The Heirs of Rome: Byzantium, Islam, and Latin Christendom

  • 1274 BCE

    Antiquity Starts with Egypt 1274 B.C.

    Antiquity Starts with Egypt 1274 B.C.
    Egypt 1274 B.C. The rise of Egypt as a world power was steady over two thousand years. Egypt was basically a set of villages that defended the fertile Nile River Valley on both sides from foreigners trying to settle there.
  • 1200 BCE

    Etruscans reached northern Italy

    Etruscans reached northern Italy
  • Period: 1200 BCE to 1453

    Roman History Timeline

  • Period: 1200 BCE to 509 BCE

    ROMAN MONARCHY

  • 1000 BCE

    Archaic Period 1000-500 B.C.E.

    Archaic Period 1000-500 B.C.E.
    Founding of the Period (Archaic Period)
    1000-500 B.C.E. Italian Peninsula, occupied by a mysterious group of people named the Etruscans. They are from the Eastern Mediterranean, and are thought to be the ancestors of the Roman people. Living in small, fortified city-states, Etruscans formed small confederacies with other city-states. Each were ruled by a monarch, but late ruled by oligarchies.
  • 1000 BCE

    Rome was founded in 1000 B.C.

    Rome was founded in 1000 B.C.
  • Period: 1000 BCE to 500 BCE

    Archaic Period 1000-500 B.C.E

    Founding of the Period "1000-500 B.C.E" The Italian Peninsula was occupied by a mysterious group of people called the Etruscans. They are from the Eastern Mediterranean, and are thought to be the ancestors of the Roman people. Living in small, fortified city-states, the Etruscans formed small confederacies with other city-states. Each was ruled by a monarch, but late ruled by oligarchies.
  • 800 BCE

    Greeks established colonies throughout southern Italy, 800-500 BCE

    Greeks established colonies throughout southern Italy, 800-500 BCE
  • 800 BCE

    Phoenicians established Carthage on the north coast of Africa

    Phoenicians established Carthage on the north coast of Africa
    800 BCE
  • 753 BCE

    Village of Rome founded

    Village of Rome founded
    about 753 BCE village of Rome founded
    ROMAN MONARCHY
  • 753 BCE

    The Mythical Founding of Rome by Romulus

    The Mythical Founding of Rome by Romulus
    The Mythical Founding of Rome by Romulus
    753 B.C.E
  • 753 BCE

    The 7 Kings of Rome 753-509 B.C.E

    The 7 Kings of Rome 753-509 B.C.E
    The 7 Kings of Rome
    Starting with Romulus, founded the city, seven legendary kings are said to have ruled Rome until 509 B.C.E, when the last king was overthrown. These kings ruled for 35 years each
  • 700 BCE

    Agriculture Becomes Basis of Roman Economy

    Agriculture Becomes Basis of Roman Economy
    700s B.C.E "Agriculture Becomes Basis of Roman Economy"
  • 612 BCE

    Assyrians now considered to be the worlds first Empire. 612 B.C.

    Assyrians now considered to be the worlds first Empire.  612 B.C.
    Assyria is considered to be the worlds first Empire. They competed with Babylonia and Egypt for dominance in the Middle East for centuries.
  • 600 BCE

    Rome was a province of Etruria

    Rome was a province of Etruria
    600 BCE, Rome was a province of Etruria
  • 550 BCE

    Persian Empire elite force of soldiers

    Persian Empire elite force of soldiers
    The first Persian Empire (550 BC – 330 BC), called the Achaemenid Empire, is known for having an elite force of soldiers.
  • 522 BCE

    Darius ruled as sole superpower in the world

    Darius ruled as sole superpower in the world
    Darius ruled for thirty-six years, over the sole superpower in the world at the time.
    September 522 BCE to
    October 486 BCE (36 years)
  • 509 BCE

    Romans revolted against the Etruscan kings and created the system of government by the Senate and Assembly

    Romans revolted against the Etruscan kings and created the system of government by the Senate and Assembly
    The revolt in 509 BCE
  • 509 BCE

    Roman Republic

    Roman Republic
    The Roman Republic was the era of ancient Roman civilization
    509 BC, and ending in 27 BC with the establishment of the Roman Empire
  • 509 BCE

    THE CONQUEST OF ITALY Begins

    THE CONQUEST OF ITALY Begins
    THE CONQUEST OF ITALY begin in 509 BC
    The Coming Muslim Conquest of Italy: Will We Have to Ransom the Treasures of the Vatican
  • 494 BCE

    disputes between patricians (wealthy landowners who controlled the Senate) and plebeians (ordinary citizens)

    disputes between patricians (wealthy landowners who controlled the Senate) and plebeians (ordinary citizens)
    494 BCE begin
  • Period: 494 BCE to 265 BCE

