
  • 1492

    LA GRAMÁTICA CASTELLANA

    LA GRAMÁTICA CASTELLANA
    This was the title of the book wrote by Antonio de Nebrija. I t was very important ( especially in Spain ) because it was the first book wrote in Spanish grammar.
  • 1499

    UNIVERSITY OF ALCALÁ DE HENARES

    UNIVERSITY OF ALCALÁ DE HENARES
    Cardinal Cisneros founded this university which became the centre of humanism during the reign of Carlos I. It was also one of the most important universities in Europe.
  • 1511

    ERASMUS OF ROTTERDAM

    ERASMUS OF ROTTERDAM
    Was a very important philosopher and writer in the Humanism Europe, he was from Holland and crictised the figures of his society and also the religion figures. One of his mosts notable works is (Enchomion moriae seu laus stultitiae ) ( The Praise of Folly, 1511), that it is a satirical attack on superstitions and other traditions of European society as well as on the Western Church.
  • 1516

    UTOPIA

    UTOPIA
    Was a book wrote by Thomas More ( English lawyer ) that cricticised the society of his time and proposed a new model of social organisation.
  • 1524

    LUIS VIVES

    LUIS VIVES
    Was one pf the most importants philosophers, writers and thinkers of the Humanism Europe. He was from Spain ( Valencia) and one of his mosts destacable books is ( Introductio ad sapientiam, 1524 ) one of his most important pedagogical Works.