The Middle Ages

  • 476

    Western Roman Empire ends

  • Period: 476 to Aug 22, 1485

    British HIstory Timeline

  • Jan 1, 711

    Moors start raiding Spain.

  • Jan 1, 793

    Vikings start raiding Europe.

  • Jan 1, 1066

    William of Normandy wins Battle of Hastings and becomes King of England.

  • Jan 1, 1096

    Crusades start

  • Jan 1, 1100

    Small towns start springing up over Europe.

  • Dec 19, 1154

    Henry II, the first 'Plantagenet' king, accedes to the throne

    This day was the day of Henry II day of accession and coronation. Aside from being the king of England he is also the king of Wales, Normandy, Anjou, Gascony and also other parts of France. Henry is the son of Empress Matilda. He established stability after civil war between his mother and her rival Stephen. He believe his power to give rights and orders over the barons and compulsory rules and regulations and governance. Regular monetary rolls of government began in his hold royal office.
  • Dec 29, 1170

    Henry II's soldiers murder Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury

  • Oct 1, 1171

    Henry II visits Ireland to assert his overlordship

  • Jan 1, 1174

    Fire ravages Canterbury Cathedral

  • Dec 25, 1176

    First 'eisteddfod' is held at Aberteifi in Cardigan

  • Jul 6, 1189

    Henry II dies and is succeeded by Richard I

  • Jan 1, 1190

    Richard I joins the Third Crusade

  • Jan 1, 1192

    Minamoto Yoritomo becomes the first shogun of Japan.

  • Jan 1, 1199

    Richard I dies and is succeeded by his brother John

  • Jan 1, 1209

    Migrant scholars establish a university at Cambridge

  • Nov 1, 1209

    John is excommunicated over a dispute with Pope Innocent III

  • Jul 27, 1214

    John loses Normandy and other French possessions after the Battle of Bouvines

  • Jan 1, 1215

    King John of England signs the Magna Carta.

  • Jan 1, 1215

    King John of England signs the Magna Carta.

  • Jan 1, 1216

    France invades England in support of rebel barons and John dies

  • Jan 1, 1216

    France invades England in support of rebel barons and John dies

  • Jan 1, 1217

    France invades England in support of rebel barons and John dies

  • Oct 28, 1218

    Henry III is crowned king of England

  • Jan 1, 1231

    First friaries are founded in Scotland

  • Sep 25, 1237

    Treaty of York decides the Anglo-Scottish border

  • Jan 1, 1245

    Henry III begins to rebuild Westminster Abbey

  • Jan 1, 1258

    Rebellious barons create a council to advise Henry III

  • Dec 4, 1259

    Treaty of Paris settles the future of English possessions in France

  • Oct 2, 1263

    Battle of Largs ends Norwegian attempts to control Scotland's Western Isles

  • Jan 1, 1265

    Simon de Montfort's 'parliament' is summoned

  • Jan 1, 1267

    Henry III acknowledges Llywelyn ap Gruffydd's lordship in Wales

  • Nov 20, 1272

    Henry III dies and is succeeded by his son Edward

  • Jan 1, 1279

    Statute of Mortmain restricts land acquisition by the church

  • Jul 1, 1290

    Edward I expels all Jews from England

  • Jan 1, 1295

    Edward I summons his 'Model Parliament'

  • Jul 5, 1295

    Scotland and France seal the 'Auld Alliance'

  • Aug 23, 1305

    Scottish rebel William Wallace is executed by the English

  • Jul 7, 1307

    Edward I dies and is succeeded by his son Edward II

  • Jun 24, 1314

    Robert the Bruce defeats Edward II at Bannockburn

  • Jan 1, 1315

    Millions die in the Great European Famine

    until 1322
  • Jan 1, 1316

    Edward Bruce leads an expedition to Ireland

  • Apr 6, 1320

    Scottish barons send the Declaration of Arbroath to the pope

  • Sep 1, 1326

    Isabella invades England and overthrows Edward II

  • Jan 20, 1327

    Edward II is murdered and Edward III becomes king

  • Jan 1, 1330

    Edward III seizes control of the throne from his mother, Isabella

  • Jan 1, 1337

    100 Years’ War starts.

  • May 24, 1337

    Hundred Years' War between England and France begins

  • Jun 24, 1340

    English defeat a Franco-Castilian fleet at Sluys off Flanders

  • Aug 26, 1346

    English defeat the French at the Battle of Crécy

  • Jan 1, 1347

    Black Deathbreaks out in Europe.

  • Jul 7, 1348

    'Black Death' enters Britain

  • Sep 19, 1356

    Edward the 'Black Prince' defeats and captures John II, King of France

  • Jun 22, 1377

    Edward III dies and is succeeded by Richard II

  • Jun 15, 1381

    Peasants' Revolt is dispersed by Richard II at Smithfield, London

  • Oct 25, 1381

    Wet Tyler leads a revolt of English peasants to win more freedom from landowners.

  • Jan 1, 1382

    Winchester College is founded

  • Dec 1, 1384

    Church reformer John Wyclif dies

  • Jan 1, 1387

    Geoffrey Chaucer's 'Canterbury Tales' appear

  • Oct 1, 1394

    Richard II makes an expedition to Ireland

    until May 1395
  • Sep 30, 1399

    Henry IV is proclaimed king of England

  • Jan 1, 1400

    Owain Glyn Dwr leads a Welsh revolt against the English

    until 1409
  • Jan 1, 1413

    St Andrews is established as the first Scottish university

  • Mar 20, 1413

    Henry IV dies and is succeeded by his son, Henry V

  • Jan 1, 1414

    Rebel Lollards are defeated by Henry V

  • Nov 5, 1414

    Council of Constance addresses a deep schism in the papacy

  • Jul 31, 1415

    Southampton Plot is revealed to Henry V

  • Oct 25, 1415

    Henry V defeats the French at the Battle of Agincourt

  • May 21, 1420

    Charles VI cedes France to Henry V in the Treaty of Troyes

  • Jul 31, 1422

    Henry VI becomes king of England and France before his first birthday

  • Jan 1, 1429

    Joan of Arc drives out the English from Orleans.

  • Sep 21, 1435

    Treaty of Arras breaks the alliance between Burgundy and England

  • Jan 1, 1437

    Henry VI assumes power as king of England

  • Jun 1, 1450

    Jack Cade leads a rebellion against war taxation

  • Jan 1, 1453

    100 Years’ War ends.

  • Jul 17, 1453

    French defeat the English at the Battle of Castillon

  • May 22, 1455

    Wars of the Roses begin with first Battle of St Albans

  • Mar 29, 1461

    Lancastrians are defeated at Towton and Edward IV is proclaimed king

  • Oct 30, 1470

    Henry VI is briefly restored to the throne

  • May 4, 1471

    Yorkists defeat the Lancastrians and kill Edward, Prince of Wales

  • Jan 1, 1477

    William Caxton publishes the first printed book in England

  • Apr 9, 1483

    Edward IV dies and is succeeded by his 12-year-old son, Edward V

  • Jul 1, 1483

    Richard III becomes king and the 'Princes in the Tower' disappear

  • Jan 1, 1485

    Henry Tudor (Henry VII) is crowned King of England.

  • Aug 22, 1485

    Henry Tudor defeats Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth