Medieval Times

  • 476

    Fall of Roman Empire

    Fall of Roman Empire
    Beginning of Middle Ages - Lasts from the 5th to the 15th century.
  • 481

    Clovis King of the Franks

    Clovis King of the Franks
    Becomes king at the age of 15 and manages to unite all Frankish tribes under one rule. Later marries and converts to Catholisicism.
  • 542

    Bubonic Plague

    Bubonic Plague
    spreads to all urban establishments in the Mediterranean Basin
  • 552

    Byzantines in Italy

    Byzantines in Italy
    Byzantines completely conquer Italy
  • 570

    Muhammad is born

    Muhammad is born
    'Be not sad, Surely ALLAH is with us."
  • 590

    Gregory the Great

    Gregory the Great
    Christianity receives a new Pope in the form of Gregory the Great under whose command the missionary works reach new heights.
  • May 13, 622

    Islamic Calendar begins

    Islamic Calendar begins
    Prophet Muhammad and his followers start their journey from Mecca to Medina called Hijra. This marks the beginning of the Islamic Calendar.
  • May 13, 631

    Muhammad dies

    Muhammad dies
  • May 13, 641

    Muslims in Persia

    Muslims conquer Persia in the Battle of Nehawand
  • May 13, 674

    1st Islamic attack

    First Islamic attacks on Constantinople fails
  • May 13, 711

    Invasion of Spain

    Invasion of Spain
    Muslims invade Spain and it marks the beginning of Muslim rule in Iberian Peninsula
  • May 13, 718

    2nd Muslim attack

    Second Muslim attack on Constantinople failed.
  • May 13, 732

    Battle of Tours

    Battle of Tours
    Franks defeat Islam and forbids it from spreading into Europe.
  • May 13, 800

    Charlemagne crowned Holy Roman Emperor

    Unites most of Western Europe. Considered father of French and German monarchies.
  • May 13, 835

    Viking invade Northern Europe

    Viking invade Northern Europe
    Vikings from Denmark, Norway and Sweden - invasions go on until 1042.
  • May 13, 843

    Treaty of Verdun

    Treaty of Verdun is signed between the three grandchildren of Charlemagne separating Holy Roman Empire and France
  • May 13, 896

    Alfred the Great fights back

    Alfred the Great fights back
    Alfred the Great turns back Viking invaders.
  • May 13, 955

    Otto the Great

    Otto the Great
    Otto the Great, son of Henry 1, defeats Magyars in the Battle of Lechfeld. This defining battle prevents the advance of Hungarians in Central Europe.
  • May 13, 962

    Holy Roman Emperor

    Otto the Great crowned the Holy Roman Emperor in 40 years.
  • May 13, 982

    Peace Movement

    Formation of Peace and Truce movement by the Catholic Church. The first of its kind movement in the Medieval Europe for the control of society using non-violet means.
  • May 13, 1066

    William of Normandy

    William of Normandy
    French Duke, conquers England in the Battle of Hastings. He becomes King of England.
  • Jan 2, 1096

    First Crusades

    The First crusades issued by Pope Urban II, was an attempt to capture the Holy Lands from the Muslims.
  • May 13, 1162

    The Mongol Empire

    Ghenkis Khan establishes the larget land empire in history by uniting nomadic tribes to conquer large chunks of Central Asia and China. The stretch was as far as Poland, Syria, and Korea. Khan allowed religous freedom, no torture, and created the first international postal system.
  • Jun 15, 1215

    The Magna Carta

    The Magna Carta is instituted by King John. This document gave the people the right to excercise some of their rights and stated that the king was not above the law.
  • May 19, 1228

    Recovery of Jerusalem

    Frederick II, leader of the sixth crusade, briefly recovers Jerusalem for the Christians by negotiating with the Muslims
  • May 19, 1233

    Ridding of Heresy

    Gregory IX sends Dominican friars to root out the remains of the Catharist heresy in France, thus launching the Inquisition
  • May 19, 1266

    Thomas Aquinas

    Thomas Aquinas begins the outstanding work of medieval scholasticism, his Summa Theologiae
  • May 13, 1271

    1271

    Marco Polo begins his venture to discover what is now Asia
  • May 19, 1295

    Marco Polo returns

    Marco Polo is back in Venice after an absence of 25 years in the east
  • May 19, 1315

    Islam

    Islam replaces Christianity as the religion of the kings of Dongola, in present-day Sudan
  • May 19, 1330

    The Black Death

    European prosperity falters during the fourteenth century, with a run of bad harvests, a decline in trade and - from 1347 - the Black Death
  • May 19, 1337

    Hundred Years War

    Philip VI of France confiscates Guienne, a fief belonging to Edward III of England - whose response begins the Hundred Years' War
  • May 19, 1350

    Humanism

    Humanism, or the study of classical literature as a living tradition, develops into one of the main strands of the Renaissance
  • May 18, 1450

    Printing Press

    Printing Press
    Guntenberg's invention of the printing press
  • May 18, 1453

    Conquest of Constantinople

    Conquest of Constantinople
    Ottoman conquest of Constantinople
  • May 18, 1454

    The Gutenberg Bible

    The Gutenberg Bible
    The Gutenberg Bible is printed at Mainz
  • May 18, 1517

    Reformation

    Reformation
    Start of the Reformation
  • May 18, 1517

    95 Thesis

    95 Thesis
    Martin Luther nailed the 95 theses to the door of the church in Wittenberg.
  • May 18, 1521

    Diet of Worms

    Diet of Worms
    Luther apperas at the Diet before Charles V to answer charges of heresy.
  • May 18, 1526

    English Bible

    English Bible
    Willian Tyndale publishes a translation of the New Testament in English
  • May 18, 1534

    The Jesuits

    The Jesuits
    St. Ignatius of Loyola started the Jesuits
  • May 18, 1534

    Henry VIII's Act of Supremacy

    Henry VIII's Act of Supremacy
    Seperation of the Church of England from Rome
  • May 18, 1535

    Sir Thomas More

    Sir Thomas More
    Sir Thmas More executed by order of Henry VIII
  • May 18, 1540

    The Jesuits

    The Jesuits
    The Jesuits are approved
  • May 18, 1545

    Council of Trent

    Council of Trent
    Council of Trent is started
  • May 18, 1547

    Henry VIII

    Henry VIII
    Henry VIII dies
  • May 18, 1556

    St. Ignatius of Loyola

    St. Ignatius of Loyola
    St. Ignatius of Loyola dies
  • May 18, 1558

    Queen Elizabeth

    Queen Elizabeth
    The reign of Elizabeth begins
  • May 18, 1563

    Council of Trent

    Council of Trent
    The Council of Trent ended
  • Queen Elizabeth

    Queen Elizabeth
    Queen Elizabeth dies