The Middle Ages

  • 476

    The fall of Rome

    The fall of Rome
    The fall of rome marks the begging of the middle ages. In 476 AD empereror, Romulus Augustulus , is deposed by the barbarian general Odoacer. This event marks the end of one period and the begging of another.
  • Period: 476 to Dec 9, 1500

    middle ages

  • 500

    Battle of Mons Badonicus

    	Battle of Mons Badonicus
    The west saxon advance is stopped by the britons in england.
  • 535

    Gothic War in Italy

    	Gothic War in Italy
  • Dec 13, 633

    Battle of Heavenfield.

    	Battle of Heavenfield.
    Northumbrian army under Oswald defeat Welsh army.
  • Dec 13, 674

    First Arab siege of Constantinople.

    	First Arab siege of Constantinople.
    First time Islamic armies defeated, stalling Islamic conquest of Europe.
  • Dec 13, 718

    Second Arab attack on Constantinople

    Second Arab attack on Constantinople
    Ending in failure. The combined Byzantine–Bulgarian forces stop the Arab threat in Southeastern Europe.
  • Jan 25, 750

    Beginning of Abbasid Caliphate.

    Beginning of Abbasid Caliphate.
    Would become the longest lasting caliphate, until 1519 when conquered and annexed into the Ottoman Empire.
  • Dec 13, 793

    Sack of Lindisfarne. Viking attacks on Britain begin.

    	Sack of Lindisfarne. Viking attacks on Britain begin.
    Considered the beginning of the Viking Age that would span over two centuries, and reach as far south as Hispania and as far east as the Byzantine Empire, and present day Russia.
  • Dec 25, 800

    Charlemagne is crowned Holy Roman Emperor

    	Charlemagne is crowned Holy Roman Emperor
    With his crowning, Charlemagne's kingdom is officially recognized by the Papacy as the largest in Europe since the fall of the Roman Empire.
  • Jan 28, 814

    Death of Charlemagne.

    Death of Charlemagne.
    Would be a factor towards the splitting of his empire almost 30 years later.
  • Dec 13, 827

    Muslims invade Sicily.

    Muslims invade Sicily.
    First encounter of attempts to conquer Byzantine Sicily, until the last Byzantine outpost was conquered in 965.
  • Mar 21, 843

    Division of Charlemagne's Empire

    Division of Charlemagne's Empire
    Sets the stage for the founding of the Holy Roman Empire and France as separate states.
  • Sep 18, 885

    Arrival of the disciples of Saints Cyril and Methodius in Bulgaria

    Arrival of the disciples of Saints Cyril and Methodius in Bulgaria
    Creation of the Cyrillic script; in the following decades the country became the cultural and spiritual centre of the whole Eastern Orthodox part of the Slavic World.
  • Aug 20, 919

    Henry the Fowler, Duke of Saxony elected German King

    	Henry the Fowler, Duke of Saxony elected German King
    Henry is considered the founder and first king of the medieval German state.
  • Oct 22, 955

    Battle of Lechfeld. Otto the Great, son of Henry the Fowler, defeats the Magyars.

    	Battle of Lechfeld. Otto the Great, son of Henry the Fowler, defeats the Magyars.
    This is the defining event that prevents the Hungarians from entering Central Europe.
  • Dec 16, 962

    Otto the Great crowned the Holy Roman Emperor.

    	Otto the Great crowned the Holy Roman Emperor.
    First to be crowned Holy Roman Emperor in nearly 40 years.
  • Dec 16, 989

    Peace and Truce of God formed.

    Peace and Truce of God formed.
    The first movement of the Catholic Church using spiritual means to limit private war, and the first movement in medieval Europe to control society through non-violent means.
  • Dec 16, 1001

    Leif Ericson is to settle during the winter in present day Canada at L'Anse aux Meadows.

    	Leif Ericson is to settle during the winter in present day Canada at L'Anse aux Meadows.
    Ericson is to be the first European to settle in the Americas during the Norse exploration of the Americas.
  • Dec 16, 1054

    The East-West Schism which divided the church into Western Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy.

    The East-West Schism which divided the church into Western Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy.
    Tensions will vary between the Catholic and Orthodox churches throughout the Middle Ages.
  • Nov 25, 1066

    William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy, invades England and becomes King after the Battle of Hastings.

    	William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy, invades England and becomes King after the Battle of Hastings.
    End of Anglosaxon rule in England and start of Norman lineage.
  • Jul 20, 1099

    First Crusade

    	First Crusade
  • Sep 8, 1106

    Henry I of England defeats his older brother Robert Curthose, duke of Normandy, at the Battle of Tinchebrai

    Henry I of England defeats his older brother Robert Curthose, duke of Normandy, at the Battle of Tinchebrai
    This victory made a later struggle between England and the rising Capetian power in France inevitable.
  • Dec 18, 1118

    The Knights Templar are founded

    The Knights Templar are founded
    Becomes the most recognizable, and impactful military orders during the Crusades.
  • Dec 25, 1130

    Roger II is crowned King of Sicily, a royal title given him by the Antipope Anacletus II.

