Chakri dynastry

Chakri Dynasty 1782- Present

  • Rama I

    Rama I
    Phra Phutthayotfa Chulalok, also known as Rama I was born on March 20, 1737 to 7 September, 1809 from a Mon and Chinese ancestor. He had served King Taksin in the war against the Burmese Konbaung Dynasty in 1767, and helped in the reunification of Siam. He was the founder and the first monarch of the reigning House of Chakri in 1782. His full title is Thai is Phra Bat Somdet Phra Paramoruracha Mahachakkriborommanat Phra Phutthayotfa Chulalok.
  • Rattanakosin

    Rattanakosin is the fourth and present period of the establishment of The Kingdom of Siam or Thailand in present day. King Rama I first decision after accessed the throne was to move the capital across the river to the village of Bang Makok, which nowadays become the city of Bangkok. The new capital was located of the island of Rattanakosis, which protected the capital from the invasion. The island location is better than the old capital Thon buri, which surrounded by a series of canals.
  • Period: to

    The Chakri Dynasty

    In April 1782, Choa Phraya Chakri, a general in King Taksin of Thon buri was reclaiming Siam, Accepted the throne of Kingdom of Siam established the Chakri Dynasty and was named Rama I. The Social philosophy of Siam during Rattanakosin period adapted from Ayutthaya concepts of the divine right of Kings and the division of society, nobles and commoners.The Chakri Dynasty continues to be successful in managing the Kingdom to the present day for more than 200 years under 10 rulers.
  • Rama II

    Rama II
    Phara Phuttaloetle Naphalai, (24 February 1767-21 July 1824), Rama II succeeded his father Rama I in 1809. During his reign was also knows as the “Golden Age of Ratanakosin Literature” there were no major conflict and was largely peaceful. One of his favorites is poetry and literature. He established the education and the examination system of Buddhism by dividing it into 9 levels and restored Vesak festival in 1817
  • Foreign Relation

    In 1810, King Rama II sent the first mission Rattanakosin to China with the re connection with Qing Dynasty under Jiaqing Emperor. Since the presence of Western power had reduced Siam to a small scale because the ceased to encourage foreign influence results from the Napoleonic Wars, which meant little contact with foreigners. However, the wars caused many changes in Southeast Asia and the arrival of imperialism.
  • Rama III

    Rama III
    King Nangklao, Rama III (Mar 31,1788- Apr 2,1851) He succeeded his father, King Rama II in July 1824 after his sudden death. King Rama III succession was unusual according to the traditions because he was not a queen son. King Nangklao was famous for his Buddhist faith, beside fed the poor and released animals every monastery day. He also built and repaired countless temples. The military hegemony of Siam was established by putting down the Laotian Rebellion, Siamese-Vietnamese War.
  • The Renewal of Western Contracts

    The Renewal of Western Contracts
    In 1822, British East India company sent John Crawfurd to Siam to laid the ground work request for Siam support in First Anglo-Burmese War(1824). King Nangklao sent Siam armies to participate in the invasion of Burma with the promised of conquered lands. However, King Nangklao ordered the Siamese armies to leave to avoid conflict with British.
    In 1825, Burney Treaty was first treaty with the west with purpose was to established free trade in Siam to reduce taxation on foreign trading ships.
  • Rama IV

    Rama IV
    Known as King Mongkut(October 18,1804- October 1,1868) ruling Siam from 1851-1868 after a succession over his half brother, King Nangklao. Outside Thailand, he best know as the King in the musical film The King and I, based on Noval by American missionary about Anna Leonowens during 1862 to 1867. King Mongkut embraced Western innovation and modernization, both in technology and culture. He earn the nick name “the father of Science and Technology” in Siam.King Mongkut access the throne at age 47
  • The Boring Treaty

    The Boring Treaty
    The Bowring Treaty, in 1854 was regarded an unequal treaty imposed by the British Empire on Siam. With the main principle to abolish the Royal storage, which will reduce the taxation for the foreign traders.
  • First Newspaper

    First Newspaper
    The developing of printing machine and the first newspaper, the Bangkok Recorder.
  • Rama V

    Rama V
    King Chulalongkorn,Rama V was born on Sept 20, 1853, he succeed the throne after his father death of malaria in 1968. His reign was characterized by the modernization of Siam. As the Siam was threatened by the western expansionism,he managed to save Siam from colonization.King Chulalongkorn was an enthusiastic reformer. Before he succeed the throne he visited India,Java and Singapore study about the administration of British colonies,which later was a source of his ideas of modernization of Siam
  • Abolition of Slavery

    Abolition of Slavery
    King Chulalongkorn major reformation was his abolition of Siamese slavery. Which was the system since Ayutthaya in 1518. The abolition in Siam was opposite with the abolition of slavery in the United States with the bloodshed of American civil war.
  • First geography book

    King Mongkut, adapted the European Style education to the education system in Siam. Mainly, the missionaries as teachers to teach modern geography and astronomy, also English. The first geography book was published six years after his death, called Phumanithet by J.W. Van Dyke, 1974.
  • Democracyof Siam

