Timeline of the History of England

  • Jan 5, 1066

    Edward the Confessor died.

    Edward the Confessor died.
  • Sep 28, 1066

    William invades

    William invades
    William crossed the English Channel and landed in Pevensey.
  • Oct 14, 1066

    The Battle of Hastings

    The Battle of Hastings
    It was a war between Anglo-Saxons and Normans and they won.
  • Jan 1, 1086

    The Domesday Book

    The Domesday Book
    It was an economical and social picture of William's conquest.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1087 to Jan 1, 1100

    William II

    William II
  • Period: Jan 1, 1100 to Jan 1, 1135

    Henry I

    Henry I
  • Jan 1, 1135

    A war of succession

    A war of succession
    In this period we had:
    -William I (1066-1087)
    -WIlliam II (1087-1100)
    -Henry I (1100-1135)
  • Period: Jan 1, 1135 to Jan 1, 1189

    Henry II

    Henry II
  • Period: Jan 1, 1189 to Jan 1, 1199

    Richard I

    Richard I
  • Period: Apr 6, 1199 to Oct 19, 1216

    King John

    He was called also 'Bad King John' because he drained the French population of taxes, and for this reason the barons refused to pay scutage and conspired to resist the king.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1200 to Jan 1, 1300

    The ballad

    Ballads were produced anonymously and sung with or without accompaniment or dance.
    They were transmitted orally but collected later and published by Bishop Thomas Percy.
  • Jun 15, 1215

    Magna Carta

    Magna Carta
    The Magna Carta called for a guarantee of protection to all free man from illegal imprisonment and seizure of property.
    It also asked for swift justice and scutage limitations.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1216 to Jan 1, 1272

    Henry III

    Henry III
  • Period: Oct 19, 1216 to Nov 16, 1272

    The birth of Parliament

    Henry III became king and it was in his reign that Parliament began to create a structure of permanent control over the king's policies. The term 'parliament' meaning discussion and included barons. knights and two representatives from each town.
    Henry's son, Edward I, continued the experiment when he became king in 1272, and the 'Model Parliament' included representative of the barons, the clergy, two knights from each county and two citizens from each town.
  • Jan 1, 1273

    The three order of medieval society

    The three order of medieval society
    it was fixed and hierarchical and a lord needs hereditary titles to mantein his power.
    In the medieval society were man who had taken an oath to the king and the percentage of the paesants population were 95%.
    The social mobility start after the Black Death when it had killed up to half of the population.
  • Jan 1, 1337

    Edward II

    Edward II
    Edward II started the Hundred year's war
  • Jan 1, 1343

    Geoffrey Chaucher

    Geoffrey Chaucher
    He was born about 1343 in London. He followed Edward III's son to the war in France, where he was taken prisoner and ransomed by the king himself in 1360 and in 1374 he became a member of Parliament.
    He was trusted by the Crown and a well-informed partecipator in the politics of the day.

    In 1386 he was dismissed from all his offices and therefore he was left without an income.In this period he began to work on his masterpiece 'The Canterbury Tales'.
    He died in 1400 in Westminster.
  • Jan 1, 1348

    Black Death

    Black Death
    Black Death
  • Jan 1, 1381

    Paesants' Revolt

    Paesants' Revolt
    The paesants start a revolt to demand greater rights
  • Jan 1, 1382

    First translation of the Bible into English

    First translation of the Bible into English
    First translation of the Bible into English by John Wycliffe
  • Period: Jan 1, 1386 to Jan 1, 1400

    Canterburt Tales

    Canterbury Tales is a narrative poems tell storeis in verse.
  • Jan 1, 1456

    The war of the Roses

    The war of the Roses
    The war of the Roses is a war between two rival family: York and Lancaster. The 'roses' refer to the white roses is the York's emblem; the red one is the Lancaste'r symbol.
  • Jan 1, 1457

    Henry VII (1457-1509)

    Henry VII (1457-1509)
    He became king at the end of The Wars of the Roses.
    He tried to consolidate his position trough: a treaty with France; a trade treaty with the Netherlands and the marriage in 1501 with Catherine of Aragon.
    He strengthened the monarchy and turned England into a modern state which he administered like a businessman.
    He laid the basis of English naval power by increasing spending on shipbuilding so that England could have its own merchant fleet and extend its military power.
  • Jan 1, 1491

    Henry VIII (1491-1547)

    Henry VIII (1491-1547)
    He was the second son of Henry VII
    In his youth he as a natural sportsman, for this reason he was called the ‘Golden Prince’.
    He married Catherine of Aragon, but he had with her only a daughter and for this reason he asked the pope for a divorce in order to marry Anne Boleyn.
    The pope don't accept and Henry declared himself 'Supreme Head on Earth of the Church of England' by the act of supremacy.
    A consequence was that Ireland remained a Catholic country.
  • Nov 1, 1492

    Colombu's discovery America

    Colombu's discovery America
    In 1492 Colombu's discovery America
  • Jan 1, 1516

    Mary I (1516-1558)

    Mary I (1516-1558)
    When she became queen in 1553 she believed herself to be the agent of a Counter-Reformation. This attempt to restore England to papal obedience, her marriage to the Catholic Philip of Spain and the burning of Protestants, earned her the nickname 'Bloody Mary'
    Mary’s end was tragic: deserted by her husband, without an heir, her foreign and domestic policies were a failure and her country was still divided over religion when she died.
  • Jan 1, 1533

    Elizabeth I (1533-1603)

    Elizabeth I (1533-1603)
    She became queen in 1558
    She recognised Spain as her main trade rival and enemy. The war rade expanded, making England a commercial and sea power.
    In 1558 the Spanish decided to invade England and sent a great armada of 130 galleons
    The Spanish ship were slow and heavy, however, while the English ship were lower, faster and armed with long-range guns.
    Supremacy at sea enabled Elizabeth to lay the basis of England’s empire, chartering seven companies to colonise in the name of trade.