Medieval Timeline

By TRAM.
  • 476

    Fall of Rome

    Fall of Rome
  • Period: 476 to Jan 1, 1485

    The Middle Ages

  • Jan 1, 793

    Viking raid on Lindisfarne

    Viking raid on Lindisfarne
    The Vikings raid Lindisfarne, which is now considered to be the start of the Viking Period.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1066 to Jan 1, 1087

    The reign of King William the Conqueror

  • Oct 14, 1066

    End of The Battle of Hastings

     End of The Battle of Hastings
    The Norman victory in the Norman Conquest of England, fought between the Norman army of Duke William II of Normandy and the English army of King Harold II. King Harold II (Harold Goodwinson) is defeated.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1087 to Jan 1, 1100

    The reign of King William Rufus (son of William)

  • Jan 1, 1099

    End of the First Crusade

    End of the First Crusade
    Jerusalem is re-taken from the Muslims after 3 years, on the preaching of Pope Urban II.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1100 to Jan 1, 1135

    The reign of King Henry I (William Rufus’ brother)

  • Jan 1, 1118

    The Knights Templar founded

    The Knights Templar founded
    The Knights Templar is founded, to protect Jerusalem and European pilgrims on their journey to the city
  • Period: Jan 1, 1135 to Jan 1, 1154

    Reign of King Stephen, Grandson of William the Conqueror.

  • Jan 1, 1149

    End of the Second Crusade

    End of the Second Crusade
    The Second Crusade was announced by Pope Eugene III, and was the first of the crusades to be led by European kings. It went for 4 years.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1154 to Jan 1, 1189

    The Reign of King Henry II

  • Period: Feb 13, 1189 to Feb 13, 1199

    The reign of King Richard I (third son of Henry II)

  • Jan 1, 1192

    End of the Third Crusade.

    End of the Third Crusade.
    Saladin manages to unite the Muslim world and recapture Jerusalem, sparking the Third Crusade. After 3 years, it turned out to be largely successful, yet fell short of its ultimate goal—the reconquest of Jerusalem.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1199 to Jan 1, 1216

    The reign of King John (fifth son of Henry II)

  • Jan 1, 1215

    Magna Carta is signed

    Magna Carta is signed
    The Magna Carta is signed, which was an important step in saying that the King could not put himself above the law. King John was forced to sign this document by a group of rebelling barons, but he refused. They went to war, and John died during battle.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1216 to Jan 1, 1272

    The reign of King Henry III (son of John)

  • Period: Jan 1, 1272 to Jan 1, 1307

    The reign of King Edward I (son of Henry III)

  • Jan 1, 1307

    The Knights Templar fall

    The Knights Templar fall
    The Knights of the Templar are rounded up and murdered by Philip the Fair of France, with the backing of the Pope. Philip was jealous of the Templars' wealth and power, and the enormous debt he owed them at the time, so he sought to seize their financial resources for himself.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1307 to Jan 1, 1327

    The reign of King Edward II (son of Edward I)

  • Jan 1, 1315

    The Great Famine begins

    The Great Famine begins
    The Great Famine begins, starting with bad weather in spring 1315, then universal crop failures lasted through 1316 until the summer of 1317. This period was marked by extreme levels of crime, disease, mass death and even cannibalism and infanticide.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1327 to Jan 1, 1377

    The reign of King Edward III (son of Edward II)

  • Jan 1, 1337

    The Hundred Years' War begins

    The Hundred Years' War begins
    This is the start of England and France's struggle for dominance of Western Europe. The war actually lasted 116 years but was punctuated by several periods of peace.
  • Jan 1, 1347

    The Black Death ravages Europe

    The Black Death ravages Europe
    The Black Death (or the Bubonic Plague) strikes, for the first of many times. It is predicted that it reduced the world's population from an estimated 450 million to between 350 and 375 million in 1400, making it one of the most devastating pandemics in human history.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1377 to Jan 1, 1399

    The reign of King Richard II (grandson of Edward III, son of the Black Prince)

  • Period: Jan 1, 1399 to Jan 1, 1413

    The reign of King Henry IV (grandson of Edward III, son of John of Gaunt)

  • Period: Jan 1, 1413 to Jan 1, 1422

    The reign of King Henry V (son of Henry IV)

  • Period: Jan 1, 1422 to Jan 1, 1461

    The reign of King Henry VI (son of Henry V)

  • Jan 1, 1453

    The Hundred Years' War ends

    The Hundred Years' War ends
    The Hundred Years' War ends, with the Battle of Castillon. The Battle of Castillon is generally considered the end of the Hundred Years' War as Henry VI's insanity and the Wars of the Roses left England in no position to wage war in France.
  • Jan 1, 1455

    The War of the Roses begins

    The War of the Roses begins
    The War of the Roses was a series of civil wars for the throne of England. It was fought between supporters of two rival branches of the Royal House of Plantagenet: the houses of Lancaster and York.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1461 to Jan 1, 1483

    The reign of King Edward IV ( youngest son of Edward III)

  • Period: Jan 1, 1483 to Jan 1, 1485

    The reign of King Richard III (uncle of Edward V)

  • Jan 1, 1485

    The War of the Roses ends

    The War of the Roses ends
    The final victory went to Henry Tudor, the Earl of Richmond. He went on to rule England and Wales for 117 years.
  • Jan 1, 1485

    The Tudor Dynasty begins

    The Tudor Dynasty begins
    After Henry Tudor rose to capture the throne in battle, he became Henry VII. He then married Elizabeth of York, uniting the former warring factions under a new dynasty.