The Roman Empire

By dhh6344
  • 753 BCE

    Rome Is Founded

    Rome Is Founded
    Romulus founds Rome as a city and becomes its king. He builds an army and makes the most noble men patricians. He also made the elders of Rome the senate.
  • Period: 753 BCE to 509 BCE

    Kingdom of Rome

    The time-span of when Rome would be ruled by a king.
  • Period: 750 BCE to 725 BCE

    Iliad and Odyssey

    Homer's Iliad and Odyssey were created sometime around this time span.
  • 630 BCE

    Sappho

    Sappho
    It was around this time that Sappho, a famous Greek poet, was born. She was most known for her poems on love.
  • 580 BCE

    Pythagoras

    Pythagoras
    It was around this time that the Pythagoras, a famous Greek philosopher and mathematician, was born.
  • Period: 509 BCE to 27 BCE

    The Roman Republic

    During this period, Rome would be ruled by two consuls who would usually be elected each year.
  • 500 BCE

    Circus Maximus

    Circus Maximus
    This is believed to be around the time that the original Circus Maximus was built. However, the real date and even century are still up to speculation.
  • 469 BCE

    Socrates

    Socrates
    It was around this time that the famous Greek philosopher Socrates was born.
  • 429 BCE

    Plato

    Plato
    It was around this year that the famous Greek philosopher Plato was born.
  • 384 BCE

    Aristotle

    Aristotle
    It was around this time that the famous Greek philosopher Aristotle was born.
  • Period: 365 BCE to 275 BCE

    Euclid

    This is the lifespan of the famous Greek mathematician, Euclid. He made many discoveries in Geometry and also logically proved the Pythagorean Theorem.
  • 312 BCE

    Via Appia I

    Via Appia I
    The construction of the Via Appia begins and the path from Rome to Capua is finished under the Censor Appius Claudius Caecus.
  • 312 BCE

    Aqua Appia

    Aqua Appia
    Rome's first Aqueduct, the 16 kilometer long Aqua Appia was built. It was also built by Appius Claudius Caecus.
  • 244 BCE

    Via Appia II

    Via Appia II
    By this time, the Via Appia had been expanded by about 370 kilometers to reach the port of Brundisium around the heel of Italy.
  • Period: 234 BCE to 149 BCE

    Cato

    This is the lifespan of the famous Roman historian and writer, Cato. He was once a Roman consul and also has repaired Rome's aqueducts in the past. His most famous work is his "Origines" that is a series of seven books.
  • 190 BCE

    Cornelia Africana

    Cornelia Africana
    It was around this time that Cornelia Africana, a famous Roman woman, was born. She married Tiberius Gracchus the Elder, had 12 children with him(only three would survive childhood), and still managed to live to the age of 90. Two of these children were the famous Gracchi brothers. She was very politically active during the political careers of her sons.
  • 146 BCE

    The Temple of Jupiter Stator

    The Temple of Jupiter Stator
    It was during this time that the Temple of Jupiter Stator was completed. It was the first building in Rome to be made entirely out of marble. Its style and design would continue to be present in other Roman Architecture. Its style is even sometimes seen in American architecture such as the Lincoln Memorial.
  • 140 BCE

    Aqua Marcia

    Aqua Marcia
    Rome was in dire need for a larger water supply so the Praetor, Marcus Rex, was tasked with building the Aqua Marcia. It was funded using the spoils from Carthage in the recent Punic Wars.
  • Period: 106 BCE to 43 BCE

    Cicero

    Lifespan of the famous Roman orator, Cicero.
  • 100 BCE

    Julius Caesar

    Julius Caesar
    Arguably the most famous Romans. He was an extremely important general, politician, and statesman. Caesar managed to conquer Gaul and greatly expand Rome and its power. He even had a play written about him and the month of July named after him.
  • Period: 100 BCE to 44 BCE

    Julius Caesar

    The lifespan of Julius Caesar. He was a very famous Roman general and leader. After his death, Caesar was recognized as a Roman God.
  • Period: 99 BCE to 55 BCE

    Lucretius

    This is the lifespan of Lucretius, a famous Roman philosopher and poet. His most well known work was "De Rerum Natura", translated to "On the Nature of Things"
  • Period: 87 BCE to 54 BCE

    Catullus

    The lifespan of the famous Roman poet, Catullus.
  • 83 BCE

    Fulvia

    Fulvia
    It was around this time that Fulvia, a famous Roman woman who influenced Roman politics was born. She married three important figures in Roman history. Her first husband was the Roman politician Clodius Pulcher; he once ran for praetor but was murdered by his competition. Her second husband was Scribonius Curio, another famous Roman politician, one who won an election and became a tribune. Curio died in the campaign led by Julius Caesar.
  • 83 BCE

    Fulvia cont...

