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Medieval/Ren (476-1430-1600)

  • 476

    The fall of Rome

    The fall of Rome
    The fall of the Western Roman Empire was the loss of central political control in the Western Roman Empire, a process in which the Empire failed to enforce its rule, and its vast territory was divided into several successor polities
  • Period: 476 to 1435

    The Middle Ages

    In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages or medieval period lasted approximately from the 5th to the late 15th centuries, similarly to the Post-classical period of global history. It began with the fall of the Western Roman Empire and transitioned into the Renaissance and the Age of Discovery
  • Period: 476 to 1450

    The Medieval period

    The Medieval Ages are called this because it is the time between the fall of Imperial Rome and the beginning of the Early modern Europe. .The Dark Ages are given this name because Europe was in disarray in comparison to the orderliness of classical antiquity and life was short and poor.
  • Period: 540 to 604

    Pope Gregory

    Pope Gregory I, commonly known as Saint Gregory the Great, was the bishop of Rome from 3 September 590 to his death. He is known for instigating the first recorded large-scale mission from Rome, the Gregorian Mission, to convert the then-pagan Anglo-Saxons in England to Christianity
  • 850


    Is a type of musical texture consisting of two or more simultaneous lines of independent melody, as opposed to a musical texture with just one voice, monophony, or a texture with one dominant melodic voice accompanied by chords, homophony.
  • 900


    Organum is, in general, a plainchant melody with at least one added voice to enhance the harmony, developed in the Middle Ages
  • Period: 991 to 1033

    Guido of Arezzo

    He was an Italian music theorist and pedagogue of High medieval music. A Benedictine monk, he is regarded as the inventor or by some, developer of the modern staff notation that replaced the predominant pneumatic notation and was thus massively influential to the development of Western musical notation and practice.
  • 1000

    The invention of the staff

    The invention of the staff is traditionally ascribed to Guido d'Arezzo in about the year 1000, although there are earlier manuscripts in which neumes are arranged around one or two lines in order to orient the singer.
  • Period: 1000 to 1100

    The First Crusade

    The First Crusade was the first of a series of religious wars, or Crusades, initiated, supported and at times directed by the Latin Church in the medieval period. The objective was the recovery of the Holy Land from Islamic rule.
  • Period: 1098 to 1179

    Hildegard von Bingen

    Hildegard von Bingen, also known as Saint Hildegard and the Sibyl of the Rhine, was a German Benedictine abbess and polymath active as a writer, composer, philosopher, mystic and visionary during the High Middle Ages.
  • Period: 1150 to 1201


    Léonin was the first known significant composer of polyphonic organum. He was probably French, probably lived and worked in Paris at the Notre Dame Cathedral and was the earliest member of the Notre Dame school of polyphony and the ars antiqua style who is known by name
  • Period: 1150 to 1450

    Gothic Period

    It was a style of medieval art that developed in Northern France out of Romanesque art in the 12th century AD, led by the concurrent development of Gothic architecture. It spread to all of Western Europe, and much of Northern, Southern and Central Europe, never quite effacing more classical styles in Italy. In the late 14th century,
  • Period: 1155 to 1207

    Raimbaut de Vaqueiras

    He was a Provençal troubadour and, later in his life, knight. His life was spent mainly in Italian courts until 1203, when he joined the Fourth Crusade
  • Period: 1160 to 1230


    Pérotin was a composer associated with the Notre Dame school of polyphony in Paris and the broader ars antiqua musical style of high medieval music. He is credited with developing the polyphonic practices of his predecessor, Léonin, with the introduction of three and four-part harmonies
  • Period: 1291 to 1361

    Philippe de Vitry

    Philippe de Vitry was a French composer, music theorist and poet. He was an accomplished, innovative, and influential composer, and may also have been the author of the Ars Nova treatise.
  • Period: 1300 to 1350

    Ars Nova

    Ars nova refers to a musical style which flourished in France and the Burgundian Low Countries in the Late Middle Ages: more particularly, in the period between the preparation of the Roman de Fauvel and the death of composer Guillaume de Machaut in 1377.
  • Period: 1325 to 1397

    Francesco Bandini

    Francesco Bandini was a Roman Catholic prelate who served as Archbishop of Siena.
  • Period: 1347 to 1352

    The Bubonic Plague

    The plague that caused the Black Death originated in China in the early to mid-1300s and spread along trade routes westward to the Mediterranean and northern Africa. It reached southern England in 1348 and northern Britain and Scandinavia by 1350.
  • Period: 1397 to 1474

    Guillaume DuFay

    Guillaume Du Fay was a French composer and music theorist of the early Renaissance. Regarded as the leading European composer by his contemporaries, his music was widely performed and copied. Wikipedia
  • Period: 1420 to

    The Italian Renaissance

    The Italian Renaissance was a period in Italian history that covered the 14th through the 17th centuries. The period is known for the development of a culture that spread across Europe and marked the transition from the Middle Ages to modernity.
  • Period: 1435 to 1511

    Johannes Tinctoris

    Jehan le Taintenier or Jean Teinturier, Latinised in Johannes Tinctoris was a Renaissance composer and music theorist from the Low Countries. Up to his time, he is perhaps the most significant European writer on music since Guido of Arezzo.
  • Period: 1444 to 1510

    Sandro botticelli

    Alessandro di Mariano di Vanni Filipepi, known as Sandro Botticelli, was an Italian painter of the Early Renaissance. Botticelli's posthumous reputation suffered until the late 19th century, when he was rediscovered by the Pre-Raphaelites who stimulated a reappraisal of his work.
  • 1453

    The fall of Constantinople

    The fall of Constantinople
    The fall of Constantinople was the capture of the Byzantine Empire's capital by the Ottoman Empire. The city fell on 29 May 1453, the culmination of a 53-day siege which had begun on 6 April 1453.
  • Period: 1483 to 1546

    Martin Luther

    Martin Luther OSA was a German professor of theology, priest, author, composer, former Augustinian monk, and is best known as a seminal figure in the Protestant Reformation and as the namesake of Lutheranism. Luther was ordained to the priesthood in 1507.
  • Period: 1543 to

    William Byrd

    William Byrd was an English composer of the Renaissance. Widely considered to be one of the greatest composers of the Renaissance and one of the greatest British composers, he had a huge influence on composers both from his native England and those on the continent.
  • Period: 1545 to 1563

    Council of Trent

    The Council of Trent, held between 1545 and 1563 in Trent, was the 19th ecumenical council of the Catholic Church. Prompted by the Protestant Reformation, it has been described as the embodiment of the Counter-Reformation.
  • Period: 1564 to

    Galileo Galilei

    Galileo di Vincenzo Bonaiuti de' Galilei was an Italian astronomer, physicist and engineer, sometimes described as a polymath, from Pisa. Galileo has been called the "father of observational astronomy", the "father of modern physics", the "father of the scientific method", and the "father of modern science".
  • Period: 1564 to

    William Shakespeare

    William Shakespeare was an English playwright, poet, and actor, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's greatest dramatist. He is often called England's national poet and the "Bard of Avon".
  • Period: 1570 to

    John Farmer

    John Farmer was an important composer of the English Madrigal School. He was born in England during the Elizabethan period, and was also known by his skillful settings for four voices of the old church psalm tunes.
  • 1577

    The Protestant Reformation

    The Protestant Reformation
    The Protestant Reformation was a religious reform movement that swept through Europe in the 1500s. It resulted in the creation of a branch of Christianity called Protestantism, a name used collectively to refer to the many religious groups that separated from the Roman Catholic Church due to differences in doctrine.