Hundred years war

Hundred Years' War

By sn21203
  • 1328

    Introduction

    My timeline about The Hundred Years' War is going to help people better understand the events involved in this war, but before we jump right in, let's have some background knowledge.
    The Hundred Years' War actually lasted for 116 years (1337-1453) and it was between England and France.
    The event that initiated the war was Charles IV's death and how he did not have a son to take his place.
    With that information, let's jump into the first event!
  • 1328

    Citation for title picture

    The Hundred Years War - The Middle Ages - Facts for Kids. Accessed November 30, 2017. http://www.historyforkids.net/the-hundred-years-war.html.
  • Feb 1, 1328

    Charles IV's Death

    Charles IV of France died in 1328; no successor.
    Lead Edward III of England to be France’s ruler through his mother (sister of Charles IV).
    France did not want foreign leader so throne went to Charles' cousin, Philip VI.
    Law stated women could not rule or transmit the right to rule to sons.
    Another reason Edward did not become ruler.
    Both parties disagreed on the rightful heir to the throne hence leading to war.
  • Jun 24, 1340

    Citation for Battle of Sluys picture

    British Battles. Accessed November 30, 2017. https://www.britishbattles.com/one-hundred-years-war/battle-of-sluys/.
  • Jun 24, 1340

    Battle of Sluys

    Battle of Sluys
    England won.
    Fought at sea.
    England destroyed most of the French fleets.
    Prevented France from invading England.
    Led to most of the battles being fought in France.
  • Aug 26, 1346

    Battle of Crécy

    Battle of Crécy
    Another picture from the battle.
  • Aug 26, 1346

    Battle of Crécy

    Battle of Crécy
    England won.
    One of the most important battles.
    Surprisingly, England was the smaller army but won due to their longbows.
    Longbows were better than the French crossbow.
    It could execute more force, and the range of longbows can be shot farther.
    French knights wore heavy armory.
    Made men exhausted from charging miles uphill and fighting their way through mud.
    French archers misjudged the range so they shot too early and too low.
    Had no impact on the English army.
  • Aug 26, 1346

    Citation for first Battle of Crécy picture

    British Battles. Accessed November 30, 2017. https://www.britishbattles.com/one-hundred-years-war/battle-of-crecy/.
  • Aug 26, 1346

    Citation for second Battle of Crécy picture

    MD, Kurt Buzard, Nancy Burns Says, Warface Hack. Warface Aimbot Says, Best Garden Tiller For Large Garden Says, Hobo Joe Says, Marbolo Tom Says, Kurt Buzard MD Says, Regio Says, and Professor Regio Says. "Guns, Gunpowder and Longbows During the Hundred Years War." Travel To Eat. May 15, 2014. Accessed November 30, 2017. https://traveltoeat.com/guns-gunpowder-and-longbows-during-the-hundred-years-war/.
  • 1348

    Bubonic Plague

    Bubonic Plague
    Very little fighting in this time.
    Spread from a bacteria called Yersinia Pestis from infected rodents.
    Rapidly killed Europe’s population.
    Philip VI of France became victim to the Bubonic Plague.
  • 1348

    Citation for Bubonic Plague picture

    Clark, P. James. "Astrology of the Bubonic Plague." The Classical Astrologer. April 08, 2017. Accessed November 30, 2017. https://classicalastrologer.me/2013/04/30/bubonic-plague/.
  • 1356

    Bubonic Plague

    Period of the Bubonic Plague's impact on the Hundred Years' War ends.
    Fighting continues.
  • Sep 19, 1356

    Battle of Poitiers

    Battle of Poitiers
    England won.
    Captured King John II of France.
  • Sep 19, 1356

    Citation for Battle of Poitiers picture

    British Battles. Accessed November 30, 2017. https://www.britishbattles.com/one-hundred-years-war/battle-of-poitiers/.
  • May 8, 1360

    Treaty of Brétigny

    To get John II back, Treaty of Brétigny was signed.
    Resulted in England gaining parts of western France.
  • 1369

    Alliance with Castile

    French alliance with Castile.
    New ruler named Charles V lead to many small towns being won back for France.
  • 1389

    Alliance with Castile

    End of all the small towns being captured back to France.
  • 1389

    Peace

    Period of peace.
  • 1415

    Peace

    End of peace between England and France.
  • Oct 25, 1415

    Battle of Agincourt

    Battle of Agincourt
    Henry V of England invaded France due to failure of negotiations. England won.
    Major win for the English army due to their use of longbows.
    The English continued to capture land until Joan of Arc made an appearance.
  • Oct 25, 1415

    Citation for Battle of Agincourt picture

  • 1429

    Joan of Arc

    Joan of Arc
    Joan of Arc had visions from God to take back land from England.
    Led French army to success at the Siege of Orleans (1428-1429) and at the Battle of Patay.
    Victories made her famous.
    Battle of Patay changed the course of the war.
    Made the French more powerful.
    The reason French won this battle and the Hundred Years War.
    Enemies captured and burned her at the stake in 1431.
    France slowly gained back their territory after her death.
  • 1429

    Citation for Joan of Arc picture

    Lanhers, Yvonne, and Malcolm G.A. Vale. "Saint Joan of Arc." Encyclopædia Britannica. February 01, 2016. Accessed November 30, 2017. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Saint-Joan-of-Arc.
  • 1435

    Treaty of Arras

    France had a diplomatic win with the Treaty of Arras.
    Between Charles VII of France and Duke Philip of Burgundy.
    Recognized Charles VII as the king of France.
    Charles VII, in return, promised to punish the murders of Philip’s father.
    English did not accept the peace treaty and war continued.
    Charles VII and Duke Philip, who switched sides, fought together.
    Gained Paris from England.
  • 1453

    Citation for Battle of Castillon picture

    "Medievalchronicles.com." Battle of Castillon Picture. Accessed November 30, 2017. http://www.medievalchronicles.com/medieval-battles-wars/battle-of-castillon/battle_of_castillon/.
  • Jul 17, 1453

    Battle of Castillon

    Battle of Castillon
    France won.
    Considered the end of the Hundred Years War.
    England lost all territory of France except Calais.
    Calais was eventually returned to France in 1558 at the Siege of Calais.