Latin America Independence

Timeline created by BustamanteS9B
In History
  • Haiti - Battle of Vertieres

    Haiti -  Battle of Vertieres
    Finally he Jean Jacques Dessalines French at the Battle of Vertières in 1803 and expels them from the island.
  • Haiti - Death of François Dominique Toussaint-Louverture

    Haiti - Death of François Dominique Toussaint-Louverture
    He was imprisoned in the Fort de Joux, in the Jura mountains, the coldest region in France. He died there on April 7, 1803 due to illness and lack of medical assistance.
  • Haití - Independence

    Haití - Independence
    Haiti declares its independence and Jean-Jacques Dessalines became its first ruler.
  • Brazil - Napoleon invaded Portugal

    Brazil - Napoleon invaded Portugal
    Napoleon's troops entered the Iberian Peninsula. Initially, Spain was an ally of France and Napoleon sought the cooperation of Spain in the invasion of Portugal.
  • Ecuador - Imprisonment of Charles IV and Ferdinand VII

    Ecuador - Imprisonment of Charles IV and Ferdinand VII
    Napoleon imprisioned Charles IV and his son Ferdinand VII and forced them to abdicate in his favor.
  • Jose Bonaparte named King

    Jose Bonaparte named King
    Jose Bonaparte is named king of Spain and the Indies, at the outbreak of the War Independence.
  • Ecuador - First Autonomous Government Board of Quito

    Ecuador - First Autonomous Government Board of Quito
    During the night of 9 a.m. to the morning of August 10, 1809 at the home of Manuela Cañizares, a Quito lady committed to the independence cause.
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    Argentina - War of Independence

    Set of combats and military campaigns that occurred within the framework of the Spanish-American wars of independence in various countries of South America, in which military forces from the United Provinces of Río de la Plata participated, the state that succeeded the Viceroyalty of Río de la Plata. Plata and that preceded the Argentine Republic.
  • Argentina - The first meeting

    Argentina - The first meeting
    The first meetnig the Buenos Aires organized three military campaigns to subdue the Spanish forces in the interior, but they were not successful.
  • Ecuador - Quito's massacree

    Ecuador - Quito's massacree
    Death of a group of heroes of the Independence and of more than 300 people, including soldiers and civilians, in the streets of Quito.
  • Chile - Chile's first meeting

    Chile - Chile's first meeting
    The Cabildo de Santiago summons the residents to the First Government Board of the Kingdom of Chile. Mateo de Toro Zambrano y Ureta, Count of the Conquest, is elected as the king's representative to the residents of Santiago.
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    México - José María Morelos

    he command was taken by another priest, José Maria Morelos, who led the second stage of the revolution . He introduced a liberal state and agrarian reform. But he had him shot in 1815.
  • Paraguay - Creation of the republic of Paraguay

    Paraguay - Creation of the republic of Paraguay
    However, a revolution spontaneously broke out in Asuncion,and the resulting government-held independent. This is how the Republic of Paraguay was created.
  • Uruguay - Battle of Las Piedras

    Uruguay - Battle of Las Piedras
    The battle of Las Piedras was the first important triumph of José Gervasio Artigas at the command of the patriot army of the Junta Grande de las Virreinato de España in the territory of the Banda Oriental. In it he defeated the royalist forces of the governor of Montevideo and the new viceroy of the Río de la Plata, Francisco Javier de Elío, in the mid-afternoon of May 18, 1811.
  • Mexico - Death of priest Miguel Hidalgo

    Mexico - Death of priest Miguel Hidalgo
    The priest Miguel Hidalgo was placed in front of the Indians and peasants and launched, the "scream of independence" in the town of Dolores. Throughout three years, it obtained triumphs with its army and occupied several cities of Mexico, but was defeated in Guadalajara and executed by the realistic authorities in 1811.
  • Venezuela and New Granada - Reactivation of War

    Venezuela and New Granada - Reactivation of War
    Bolívar, Piar, Páez, and other Venezuelan leaders reactivated the war.
  • Chile - Battle of Chacabuco