    THE CONQUEST OF ITALY

  • 450 BCE

    "Law of the 12 Tables" provides written Roman law

    "Law of the 12 Tables" provides written Roman law
    450 BCE
  • 390 BCE

    Gaulic invasion sacked Rome

    Gaulic invasion sacked Rome
    390 BCE
  • 343 BCE

    Roman expansion into Italia (343 - 282 bc)

    Roman expansion into Italia (343 - 282 bc)
  • 282 BCE

    War with Pyrrhus

    War with Pyrrhus
    War with Pyrrhus, 282-272 BCE
  • 265 BCE

    Rome completed the occupation of the Italian peninsula

    Rome completed the occupation of the Italian peninsula
    Rome completed the occupation of the Italian peninsula in 265 BCE
  • 264 BCE

    First war with Carthage (First Punic War)

    First war with Carthage (First Punic War)
    264-241 BCE was the first war with Carthage (First Punic War)
  • Period: 264 BCE to 146 BCE

    THE CONQUEST OF THE MEDITERRANEAN

  • 238 BCE

    Conquest of Sardinia

    Conquest of Sardinia
    238 BCE Conquest of Sardinia
  • 218 BCE

    Second Punic War (Hannibal crossed the Alps)

    218-201 BCE Second Punic War (Hannibal crossed the Alps)
  • 215 BCE

    First Macedonian War

    215-205 BCE First Macedonian War
  • 215 BCE

    First Macedonian War

    215-205 BCE First Macedonian War
  • 200 BCE

    Second Macedonian War

    200-197 BCE Second Macedonian War
  • 200 BCE

    Gaul invasion of northern Italy

    200-191 BCE Gaul invasion of northern Italy
  • 192 BCE

    Syrian War conflict between Rome and the Seleucid empire

    Syrian War conflict between Rome and the Seleucid empire
    192-189 BCE Syrian War
    Syrian War: conflict between Rome and the Seleucid empire (192-188). Outbreak of war; Antiochus' adviser Hannibal advises an invasion of Italy
  • 171 BCE

    Third Macedonian War

    Third Macedonian War
    171-168 was the Third Macedonian War
  • 135 BCE

    First Servile War (slave revolt)

    First Servile War (slave revolt)
    135-132 BCE First Servile War (slave revolt)
  • Period: 135 BCE to 14 BCE

    THE END OF THE ROMAN REPUBLIC

  • 14

    Tiberius, stepson of Caesar Augustus, became emperor in 14CE

    Tiberius, stepson of Caesar Augustus, became emperor in 14CE
    14-37 CE Tiberius, stepson of Caesar Augustus, became emperor
  • Period: 37 to 285

    THE ROMAN EMPIRE

    37CE-285CE
  • 96

    The period of the "Five Good Emperors"

    The period of the "Five Good Emperors"
    96-180 CE The period of the "Five Good Emperors"
  • 305

    Constantine became the first Christian emperor

    Constantine became the first Christian emperor
    305 CE Constantine became the first Christian emperor
  • Period: 305 to 330

    THE CHRISTIAN ROMAN EMPIRE

    305CE-330CE
  • Period: 337 to 387

    THE FALL OF THE WESTERN ROMAN EMPIRE

    337CE-387CE
  • 408

    A new Eastern Emperor, Theodosius II, took office at age 7

    A new Eastern Emperor, Theodosius II, took office at age 7
    "408-450 CE" Theodosius II, took office at age 7.
  • 435

    The Eastern Roman Emperor recognized the independence of the Vandal kingdom in Africa

    435 CE is when the Eastern Roman Emperor recognized the independence of the Vandal kingdom in Africa
  • 439

    The Vandals conquered the city of Carthage

    439 CE is when the Vandals conquered the city of Carthage
  • 450

    Attila led the Huns, another barbarian group, into Gaul

    450 CE Attila led the Huns, another barbarian group, into Gaul
  • 450

    Marcian, a general and brother-in-law of Theodosius II, became the new Eastern Emperor

    450 CE wes when Marcian, a general and brother-in-law of Theodosius II, became the new Eastern Emperor.
  • 455

    The Vandals, led by Gaiseric, sacked Rome

    455 CE The Vandals, led by Gaiseric, sacked Rome
  • 476

    first time, a barbarian, Romulus Augustus, was named Western Emperor by barbarian generals

    476 CE was the first time, a barbarian, Romulus Augustus, was named Western Emperor by barbarian generals
  • 527

    Justinian (Eastern Roman Emperor) reconquered Italy

    Justinian (Eastern Roman Emperor) reconquered Italy
    THE AFTERMATH in 527-565 CE
    Justinian (Eastern Roman Emperor) reconquered Italy
  • 1453

    Constantinople conquered by Ottoman Muslims

    Constantinople conquered by Ottoman Muslims
    Constantinople conquered by Ottoman Muslims in 1453 CE