    Democracyof Siam
    King Chulalongkorn was the first Siamese king to send royal princes to Europe to be educated. The princes were influenced by the liberal notions of democracy and encountered the republics like France and constitutional monarchies like United Kingdom. King Chulalongkorn was skeptical about making the reforms due to the advised from Siamese officials in Europe in order to avoided the threats from colonialism.
  • Conflict with French Indochina

    Conflict with French Indochina
    After Cambodia was forced to put country under French protectorate and the cession of Cambodia was formulated except the inner Cambodia which consisting of Battambang, Siem Reap and Srisopon was remained a Siamese possession and many other territorial cessions. However, this conflict caused the lost of Siam territorial both in the Northeast and Southeast area. These major event led to the established of Rotal Thai Naval Academy.
  • Rama VI

    Rama VI
    King Vajiravudh, Rama VI(January 1, 1880- November 25,1925) was appointed to be a crown Prince of Siam after his half brother Price Vajirunhis died. He was educated in Britain at the Royal Military College, He best known for his efforts to create and promote Siamese nationalism and during his reign was characterized by the Siam movement towards democracy and minimal participation in WWI in 1910. He succeeded his father as a king of Siam in 1910.
  • Education establishment

    Education establishment
    He established the Boy Scouts and built the all boy boarding school in the same tradition as English public school such as Eton and Harrow. Also, develop Chulalongkorn University, which was the elite institution in Thailand nowadays. He also improved the healthcare system and set up the earliest Hospital in 1912 and 1914
  • Modernization and Democracy

    Modernization and Democracy
    Inherited Rama V plan for building modern nation, King Vajiravudh borrowed fund to built Don Mueang Airport and Railway Station for transportation. Also he built Dusit Thani near Dusit Palace as an experimental site for democracy and implementing the democratic institutions, parliament and the press.
  • Rama VII

    Rama VII
    King Prajadhipok(Nov 8,1893-May 30,1941) also known as King Rama VII. He was the last absolute monarch and the first constitutional monarch of the country. His reign was a turbulent time for Siam due to the political and social change of the evolution of 1932. His brother King Rama VI had ordered him to returned to Siam during the WWI and was granted the high-ranking in military in Siam.
  • Abdicated King

    Abdicated King
    King Rama VII was a quite man. Him and His wife, Princes Rambhai Barni was exile to Britain during the revolution. He is the only monarch in Chakri Dynasty who was abdicated.
    Suddenly King Prajadhipok accessed the throne, relatively unprepared for his new responsibilities together with the problems of the deficit and the entire world faces the Great Depression. It was not an easy situation rather it was overwhelming for someone that unlikely to succeed the throne.
  • Rama VIII

    Rama VIII
    King Ananda Mahidol, also know as King Rama VIII. The National Assembly recognized him as king in March 1935, when he was living in Switzerland; he was only nine years old. He returned to Thailand in December 1945, but he was found shot dead six months later. He was the first son of Prince Mahidol Adulyadej of Songkhla and Mom Sangwal. They were traveling around Paris, Lausanne and then Massachusetts. Where his father Prince Mahidol study medicine at Harvard
  • Succession

    Upon King Prajadhipok abdicated in 1935 due to the political and the succession law. Many candidates were passed some deceased or some have no living son. Thus the King Ananda Mahidol was the rightful king in line.
  • Rama IX

    Rama IX
    King Bhumibol Adulyadej ( Dec 5,1927 – Oct 13,2016) was the ninth monarch of Thailand, conferred witht the title King Bhumibol the Great in 1987. King Bhumibol’s reign was the longest in the world and in Thai history for over 70 years. The King was born in the United States of America. He was the youngest of Prince Mahidol, the Prince of SongKla. He succeeded the thone in 1946 after the assassination of King Ananda, his brother.
  • The Kings interest

    The Kings interest
    King Bhumipol passion about photography since his mother, Mom Sangwal, gave him first camera. He was a jazz enthusiast, he play saxophone and passion about music though tout his life. He also interested in French literature, latin, and greek. Among King Bumibol creativity he was a painter, author, translator, scientist, and a Sailor and sailor boat designer.
  • Royal Power

    Royal Power
    King Bhumibol retained enormous powers because of his immerse popularity and power as a Kings. Subject to Thailand the King had the power is separated from the political and government. Under the protecting by lese-majeste laws any allowed critics to be jail for three to fifteen years. However, after the October,1976 massacre the laws were toughened. The criticism of any royal member, development projects, and royal institution of Chakri Dynasty or previos Thai king was also banned.
  • Rama X

    Rama X
    King Maha Vajiralongkorn Bodindradebayavarangkun, Rama X, succeeded the throne over King Rama XI in October 2016. He is the oldest Thai monarch to ascend the throne. He is the only Son of King Bhumipol and Queen Sirikit. He was crown prince by his father at the age of 20 by his father. He graduated from the Royal Military College, Australia. He served as a career officer in the Royal Thai Army. He hold the rank of General in the Royal Thai Army, Royal Thai Navy, and Royal Thai Air Force.
  • Development plan

    Development plan
    King Vajiralongkorn interested in agriculture development, which focus on various fields such as livestock, fisheries, plants, and land development. His interest focused on the increase productivity and the improvement of quality of agriculture. He also focus on education and medical and health care system as well.