    Chile - Battle of Chacabuco
    It was a decisive conflict for the Independence of Chile in which the Army of the Andes, formed by troops from the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata and Chilean exiles in Mendoza, and the Royalist Army fought, resulting in a firm victory for the side. independence commanded by General José de San Martín.
  • Venezuela and New Granada - Defeat of Pablo Morillo

    Venezuela and New Granada - Defeat of Pablo Morillo
    Morillo arrives to Tierra Firme in 1818, facing the Republican Army in the plains and being defeated in Calabozo by Simon Bolivar
  • Venezuela and New Granada - Defeat of Simon Bolivar

    Venezuela and New Granada - Defeat of Simon Bolivar
    In the La Puerta ravine, next to the Semén and San Juan de los Morros rivers, in the department of Guárico, about two leagues from Villa de Cura de Aragua; among the troops of Simón Bolívar who was heading through the plains of Venezuela in order to take the city of Caracas during his Campaign of the Center, but who was defeated by the royalist forces of Pablo Morillo.
  • Chile - Battle of Cancha Rayada

    Chile - Battle of Cancha Rayada
    It was a battle for the Independence of Chile, developed within the framework of the independent period of the New Homeland, where the patriotic forces commanded by José de San Martín were defeated in the meeting held with the royalist forces in the city of Talca.
  • Chile - Battle of Maipú

    Chile - Battle of Maipú
    This confrontation took place in the sector known as Cerrillos del Maipo, where the patriotic forces of the United Liberation Army of Chile - formed by the troops from the River Plate (now Argentina) and the Chilean troops of the Army of the Andes plus the Army of Chile - clashed under the command of the General José de San Martín, against the Royal Army of Chile of the Spanish Empire under the orders of General Mariano Osorio.
    They triumphed in this battle assuring the independence of Chile
  • Venezuela and New Granada - Battle of Pantano de Vargas

    Venezuela and New Granada - Battle of Pantano de Vargas
    Bolivar crossed the Andes and defeated the royalists in the battle of Pantano de Vargas, which sealed the independence of New Granada
  • Peru - San Martín leaves Chile

    Peru - San Martín leaves Chile
    San Martín left Valparaíso, Chile, bound for Peru, the Liberating Expedition of Peru under the command of General Don José de San Martín. The Chilean head of government, Bernardo O'Higgins, made great efforts to make this costly and risky undertaking a reality.
  • Ecuador - Independence of Guayaquil

    Ecuador - Independence of Guayaquil
    The only objective was to proclaim free the territory of Guayaquil from the impositions that the Spanish Empire had promoted. In this event the Governor of the square and the Chief of the military vessels were taken prisoner.
  • Venezuela and New Granada - War Regularization Treaty

    Venezuela and New Granada - War Regularization Treaty
    One more year of skirmishes and Morillo and Bolívar sign the War Regularization Treaty, which ends the "War to Death" period.
  • Brazil - Juan VI returned to Portugal

    Brazil - Juan VI returned to Portugal
    Juan VI returned to Portugal, Leaving, his son Pedro de Braganza as governor of Brazil
  • Venezuela - Victory of Venezuela´s independence

    Venezuela - Victory of Venezuela´s independence
    A few months later, the royalist army was defeated in the battle of Carabobo, the final victory of Venezuela's independence.
  • Peru - San Martín arrives to Lima

    Peru - San Martín arrives to Lima
    The arrival of the Liberation Army in Peru, led by the Argentine general Don José de San Martín, was decisive in uniting the Peruvians and intensifying the desire to break with the Spanish Crown.
  • Peru- Act of independence of Peru

    Peru- Act of independence of Peru
    The city council met and the Act of Independence of Peru was drawn up, after the viceroyalty troops left the territory.
  • Perú - San Martín declares the Independence

    Perú - San Martín declares the Independence
    On Saturday, July 28, 1821, José de San Martín proclaimed the country's independence before the thousands of people gathered in the Plaza Mayor. However, it was not until 1824 that the royalists yielded to the new ruling system.
    Independence implied cutting off all ties with the Spanish Crown, ending economic relations and improving the situation in which the country's indigenous people lived.
  • Mexico - Mexico's Independence

