Medieval Timeline

  • 476

    Fall of Roman Empire

    Fall of Roman Empire
  • 520

    St Benedict established monestry

    St. Benedict established the first monastery at Monte Cassino, Italy. He drew up a set of rules for the monks, which included vows of obedience, poverty and manual labour.
    AD
  • Feb 6, 650

    Arab forces conquer

    Arab forces conquer
    Arab forces conquer most of the Byzantine territories, formerly occupied by the Persians.
  • Feb 6, 677

    Arabs attempt conquer

    Arabs attempt conquer
    The Arabs attempt to conquer Constantinople but fail.
  • Feb 6, 800

    Charlemagne crowned ruler

    Charlemagne crowned ruler
    Charlemagne was crowned ruler of the Holy Roman Empire. This act symbolized a union of church and state.
    AD
  • Feb 6, 814

    Charlemagne dies

    Charlemagne dies
    Charlemagne dies without leaving competent successors to continue the glory of the Carolingian dynasty. The Carolingian Empire falls apart
    AD
  • Feb 6, 1066

    William invades England

    William invades England
    William the Conqueror invades England and asserts his right to the English throne at the Battle of Hastings. The Norman Conquest fuses French and English cultures because William is both the King of England and the Duke of Normandy. William brought feudalism and culture from France to England William achieves political stability in England with the introduction of the feudal system. The system progresses over the next two centuries into a national monarchy.
    AD
  • Feb 6, 1096

    First crusade began

    First crusade began
    First Crusade began. The Crusaders were armies of Christians from all over Europe who marched to the Holy Land to regain lands captured by the Turks.
  • Feb 6, 1147

    Second Crusade was launched

    Second Crusade was launched
    Second Crusade was launched. This Crusade is generally considered to have been a failure
    AD
  • Feb 6, 1189

    Third Crusade was one of the more successful

    Third Crusade was one of the more successful
    Third Crusade was one of the more successful. In it King Richard the Lion-Hearted obtained certain privileges for Christians from the Turkish ruler, Saladin.
    AD
  • Feb 6, 1202

    Fourth Crusade launched

    Fourth Crusade launched
    Fourth Crusade launched. In this Crusade the original purpose of the Crusades was abandoned, and the Crusaders burned and sacked many cities and villages on their route. They never reached the Holy Land.
    AD
  • Feb 6, 1215

    King John forced to sign Magna Carta

    King John forced to sign Magna Carta
    King John of England was forced to sign the Magna Carta. The Magna Carta gave some basic rights to the people and also said that the king was not above the law.
  • Feb 6, 1291

    Fall of Acre marked the end of the Crusades

    Fall of Acre marked the end of the Crusades
    Fall of Acre marked the end of the Crusades. Acre, the last Christian city in the Near East, was lost to the Turks.
  • Feb 6, 1348

    The black plague swept England and Europe.

    The black plague swept England and Europe.
    It was estimated that one out of every five people in England died. Spread by fleas which infested a huge rat population, the disease is characterized by the victim turning dark purple in the last hours of life due to respiratory failure, hence the name, black plague.
  • Feb 6, 1429

    Joan of Arc seeks out leader to drive the England out of France

    Joan of Arc seeks out leader to drive the England out of France
    Joan of Arc, a peasant girl in France, seeks out the French leader and relates her divinely-inspired mission to drive the English out of France. She takes control of the French troops and liberates most of central France.
  • Feb 6, 1430

    Joan of Arc is captured and taken to England

    Joan of Arc is captured and taken to England
    Joan of Arc is captured and taken to England. The English accuse her of being a witch and condemn her for heresy. Joan is publicly burned in the city of Rouen.
    AD
  • Feb 6, 1434

    The Medici banking family dominates the government of Florence.

    The Medici banking family dominates the government of Florence.
    AD
  • Feb 6, 1453

    : Ottoman Turks take Constantinople and end Byzantine civilization.

    : Ottoman Turks take Constantinople and end Byzantine civilization.
    AD
  • Feb 6, 1454

    Italy is divided into five major regions

    Italy is divided into five major regions
    Italy is divided into five major regions: Venice, Milan, Florence, the Papal States and the southern kingdom of Naples.
  • Feb 6, 1455

    Henry VI of England (1422-1461) wages the Wars of the Roses

    Henry VI of England (1422-1461) wages the Wars of the Roses
    Henry VI of England (1422-1461) wages the Wars of the Roses. The two sides of the war are the red rose (Henry's family at Lancaster) and the white rose (the house of York). Yorkist Richard III gains the kingship for a short time.
    AD
  • Feb 6, 1469

    Ferdinand marries Isabella of Castile

    Ferdinand marries Isabella of Castile
    Ferdinand of Aragon marries Isabella of Castile, and the two Spanish kingdoms end their conflicts but remain separate powers.
  • Feb 6, 1485

    The end of the Wars of the Roses in England

    The end of the Wars of the Roses in England
    The end of the Wars of the Roses in England, the Tudor dynasty replaces Richard III. Henry VII, the first Tudor king, rules for twenty-four years and revives the English throne. He reestablishes royal power over the aristocracy, ends funding of foreign wars and reforms finances. Parliament also becomes a stable part of the governmental system.
  • Feb 6, 1492

    Ferdinand and Isabella annex Granada

    Ferdinand and Isabella annex Granada
    Ferdinand and Isabella annex Granada, expel all Jews from Spain and seek overseas expansion (for example, as patrons of Christopher Columbus). The flow of American gold and silver through Spain, the conquest of Mexico and Peru and superiority on the battlefield make Spain the most powerful state in Europe.
    AD
  • Feb 6, 1509

    Henry VIII succeeds his father, Henry VII, for the English crown.

    Henry VIII succeeds his father, Henry VII, for the English crown.
    AD
  • Feb 6, 1558

    Elizabeth I succeeds the throne of England.

    Elizabeth I succeeds the throne of England.
    AD
  • Elizabeth I dies.

    Elizabeth I dies.
    AD