    Fulvia cont...
    Her third husband was the extremely famous Roman figure, Marc Antony. Fulvia married men who were populists and supported them with the influence she gained over the people who supported her first husband. She was the first female (excluding mythological figures) to be on a Roman coin.
  • Period: 78 BCE to 10 BCE

    Vitruvius

    This was the lifespan of the famous Roman architect, Vitruvius. His most well known piece is "De Architectura".
  • 75 BCE

    The Ampitheatre of Pompeii

    The Ampitheatre of Pompeii
    The Ampitheatre of Pompeii is built. This is the oldest surviving Roman ampitheatre that we know about.
  • Period: 70 BCE to 19 BCE

    Virgil

    This was the lifespan of Virgil, a famous Roman poet. His most famous work was the Aeneid
  • Period: 59 BCE to 17

    Livy

    The lifespan of the famous Roman historian Livy. His most famous work was "Ad Urbe Condita".
  • 58 BCE

    Livia Drusilla

    Livia Drusilla
    It was around this time that Livia Drusilla (also known as Julia Augusta) was born. She was Augustus Caesar's wife and adviser throughout his reign. She was the mother of emperor TIberius and the paternal grandmother of emperor Claudius. During the reign of Tiberius, she had a lot of unofficial power in the government, the senate wanted to give her the title, "Mater Patriae"(Mother of the Fatherland).
  • 27 BCE

    Augustus Caesar

    Augustus Caesar
    Originally named Octavian, Augustus was the first emperor of Rome. He managed to defeat Marc Antony and Egypt. As emperor, he created a new constitution with the senate and built many new aqueducts, roads, and buildings.
  • Period: 27 BCE to 14

    The Golden Age of Latin Literature

  • Period: 27 BCE to 14

    Augustus Caesar

    Reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 27 BCE to 476

    The [Western] Roman Empire

    It was during this time that Rome became truly powerful and successful under the rule of emperors.
  • 19 BCE

    The Arch of Augustus

    The Arch of Augustus
    The Arch of Augustus was built in commemoration of Rome's victory over the Parthians.
  • Period: 14 to 37

    Tiberius

    Reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 18 to 133

    The Silver Age of Latin Literature

  • Period: 23 to 79

    Pliny the Elder

    Lifespan of Pliny the Elder, a famous Roman historian and scientist.
  • Period: 37 to 41

    Caligula

    Reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 41 to 54

    Claudius

    Reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 46 to 120

    Plutarch

    This is the lifespan of Plutarch who was a famous Greek and then Roman historian and biographer. He wrote biographies of many Roman emperors. His most famous work was his "Parallel Lives" that included the lives of many famous Romans.
  • 50

    Pont du Gard Aqueduct

    Pont du Gard Aqueduct
    A portion of the Nimes Aqueduct is built in Pont du Gard in France. This portion of the aqueduct is 49 meters tall making it the largest aqueduct ever.
  • 54

    Nero

    Nero
    Considered to be a madman of an emperor. He came into power when his mother murdered his stepfather, Claudius. Nero later had his mother and his first wife executed. Nero later married a male slave that he had had castrated. It was during his rule that the "Great Fire of Rome" burnt down much of Rome which he blamed on the Christians.
  • Period: 54 to 68

    Nero

    Reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • 64

    The Great Fire of Rome

    The Great Fire of Rome
    It was this time that there was a devastating urban fire in Rome. It greatly damaged much of the city and lasted six day. Many people blamed Nero for the fire but Nero blamed and persecuted the Christians for the fire.
  • 65

    Circus Maximus

    Circus Maximus
    The Circus Maximus is rebuilt to hold up to a quarter of a million people. It was used for chariot racing, gladiator battles, and many games.
  • Period: 68 to 69

    Galba

    Reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • 69

    Year of the Four Emperors

    Year of the Four Emperors
    Galba
    Otho
    Vitellius
    Vespasian
  • Period: 69 to 79

    Vespasian

    Reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • 72

    Colosseum I

    Colosseum I
    The construction of the Roman Colosseum is begun by Emperor Vespasian.
  • 79

    Eruption of Mount Vesuvius

    Eruption of Mount Vesuvius
    Mount Vesuvius erupted, destroying the cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum.
  • Period: 79 to 81

    Titus

    Reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • 80

    Colosseum II

    Colosseum II
    Eight years into the construction of the Colosseum, Emperor Titus opens it up to the public for 100 days of gladiator shows.
  • 81

    The Arch of Titus

    The Arch of Titus
    The Arch of Titus is built in commemoration for his successful conquest of Jerusalem.
  • Period: 81 to 96

    Domitian

    Reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • 96

    Colosseum III

    Colosseum III
    The construction of the Colosseum is finalized under the reign of Domitian.
  • Period: 96 to 98

    Nerva

    Reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • 98

    Trajan

    Trajan
    His reign as emperor was widely praised. It was during is reign that the Roman Empire reached its largest size as he managed to conquer the kingdom of Dacia. He also built and improved a lot of the infrastructure in the Roman Empire. He also set up an imperial fund to help the poor (especially their children) of Rome.
  • Period: 98 to 117