    Mexico - Mexico's Independence
    Frustrated in their desire for autonomy and free trade, a group of conservative creoles proclaimed independence in 1821.
  • Ecuador - Pichincha's Triumph

    Ecuador - Pichincha's Triumph
    The meeting, which took place in the context of the Spanish-American wars of independence, pitted the independence army under the command of Venezuelan Marshal Antonio José de Sucre and the royalist army commanded by Commander Melchor Aymerich. The defeat of the Spanish forces led to the liberation of Quito and ensured the independence of the provinces that belonged to the Royal Audience of Quito.
  • Peru - Battle of Junin

    Peru - Battle of Junin
    Simón Bolívar took advantage of the fact that his enemies were divided to undertake the attack. The horsemen of the Spanish Army attacked the vanguard of the patriots with blows of sabers and the Venezuelan llaneros responded with their lances.
    At dusk, the Canterac general withdrew before the possibility of intensifying the fight in the difficult plain, so victory was obtained.
  • Perú - Battle of Ayacucho

    Perú - Battle of Ayacucho
    The battle took place in the Pampa de Quinua in Ayacucho.
    The victory of the insurgents meant the disappearance of the most important royal military contingent that was still standing, sealing the independence of Peru with a military capitulation that put an end to the Viceroyalty of Peru.
  • Uruguay - Preliminary Peace Convention

    Uruguay - Preliminary Peace Convention
    The Preliminary Peace Convention was the treaty that sealed the definitive independence of the Eastern Republic of Uruguay, ended the War with Brazil and marked the end of the Cisplatina Province. It was signed between the Empire of Brazil and the United Provinces of Río de la Plata on August 27, 1828, in Rio de Janeiro, by which Argentina and Brazil agreed to the independence of current Uruguay.
  • Brazil - Pedro II

    Brazil - Pedro II
    In 1831 Juan VI abdicated and was succeeded by his son, Pedro II, who reigned.
  • Mexico - Independece of Mexico recognized of Spain

    Mexico - Independece of Mexico recognized of Spain
    When Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna was proclaimed president of the Republic in 1833 Spain only recognized Mexican independence in 1839.
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    Cuba - Ten Years War

    The war began with the Grito de Yara, on the night of October 9-10, 1868, at the La Demajagua farm in Manzanillo.
    It ended ten years later with the Peace of Zanjón or Pacto de Zanjón, where the capitulation of the Cuban Independence Army against the Spanish troops was established.
  • Puerto Rico - Scream of Lares

    Puerto Rico - Scream of Lares
    It was an armed insurrection that sought the independence of Puerto Rico from the colonial government of Spain.
  • Brazil - Independence

    Brazil - Independence
    Portugal recognized its independence
  • Cuba - Cuban Revolutionary Party

    Cuba - Cuban Revolutionary Party
    José Martí organizes the Cuban Revolutionary Party and looks for the old leaders of the revolution, unifies the different currents, builds a small army, and disembarks in Cuba.
  • Cuba - Death of José Marti

    Cuba - Death of José Marti
    Martí dies in one of the combat actions (1895), but the revolutionary army continues to fight.
  • Cuba - War on Spain

    Cuba - War  on Spain
    The USA does not want to lose the possibility of taking over the largest island of the Antilles declares war on Spain.
  • Puerto Rico - War of EE.UU and Spain

    Puerto Rico - War of EE.UU and Spain
    Puerto Rico continues within the Spanish system until the war between EE. UU and Spain. After the defeat of this, the island of Puerto Rico happens to be administered by EE. UU.
  • Cuba - Cuba's Independence

    Cuba - Cuba's Independence
    The intervention of the United States precipitates the Spanish defeat and Cuba proclaims its independence in 1899, although it suffers the American occupation.
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    Haiti - Slave Revolt

    François Dominique Toussaint-Louverture took charge of a slave revolt on the French side of the island Hispaniola.