    	Roger II is crowned King of Sicily, a royal title given him by the Antipope Anacletus II.
  • Dec 18, 1147

    The Second Crusade

    The Second Crusade
    This was the first Crusade to have been led by European kings.
  • Aug 7, 1174

    King William I of Scotland, captured in the Battle of Alnwick by the English, accepts the feudal lordship of the English crown and does ceremonial allegiance at York.

    King William I of Scotland, captured in the Battle of Alnwick by the English, accepts the feudal lordship of the English crown and does ceremonial allegiance at York.
    This is the beginning of the gradual acquisition of Scotland by the English.
  • Dec 18, 1189

    The Third Crusade

    The Third Crusade
    Despite managing to win several major battles, the Crusaders did not recapture Jerusalem.
  • Dec 18, 1204

    Sack of Constantinople during the Fourth Crusade.

    Sack of Constantinople during the Fourth Crusade.
    Considered to be the beginning of the decline of the Byzantine Empire.
  • Jun 15, 1215

    The Magna Carta is sealed by John of England

    The Magna Carta is sealed by John of England
    This marks one of the first times a medieval ruler is forced to accept limits on his power.
  • Aug 18, 1227

    Genghis Khan dies.

    Genghis Khan dies.
    His kingdom is divided among his children and grandchildren: Empire of the Great Khan, Chagatai Khanate, Mongolian Homeland, and the Blue Horde and White Horde. (Which would later become the Golden Horde.
  • Dec 18, 1272

    Ninth Crusade

     Ninth Crusade
    Considered to be the Last Major Crusade to take place in the Holy Land.
  • Sep 29, 1273

    Rudolph 1 of Germany is elected Holy Roman Emperor.

    Rudolph 1 of Germany is elected Holy Roman Emperor.
    This begins the Habsburg de facto domination of the crown that lasted until is dissolution in 1806.
  • Dec 18, 1296

    Edward I of England invades Scotland

    Edward I of England invades Scotland
    This starts the first war of scotish independence.
  • Dec 18, 1298

    Marco Polo publishes his tales of China, along with Rustichello da Pisa.

    Marco Polo publishes his tales of China, along with Rustichello da Pisa.
    A key step to the bridging of Asia and Europe in trade.
  • Oct 13, 1307

    The Knights Templar are rounded up and murdered by Philip the Fair of France, with the backing of the Pope.

    The Knights Templar are rounded up and murdered by Philip the Fair of France, with the backing of the Pope.
    Hastens the demise of the order within a decade.
  • Dec 18, 1328

    The First War of Scottish Independence ends in Scottish victory

    The First War of Scottish Independence ends in Scottish victory
    With the Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton and de jure independence.
  • Dec 18, 1337

    The Hundred Years' War begins. England and France struggle for a dominating position in Europe and their region.

    The Hundred Years' War begins. England and France struggle for a dominating position in Europe and their region.
    The war will span through three/four different war periods within a 116 year period.
  • Dec 18, 1347

    The Black Death ravages Europe

    The Black Death ravages Europe
    The first of many concurrences of this plague, This was believed to have wiped out as many as 50% of Europe's population by its end.
  • Dec 18, 1381

    Peasants' Revolt in England.

    Peasants' Revolt in England.
    Quickest-spread revolt in English history
  • Oct 25, 1415

    Battle of Agincourt. Henry V and his army defeat a numerically superior French army

    Battle of Agincourt. Henry V and his army defeat a numerically superior French army
    The turning point in the Hundred Years' War for 15th Century England that lead to the signing of the Treaty of Troyes signed 5 years later, making Henry V heir of France.
  • May 30, 1431

    Trial and execution of Joan of Arc.

    Trial and execution of Joan of Arc.
    Death of the woman who helped turned the Hundred Years' War in favor of the French over the past two years.
  • Dec 18, 1453

    The Hundred Years' War ends.

    The Hundred Years' War ends.
    England's once vast territories in France is now reduced to only Calais, which they eventually lose control of as well.
  • Dec 18, 1492

    Christopher Columbus reaches the New World.

    Christopher Columbus reaches the New World.
    Age of Discovery into the New World begins.
  • Jan 9, 1500

    The Rennaissance begins

    The Rennaissance begins
    The Reinaissance period begins in Europe. It marks the end of the Middle Ages. The Reinaissance was a term coined by Petrarch which means a rebirth of classical Greek and Roman ideals.