The House of the Angevins

  • Mar 5, 1133

    Henry II's Birth

    Henry II's Birth
    Royal Family HistoryHenry II was born at Le Mans, France.
  • May 11, 1152

    Henry II got married

    Henry II got married
    Henry of Anjou married Eleanor of Acquitaine, at Bordeaux Cathedral, France. The couple had five sons and three daughters.
  • Oct 20, 1153

    Stephen of Blois and Empress Matilda agreement.

    Empress Matilda fight with Stephen led to a terrible civil war in which villages were destroyed and many people were killed. Neither side could win, and finally in 1153 Matilda and Stephen agreed that Stephen could keep the throne, but only if Marilda's son, Henry, could succeed him. Fortunatelv for England, Stephen died the following year.
  • Oct 25, 1154

    HENRY II

    HENRY II
    Came to the throne at the age of 21. He ruled for thirty-four years, but spent only fourteen of them in England.
    Henry owed his Kingship of England to his Norman mother Matilda, daughter of
    Henry I and his vast lands to his father Count of Anjou and his wife Eleanor, Duchess of Aquitaine and Countess of Poitou.
  • Nov 1, 1154

    Pope Adrian IV

    Pope Adrian IV
    He became the first English Pope. (1154 - 1159)
  • Dec 19, 1154

    Henry II Crowned

    He was crowned at Westminster Abbey.
  • Jan 25, 1155

    Thomas a Becket

    Thomas a Becket
    Henry appointed him as Chancellor of England.
  • Sep 30, 1162

    Archbishop of Canterbury

    Archbishop of Canterbury
    Henry made Thomas the Archbishop of Canterbury to give himself more control over the courts of the church. Becket and Henry had a fight a year later over church law, and Becket was exiled to France.
  • Apr 1, 1164

    Constitutions of Clarendon

    The Constitutions of Clarendon placed limitations on the Church’s jurisdiction over crimes committed by the clergy. The Pope refused to approve the Constitutions, so Thomas a Becket refused to sign them.
  • Sep 6, 1164

    Richard, Henry II's son born.

    Richard, Henry II's son born.
    Royal Family HistoryRichard Richard was the third son of Henry II. He was born at Beaumont Place, Oxford.
  • May 15, 1166

    The ASSIZE of CLARENDON

    The ASSIZE of CLARENDON
    It established trial by jury for the first time rather than trial by ordeal.It stated procedures to be used in local courts to deal with disputes related to everything from land rights (civil) to murder (criminal) To use an assize, the plaintiff had to obtain a writ from the King to proceed and the process was administered by a royal judge.
  • Dec 24, 1166

    King Jhon's birth

    King Jhon's birth
    Royal Family HistoryHis birth took place at Beaumont Palace, Oxford. He was the youngest of Henry II's five sons. Unlike his elder brothers, he received no land rights in the continental provinces. Because of that he was also known as "Jhon Lackland".
  • Dec 29, 1170

    Thomas Becket murdered

    Thomas Becket murdered
    Becket is killed in Canterbury Cathedral by four of Henry’s knights. The death of Becket shocked everyone; his murderers were excommunicated, and Becket himself rapidly regarded as a martyr
  • Nov 6, 1171

    Lord of Ireland

    Henry invaded Ireland and received homage from the King of Leinster and the other kings. Henry is accepted as Lord of Ireland.
  • Jul 2, 1173

    Family Rebellion

    Family Rebellion
    Henry and Eleanor had a good marriage , until it was soured by his promiscuity. In 1173, Eleanor encouraged her sons to stage a revolt against their father during 1173-1174. Henry II put his wife under house arrest, and made it so his son Henry (the young king) would gain half the throne later that year and that the rest would be divided by Henry’s brothers, Richard I and John.
  • Jul 6, 1189

    Henry II Death

    An Illustrated History of EnglandHe died at Chinon Castle, Anjou at the age of 56.
  • Jul 6, 1189

    Richard I ascended to the throne

  • Sep 3, 1189

    Richard I is crowned.

    Richard I is crowned.
    It took place at Westminster Abby.
    Richard based himself in his Duchy in Aquitaine inherited from his mother Eleanor. He spent only six months of his reign in England and spoke only French. He appointed William Longchamp as Chancellor of England during his absence but he was overthrown by Richard’s brother John.
  • Apr 29, 1190

    Richard I at the crusades

    Richard took up Henry's plans to recover Jerusalem on his accession in 1189 and set out to establish bases for crusades in Sicily in 1190 and Cyprus, which he took in 1191. Engaging in the siege of Acre, which he brought to a swift conclusion, he set off down the coast to Jaffa, conducting a fighting march against Saladin.
  • Jul 1, 1191

    Richard on the third Crusade

    Richard on the third Crusade
    In the third Crusade 1191–92 he won victories at Cyprus, Acre, and Arsuf (against Saladin), but failed to recover Jerusalem.
  • Nov 10, 1192

    Richard I captured.

    While returning overland he was captured by the Duke of Austria, who handed him over to the emperor Henry VI. He was held prisoner until a large ransom was raised.
  • Feb 23, 1196

    Richard I is free.

    After four years, English people rose the money for his ransom.
  • Apr 6, 1199

    Richard I death

    Movie: "Robin Hood", 2010
    Richard was killed at Limousin, France, after been captured by the duke of Austria during 2 years. At the moment, his brother John will be ascended as king.
  • May 6, 1199

    John divorced his first wife.

    After crowned, John's marriage to Isabella of Gloucester is annulled 1199.
  • May 20, 1199

    John married again.

    He married Isabella, Daughter of Count of Angouleme.
  • May 27, 1199

    John was crowned King.

    John was crowned King.
    The ceremony was at Westminster Abbey.
  • Dec 30, 1204

    King John lost Normandy.

    John had lost Normandy and almost all the other English possessions in France to Philip II of France by 1204.
  • Nov 30, 1209

    King John is excommunicated.

    In 1205 he disputed the Pope's choice of Stephen Langton as archbishop of Canterbury, and Pope Innocent III placed England under an interdict, suspending all religious services, including baptisms, marriages, and burials. John retaliated by seizing church revenues, and in 1209 was excommunicated.
  • Jun 15, 1215

    The Barons War and the Magna Carta.

    The Barons War and the Magna Carta.
    An Illustrateed History of EnglandIn 1215 rebel baron leaders marched on London where they were welcomed by an increasing band of defectors from John’s royalist supporters. Their demands were drawn up in a document which became the known as the Magna Carta. John sort peace and met them at Runnymede where on 15th June 1215 he agreed to their demands and sealed the Magna Carta. It was a remarkable document which set limits on the powers of the king. It was the first written constitution.
  • Oct 18, 1216

    King John's death.

    King John's death.
    King John died on October 18, 1216 at Newark Castle, aged 49 years. He was buried at Worcester. He reigned for: 17 years, 6 months, and 13 days, and was succeeded by his son Henry III.