History and life

History timeline

  • Period: 150 to 568

    Invasions of the Germanic tribes

    German video The Germanic tribes threaten the Roman Empire and forced their way into it, specially the Western Empire. They came from the North Westearn frontere, they were big number and good warriors. The main tribes were the Visigoths, Ostrogoths, Vandals, Franks, Lombards, Burgundais, Alemanni, Saxons, Angles and Jutes.
  • 250

    Christianity in the Roman World

    Christianity in the Roman World
    Christianity became a strong religion because people looked for charity and hope in the church, while the Empire was declining. The main cities of Christianity were Rome, Constantinople, Alexandria and Antioquia, but the religion in this cities had some differences in dogma, because within the enormous distances and the lack of communication the spreading of the religion was difficult and inaccurated.
  • 313

    Christianity in the 4th century

    Christianity in the 4th century
    Christianity became a legal religion because of the Edict of Milan and later became the official religion. So Christians had to pay a tax of there 10% of their income, called Tenth. Latin became the language of the Church.
  • Period: 330 to

    Byzantine Empire

  • 367

    Attacks of the Anglo-Saxon

    Attacks of the Anglo-Saxon
    The Anglo-Saxons destroyed the Roman civilization in Britain and set up rival kingdoms. They had a weak central goverment that was run by common people. They are some records that may contain the first recorded indications of the movement of these Germanic tribes to Britain, such as the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle.
  • 395

    Division of the Roman Empire

    Division of the Roman Empire
    Theodosius divided the Empire into 2 parts, each one for his two sons. There was also a lack of communication and different cultures between this parts of the Empire. Finally the Western Empire remained with the capital in Rome and the Eastern Empire with the capital in Constantinople.
  • 476

    Fall of the Western Roman Empire

    Fall of the Western Roman Empire
    Since the 5th century the Western Roman Empire started to decline. There were some political causes such as corruption, weak government and that the generals struggled to become emperors. The economy wasn't so good too. There was poverty, unemployment, inflation, the imports began to exceed the exports. The social unrest, was also present. Finally with the invasions of the German tribes, the Empire broke down.
  • Period: 477 to May 23, 950

    Christendom

    It was a civilization that developed in the lands that had composed the W.R.E, that started just after the fall of this Empire and in the start of the Middle Ages (5thC-10thC). This civilization had some characteristics: the people moved to the countryside (ruralization), their main activity was farming and no more trade, the Roman and Germanic cultures mixed, Christianity became the only religion, the Pope held both religious and political power, and there was territorial fragmentation.
  • Oct 14, 622

    Muslims

    Muslims
  • Period: Sep 9, 803 to Mar 13, 1308

    Feudalism

    feudalism
    Feudalism was a new system based on land ownership and personal loyalty. The lords were the landowners and the people they ruled were dependent on them for livelihood. The lord owned all the land and divided them into the vassals as a reward for their military service. The land each vassal had were called manors or feud, and they were self sufficient.
  • Jan 16, 814

    Invasion of the Vikings

    Invasion of the Vikings
    During Charlemagne's rule, the Empire was invaded by pirates from Scandinavia. This were called Vikings. They sailed from the North to the Western Coast of Europe, were they burned and sacked the cities, specially in Normandy. There, in the year 911, they establish a government and turn the religion to Christianity.
  • May 3, 843

    Division of the Caroligian Empire

    Division of the Caroligian Empire
    The Carolingian Empire, broke into pieces, because of the Treaty of Verdun, and each piece was divided into feuds. There were 3 main reasons for the division: Inefficient and difficult tax collection, unsafe and bad roads (isolation) and The Invasions of the 9thC. Finally the lands that were before of this Empire were renamed West Frankland, The Middle Kingdom of Lothair, and East Frankland.
  • Apr 10, 886

    Invasions of the Magyars

    Invasions of the Magyars
    At the end of the 9th C. the nomadic Magyars (from Ural Mts.) attacked central Europe. In the late 10thC., they adopted Christianity and built a new state, Hungary.
  • Nov 7, 896

    Invasions of the Muslims

    Invasions of the Muslims
    The Muslims built an Empire to the south and pushed into southern Italy and the southern coast of West Frankland where they sacked towns and sold their coptives in the slave market of North Africa.
  • Period: Sep 21, 987 to Apr 10, 1328

    Capetian Dynasty

    This family started ruling since 987 in the Ille de France in Paris. The first king was Hugh Capet. The people loved him, because he established a goverment which was better tha the feudal system. With each year the kings elarged their territory and started creating what it will become the kingdom of France. They couldn´t develop a good parlament but when Louis IX was king he set up a system of a royal code of laws.
  • Mar 19, 1066

    Battle of Hastings

    Battle of Hastings
    The Battle of Hastings was between William the Conqueror and Harold. This was caused because the last English king had died and William said he was his sussesor, but instead Harold said he should be the king and the English named him king. He established a new dynasty as king of England, the Norman Dynasty. This battle took place when William the Conqueror crossed the English Channel and attacked the English king.
  • Period: Aug 9, 1096 to Sep 3, 1204

