Medieval knights 2 1

Medieval Timeline

By JC1842
  • 180

    Peak of Rome

    Peak of Rome
    Marcus Aurelius was Emperor of Rome, bringing the Empire to its peak in territory, economy and army. This was Rome's greatest period of power, and would be for the remainder of the Era.
  • Period: 180 to 476

    Roman Empire

    The Roman Empire was an extremely successful era. A great many inventions were created during the Roman's reign and many things such as roads aqueducts and irrigation still stand today. The modern times have learnt a great deal about the clean and hygenic society that lasted for over just over 500 years.
  • 410

    Visgoths Sack Rome

    Visgoths Sack Rome
    The Visgoths, or Goths, led by their leader and former Roman soldier Aloric, choked Rome from food and water for two years. After weakening the Romans from the inside, killing and starving their people, they stormed Rome and gained control.
  • 455

    Vandals Sack Rome

    Vandals Sack Rome
    The Vandals, or as Roman called them, Barbarians, sacked Rome in 455. Historians believe Rome's power and armies were starting to crumble, forcing them to recruit outsiders, risking the chance of letting in Barbarians, (outsiders). Vandals got inside Rome's walls and attacked from the inside.
  • 455

    Saxons Invade Europe

    Saxons Invade Europe
    It is not certain exactly when the Anglo-Saxons invaded the British, but we do know that the Romans had previously left Briton to defend their own country against the Visgoths, leaving the British defenceless against the opportunity seeking Saxons.
  • 476

    Fall of Rome

    Fall of Rome
    Historians count this date as the fall of Rome because the last reigning Emperor of Rome died and was never replaced, marking the end of the Roman Empire.
  • 476

    Fall of Rome

    Fall of Rome
  • Period: 476 to Jan 1, 1066

    Dark Ages

    The Dark Ages lasted for about 300 years and was essentially described as a glum and unforgiving time in history by philosophers. Europe was ridden with many different barbarian kingdoms and civilisations who lived harsh and brutal lives.
  • 537

    King Arthur's Death

    King Arthur's Death
    The date of King Arthur's birth is unkown, but his death date is said to have been in 537, during the war of Camlann where he is said to have died in battle. There are no other factual historical dates provided by history, apart from legends and folktales.
  • Jan 11, 732

    Battle of Tours

    Battle of Tours
    This battle was fought between the Franks, who were settlers in Europe from Germany, and a Muslim army attacking their city, Tours.
  • Jan 1, 742

    Charlemagne's Birth

    Charlemagne's Birth
    Charlemagne was King of the Franks, who were a large German colonization in Europe. He expanded much of the Frank's land and did many great feats for his people during his lifetime.
  • Jan 1, 768

    Charlemagne made King of Franks

    Charlemagne made King of Franks
    Charlemagne is made King of Franks by succeeding his Father and had to share his rule with his brother, Carloman I.
  • Dec 25, 800

    Charlemagne made Emperor of Romans

    Charlemagne made Emperor of Romans
    Pope Leo III was a disliked Pope who beleived that Christianity should be in charge rather than the Frank's goverment. Pope Leo III presented Charlemagne with the title and crown of "Holy Roman Emperor." Charlemagne, seeking power, could not resist such a title and accepted. Pope Leo's plan was that because of Charlemagne's religious role rather than goverment role, the church and Christianity could take charge of his actions, meaning that whatever the church gives, it can also take.
  • Jan 28, 813

    Charlemagne's Death

    Charlemagne's Death
    Charlemagne died of pleurisy at 9am at the age of 72 years old. He had experienced a great life, 47 years of reigning king. He passed his leadership down to his only son, Louis the Pious.
  • Jan 1, 856

    Vikings Invade Europe

    Vikings Invade Europe
  • Period: Jan 1, 1066 to Jan 1, 1485

    Middle Ages

    The Middle Ages is what most people can relate to as the times of castles and knights and dragons. Christianity bloomed during this time and the goverment Europe had in place was practically overpowered by the faith in religion which essentially became and created 'The Holy Roman Empire.'
  • Sep 28, 1066

    Normans Invade Europe

    Normans Invade Europe
    William the Conqueror who was the Duke of Normandy attacked England and controlled the lad permanently, although the country still stuck by the name England. Rebellions, resistances and uprisings against William the Conqueror continued until around 1088 when the government settle and life continued on.
  • Jan 1, 1096

    The First Crusade

    The First Crusade
    This Crusade was an attempt from Roman Catholic Europe to reclaim Jerusalem and the Holy Land which was invaded by the Muslims in the 6th century.
  • Jan 1, 1147

    The Second Crusade

    The Second Crusade
    This Crusade lasted for four years and was launched by Europe to conquer Anatolia. Two seperate armies attacked and both were repelled by the Turks. They also tried to conquer Damascus in desperation but where also repelled. The Second Crusade was a failure.
  • Jan 1, 1189

    The Third Crusade

    The Third Crusade
    This Crusade went on for 3 years and was also known as the King's Crusade. European leaders successfully reclaimed The Holy Land which they had already done in the First Crusade. Their final goal was to reconquer Jerusalem as well but were unsuccessful.
  • Jan 1, 1212

    The Children's Crusade

    The Children's Crusade
    This Crusade is doubted to have ever occured according to a research finding in 1977, but essentially it was a large gathering of children converting Muslims in the Holy Land to to Christianity. It was started by a boy who beleived he had been contacted by Jesus and was told to lead children and convert the Muslims. Historians now say that this may have not been parading children, but wandering poor.
  • Jan 9, 1254

    Marco Polo's Birth

    Marco Polo's Birth
    Marco Polo is a famous explorer who embarked on many journeys and adventures, one including travelling to Asia for a full 24 years. Marco Polo has inscpired many people, some of which included Christopher Columbus who allegedly discovered America. The is also an airport in Vienna named after him.
  • Jan 1, 1293

    Marco Polo Imprisoned

    Marco Polo Imprisoned
    When Marco Polo returned from his exploration of Asia, he came back to find Venice and Genoa at war. The Genoan army captured him and imprisoned him for 6 years until the war was over. Apparently he dictated all of his stories to his cellmate until his release in 1199
  • Jan 1, 1299

    Marco Polo Released

    Marco Polo Released
    Marco Polo was released in 1199 from prison after the war between Venice and Genoa his finished. After he was let out, Marco Polo became a wealthy merchant, married and had three children.
  • Jan 1, 1324

    Marco Polo's Death

    Marco Polo's Death
    Marco Polo died peacefully in his home at the age of 72. He died of a sickness similiar to cancer, but they did not know of cancer in his time. He was buried in San Lorenzo.
  • Jan 1, 1348

    The Black Death

    The Black Death
    The Black Death was a plague spread by rodents such as rats, and fleas. They carried a bacteria called Yersinia Pestis, which caused many different symptoms. You may get huge lumps in your skin filled with puss, or black blotches. You will feel ill and might get dilerious or crazy. Some survived only hours within getting infected. This pandemic lasted for around 2 years. This plague was estimated to have killed over 100 million people!
  • Jan 1, 1485

    The Renaissance Starts

    The Renaissance Starts
    There is no specific date in history when people declared the Renaissance had begun. Historians have chosen this date because it is around the time when new inventions and new ways of life were starting, education was re-introduced and government stabilised. Renaissance means, "revival of learning and culture." It was a rise of the modern world, where arts and music were re-introduced, things lost during the Middle Ages which used to thrive during the Roman reign.