Medieval Europe

  • 476

    Last Roman Emperor fell from power

    Unity of theRoman Empire was lot too.
  • 476

    Romans pull out of England

    The last Roman emperor in the West fell from power.
  • Oct 29, 700

    Invention of th stirrup

    The stirrup made it possible to sit on a horse and charge while holding a spear.
  • Jul 15, 732

    Charles Martel led the Franks against the Muslims

    He defeated them at the Battle of Tours.
  • May 7, 1000

    Many women entered convents

    Most were from noble families.Most educated women became nuns.
  • Jun 4, 1000

    Europe divided into Feudal territories

    It was divided into thousands of feudal terretoritie each with a nobles castle.
  • Jul 3, 1000

    Europe's building boom.

    Architecture is away society demonstrates what is important to it's culture.
  • Sep 17, 1000

    Europe reaches a high point

    As technological and agricultural inovations allowed trade to flourish and crops to increase.
  • Nov 25, 1050

    Most people in Western Europe are Catholic

    Cristianity started in Northern Britain and spead to Europe by A.D. 800.Most people in Western Europe had become Catholics by 1050.
  • Feb 3, 1073

    Gregory VII elected Pope

    He wanted to stop nobles and Kings from interering in Church affairs.He issuedadecree.
  • May 3, 1095

    Pope Urban II calls the First Crusade

    He spoke before a large crowed in eastern France and the crowd got very excited.
  • Aug 23, 1098

    First Crusade capture Antioch in Syria

    It took them unit 1099 to reach Jerusalem.
  • Oct 30, 1098

    The cisterian order was founded

    The most famous monk was Bernard of Clairvaux.
  • Mar 17, 1100

    Flanders and Italy trade goods regularly

    They were enouraged to do so by holding trade fairs.
  • Dec 12, 1100

    Feudalism made Europe safer

    New technology enabled people to produce more food and goods.
  • May 22, 1144

    Muslims capture Edessa

    TheEuropean rulers send another crusade to regain the lost lands.
  • Feb 20, 1174

    Saladin because ruler of Egypt

    He was a brilliant commander.
  • Mar 21, 1187

    Saladin defeats Christians and takes Jerusalem

    He united the muslims and declaredwar against the Christian States the crusders had built.
  • May 19, 1200

    Guilds are widespread in Europe

    Guilds by 1200 the tanners carpenters, bakers, and all other craftpeople had guuilds.
  • Nov 13, 1200

    The French defeat the English

    Philip II went to war against England.
  • Nov 19, 1209

    Francis of Assisi Founds Franciscan order

    This was the first order of friars.They taught Christianity,helped the poor , and were missionaries.
  • May 6, 1215

    Signing of the Magan Carta

    They forced King John to sign it and it took away some of the King's powers.
  • May 13, 1231

    Oxford University is founded.

    Universities were started to educate and train scholars.
  • Nov 9, 1233

    Catholic church set up the Inguisition

    This was the curch court where the tried people for heresy.
  • Jan 6, 1240

    Kiev falls to the Mongols

    The Mongols destroyed most of the large cities and killes many peeople.
  • Jun 13, 1267

    Thomas Aquihas Begins writing Summa Theological

    In it he asks, "Does God exist"?
  • Aug 19, 1290

    England expelled Jews.

    France did the same in 1306 and 1394. Some German ities also forced them to leave by 1350.
  • Jul 13, 1331

    First outbreak of plague in China

    More goods were being shipped across cenral Asia which helped spread Black Death.
  • Nov 6, 1337

    The Hundred year's war

    The English King Edward III declared himself king and this angered the French. they fought back for the next 100 yeaars.
  • Sep 23, 1346

    The Black Death arrives

    It spread quickly. The scientists do not know why.
  • Feb 5, 1350

    Europe reaches a high pant

    Themiddle Ages end and the Renaissance begeins.
  • Nov 9, 1394

    France expelled Jews

    The Jews settled iin Eastern European countries.
  • Jan 1, 1400

    Printing press invented

    Before this this book were rare.
  • May 6, 1429

    Joan of Arc inspires the French

    She told them her favorite saints urged her to free France.
  • Dec 31, 1480

    Ivan IIII drives the Mongols out of Russia

    he called himself a Cza and lived up to his title.
  • Aug 20, 1492

    The sspanish defeat the Muskims and expel the Jews

    Princess Isabella and Prince Ferding force the Muslims to convert to Christianity or leave Spain.
  • King Clovis becomes a Catholic

    King Clovis turned Catholic at the wish of his wife, he was then crownedby the pope on Christmas Day, 496, in a small church.
  • Feudalism begins in Europe

    A shift from Kings to nobles began.
  • The Vikings conquered part of Western France

    Across the English Channel From England.
  • Charlemagne is crowed by Pope

    Charles the Great impressed the pope so on Christmas day afer the worship service he crowedhim.
  • Viking's began trading in Europe

    Their raids terrified the Europeans.
  • Otto declared emperor of Romans

    Otto was one of the Kings of Germany. He sent troops to protect the people ans as a reward the pope made him emporer.
  • Charlemagne died

    After he died his empire did not last very long.His son was not a strong leader and his sons divided the empire into 3 Kingdoms.