    Main Crusades

    There were wars, where the Christians fought against the Muslims. The were called like that because these Christians that fought were marked by the cross of god, that's why they called themselves Crusaders. The wars started when the Muslims threaten Constantinople and the emperor asked the Pope for help. During the wars, there was a creation of states called the Crusaders State, near Holy land. After them, the Muslims, viewed the Christians as enemies, but the trade over the Mediterranean grew
  • Period: Dec 8, 1210 to Nov 12, 1538

    Renaissance

    Renaissance pwrpRenaissnce is a period of great cultural change, that began in Italy. It was an artistic, philosophical, and scientific revolution, that quickly spread to southern Europe.
  • Nov 19, 1215

    Magna Carta

    Magna Carta
    In the 13th C. England was ruled by a Norman dynasty and at the first part of the century, John was the king. He was cruel so the nobles forced him to sign the Magna Carta in 1215. It is the base of the actual English legal system, and it consists in 3 principals: the Law is above the king, the king is forced to obey the laws, there is equal justice under the law.
  • Nov 19, 1295

    Parliament

    Parliament
    This was another English institution which was form by a group of nobles, clergy and a representative of each county, which were the advisors of the king. The king had to respect the Parliament.
  • Period: Aug 22, 1337 to Dec 12, 1453

    Hundred Years' War

    It was a war between England and France, and it was brought because when the last Capet died he didn't left a male heir, so Edward III (England), claimed the throne of France. This let the war who at the begginings was being won by the English. But Joan of Arc, a French woman, had viewed sints that calling her to save the country. She did so, and she also made the French nationalism and patriotism grow among the people. France finally recovered and gain new lands.
  • Nov 14, 1350

    Capitalism

    Capitalism
    Is an economic system based on private property by individuals or groups of individuals (partners), that produced goods or services, and that compete in a free market for profit. This profit is to be invested to get more profit.
  • Jun 12, 1352

    Revival of towns

    Revival of towns
    In the 4th C. the people moved from the countryside to the towns, this made the town have more industry, crafts and active trade. There was also use of money and the banking activities alowed the trade to be easier.
  • Mar 17, 1368

    National Monarchies

    National Monarchies
    In the 14th C. some countries left the feudalism and adapted the monarchy. This countries were: England, France, Spain and Portugal. Here the king had absolute power over his kingdom. The people shared nationality, land, language, religion, culture and the feeling of patriotism.
  • Jan 20, 1492

    Reconquista

    Reconquista
    Since the 9thC. the Moors (Muslims), crossed the Gibraltar Strait and pushed the Visigoths, who were living in the Iberian Pla. to the North. The Moors established a kingdom at the South of the pla. called the Kingdom of Cordova; while the Visigoths at the North set up the kingdom of Asturia-Leon. The Northenr kingdom wanted to regain the South, taken by the Moors in a process of wars called Reconquista. Finally in 1492, Muslims were forced back to North Africa
  • Oct 12, 1492

    Discovery of America

    Discovery of America
    Flashcards1From the 15thC.there were some changes, such as artistic, geographical and technological improvements. They developed two square sails and a triangular sail.They also adopted better navigational devises, like compass and the astrolabe. This new advances let voyages by boat, and so the discovery of America by Christopher Columbus
  • Period: Oct 12, 1492 to Nov 27, 1550

    Conquering of America

    Flashcards2America was conquered by mainly the Spanish and the Portuguese between these years. The Spanish sent "adelantados" who explored and conquered the lands. The main conquerors of Spain were Cortés, who conquered Mexico and Pizarro, who conquered Perú.
  • Nov 21, 1494

    First American City

    First American City
    In 1949 the first American city was founded by the Spanish. This city is called Santo Domingo, actual capital of Dominican Republic in the Caribean island of La Hispaniola.
  • Oct 31, 1517

    Reformation and Counter Reformation

    Reformation and Counter Reformation
    C-MapAnglicanism<a href= Happened at the 16th C and new religios were created
  • Period: Apr 7, 1550 to

    Absolutism

    Absolutism was a new system of government, where the monarchies had a complete control over their nations. A ruler had complete authority over the government and people. He controlled and creted the laws, collected the taxes and had all control over the royal armies. In a book named Leviathan, written by Thomas Hobbes, he explains why Absolutism was so important, though the people were selfish and greedy and they would be constantly at war unless a stronger force was there to control them.
  • Revolutions

    Revolutions
    There were some consequences of the dicsovery of this 'new continent' such us the commercial and ecological revolution or slavery. The ecological reevolution happened when new types of plants and animals were interchanged between continents. this changed the enviropment, geography and life of people. Instead the commercial revolution was the growth of modern capitalism, with joined stock companies, and the recent flux of gold and silver that went to Europe. Slavery also increased.
  • Crisis of the 17th C

    Crisis of the 17th C
    Up to th 17th Century, Spain was the most powerfull coutry, though it had trade, gold, many territories and people. But that huge amount of gold that come from America, Spain sold it to England and France, and bought them manufactures. France and England thought they must expoprt more than what they import (mercanilism). So this counties stored all the gold and when it didn't come more to Europe; Fr. and Egl. remained rich while Spain don't.