    Trajan

    Reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • 113

    Trajan's Column

    Trajan's Column
    Trajan's Column is built in commemoration for his successful campaigns in Dacia.
  • 117

    The Roman Empire at its Largest

    The Roman Empire at its Largest
    It was at this time, by the end of Trajan's reign as emperor of Rome, that the Roman Empire had reached the largest size in land that it would grow to.
  • Period: 117 to 138

    Hadrian

    Reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 129 to 210

    Galen

    This is the lifespan of the famous Greek physician who was in the Roman Empire. Galen made many discoveries in the study of human anatomy such as how the brain controls the rest of the body.
  • Period: 138 to 161

    Antonius Pius

    Reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 161 to 180

    Marcus Aurelius

    Reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 161 to 169

    Lucius Verus

    Had a joint rule with Marcus Aurelius.
  • Period: 177 to 192

    Commodus

    Reign as Emperor of Rome. Had joint rule with his father, Marcus Aurelius for his first three yeas as emperor.
  • 193

    Year of the Five Emperors

    Year of the Five Emperors
    Pertinax
    Didius Julianus
    Pescennius Niger
    Claudius Albinus
    Septimius Severus
  • Period: 193 to 193

    Pertinax

    Reign as Emperor of Rome. Was murdered by the Praetorian Guard.
  • Period: 193 to 193

    Didius Julianus

    Reign as Emperor of Rome. He became emperor through bidding in an auction.
  • Period: 193 to 194

    Pescennius Niger

    Reign as Emperor of Rome. He was the first black emperor of Rome
  • Period: 193 to 197

    Claudius Albinus

    Reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 193 to 211

    Septimius Severus

    Reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 198 to 217

    Caracalla

    Reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 209 to 212

    Geta

    Reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 217 to 218

    Macrinus

    Reign as Emperor of Rome. He murdered Caracalla.
  • Period: 218 to 222

    Elagabalus

    Reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 222 to 235

    Alexander Severus

    Reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 235 to 238

    Maximinus Thrax

    Reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • 238

    Year of the Six Emperors

    Year of the Six Emperors
    Maximinus Thrax
    Gordian I
    Gordian II
    Balbinus
    Pupienus
    Gordian III
  • Period: 238 to 244

    Gordian III

    Reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 244 to 249

    Philip and Philip II

    Their shared reign as Emperors of Rome.
  • Period: 249 to 251

    Trajan Decius and Herennius Etruscus

    Their shared reign as Emperors of Rome.
  • Period: 251 to 251

    Hostilian

    Reign as Emperor of Rome, died from plague.
  • Period: 251 to 253

    Trebonianus Gallus and Volusian

    Their reign as Emperors of Rome.
  • Period: 253 to 253

    Aemilian

    Reign as Emperor of Rome for three months.
  • Period: 253 to 260

    Valerian

    Joint reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 253 to 268

    Gallienus

    Joint reign and then independent reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 268 to 270

    Claudius II

    Reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 270 to 270

    Quintillus

    Short reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 270 to 275

    Aurelian

    Reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 275 to 276

    Tacitus

    Reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 276 to 276

    Florianus

    Short reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 276 to 282

    Probus

    Reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 282 to 283

    Carus

    Reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 283 to 284

    Numerian

    Reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 283 to 285

    Carinus

    Reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 286 to 305

    Maximianus

    Reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 305 to 306

    Constantius Chlorus

    Reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 306 to 312

    Maxentius

    Joint reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 306 to 307

    Severus

    Joint reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 307 to 337

    Constantine

    Joint reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 307 to 308

    Maximian

    Joint reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 337 to 340

    Constantine

    Joint reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 337 to 350

    Constans

    Joint reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 337 to 361

    Constantius II

    Joint reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 360 to 363

    Julian

    Joint reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 363 to 364

    Jovian

    Reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 364 to 375

    Valentinian

    Joint reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 367 to 383

    Gratian

    Joint reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 375 to 392

    Valentinian II

    Joint reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 392 to 394

    Eugenius

    Reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 395 to 423

    Honorius

    Reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 423 to 425

    John

    Reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 425 to 455

    Valentian III

    Reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 455 to 455

    Petronius Maximus

    Short reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 455 to 456

    Avitus

    Reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 457 to 461

    Majorian

    Reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 461 to 465

    Severus III

    Reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 467 to 472

    Anthemius

    Reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 472 to 472

    Alybrius

    Reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 473 to 474

    Glycerius

    Reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 474 to 475

    Julius Nepos

    Reign as Emperor of Rome.
  • Period: 475 to 476

    Romulus Augustus

    Reign as the final Emperor of the Western Roman Empire.
  • 476

    The Fall of the Roman Empire

    The Fall of the Roman Empire
    Many consider this to be the fall of the Roman Empire. Odoacer seized power from Romulus Augustus and made himself the King of Italy.