The Middle Ages

By annolfi
  • 476

    The Roman Empire Falls

    The Roman Empire Falls
    The Roman Empire falls when Odoacer (German) deposed Romulus Augustulus (young boy emperor).
  • 493

    Ostrogoths Conquer Italy

    Ostrogoths Conquer Italy
    Theodoric killed Odoacer and established himself as ruler of Italy.
  • 500

    Covis Converts

    Covis Converts
    The leader of the Franks. Clovis converts to Roman Catholicisim, earning him the support of the church. He spends the next decade establishing the Frankish Kingdom in modern day France and Germany.
  • 526

    Theodoric Dies

    Theodoric Dies
    His successors soon found themselves face to face with oppositon from the imperial forces of the Roman Empire.
  • 526

    The Lombard Conquer Italy

    The Lombard Conquer Italy
    Unlike the Ostrogoths, the Lombards care little for Roman traditions.
  • 527

    Justinian becomes Emperor

    Justinian becomes Emperor
    Justinian is determined to reestablish the Roman Empire
  • 533

    Byzantines battle Vandals

    Byzantines  battle Vandals
    Justinian's general, Belisarius fights two major battles in North Africa.
  • 535

    Occupation of Sicily

    Occupation of Sicily
    Belisarius takes Sicily back from the Ostrogoths.
  • 542

    A Plague Breaks Out

    A Plague Breaks Out
    A plague breaks out in the eastern Roman Empire badly damaging economy. This makes the re-conquest of Italy impossible to maintain.
  • 552

    Ostrogoths Defeated

    Ostrogoths Defeated
    Belisarius finally defeats the Ostrogoths in an invasion more devastating than all the previous Barbaria invasions.
  • 570

    Muhammad Born in Mecca

    Muhammad Born in Mecca
    Muhammad would be orphaned at age five but go on later to the prophet of the Islam faith.
  • Jan 1, 622

    The Departure

    The Departure
    Muhammad leaves Mecca and travels to lathrib which is later renamed Medina. This becomes year one of the Muslim calendar.
  • Jan 1, 630

    Muhammad Conquers Mecca

    Muhammad Conquers Mecca
    From Mecca, Muhammad's ideas of Islam spread quickly across the Arabian pennisula.
  • Jan 1, 650

    Persian Emprie Falls

    Persian Emprie Falls
    The Persian Empire falls. It is conquered by the Muslim forces.
  • Jan 1, 661

    Ali Assassinated

    Ali Assassinated
    General Muawiya kills Muhammad's son in law, which makes him caliph of the Muslim Empire. This established Ummayyad Dynasty.
  • Jan 1, 711

    Muslims conquer Spain

    Muslims conquer Spain
    Muslims destroy Visigothic Kingdom.
  • Jan 1, 714

    Charles Martel

    Charles Martel
    Charles Martel becomes Mayor of the palace of Austria in the Frankish Kingdom.
  • Jan 1, 718

    Muslim Fleat Destroyed

    Muslim Fleat Destroyed
    Byzantines destroy Muslim Navy at Constantinople saving the Byzantine Empire and Christian Europe.
  • Jan 1, 732

    Battle of Poitiers (Tours)

    Battle of Poitiers (Tours)
    Charles Martel leads groups that defeat the Muslims, earning him the nickname "The Hammer".
  • Jan 1, 741

    Charles Martel Dies

    Charles Martel Dies
    By this point, he was the virtual leader of the three Mervingian Kingdoms of the Franks.
  • Jan 1, 741

    Pepin Becomes King of the Franks

    Pepin Becomes King of the Franks
    The son of Charles Martel deposed the Merovingian Dynasty.
  • Jan 1, 750

    Ummayyads Overthrown

    Ummayyads Overthrown
    Abbasids assume control of Muslim Empire.
  • Jan 1, 768

    Charles the Great

    Charles the Great
    Pepin's death brings his son Charles (Charlemagne) to the throne.
  • Jan 1, 773

    Franks Conquer Italy

    Franks Conquer Italy
    Charlemagne's armies invade Italy and crush the Lomards.
  • Jan 1, 777

    The Song of Roland

    The Song of Roland
    Charlemagne's army fails to invade Spain and the real guard is ambused in the retreat that is later served as inspiration for the Song of Roland.
  • Jan 1, 800

    Charlemagne Becomes Emperor

    Charlemagne Becomes Emperor
    After helping supress a rebellion against the authority of Pope Leo II, Charlemagne is declared emperor of Romans.
  • Jan 1, 804

    Franks Conquer Saxons

    Franks Conquer Saxons
    After eighteen campaigns Saxony is finally added to the Carolingian domain.
  • Jan 1, 843

    Treaty of Verdun

    Treaty of Verdun
    Charlemagne's sons sign the treaty dividing his empire into separate kingdoms for each of them.
  • Jan 1, 879

    Alfred the Great

    Alfred the Great
    The king of Wessicks defeats a danish army setting the stage for a powerful monarchy to form in England.
  • Jan 1, 911

    Vikings Settled in France

    Vikings Settled in France
    A group of Vikings is given land in France that eventually becomes Normandy.
  • Jan 1, 1016

    Danes Invade England

    Danes Invade England
    King Canute continued English traditions and supported the Catholic church.
  • Jan 1, 1042

    The Anglo-Saxon King is Restored

    The Anglo-Saxon King is Restored
    Edward the Confessor assumes the crown, replacing the short lived Danish line.
  • Jan 1, 1066

    William the Conquerer

    William the Conquerer
    William of Normandy invades England defeating Harold Godwinson.
  • Jan 1, 1095

    Turks Defeat the Byzantines

    Turks Defeat the Byzantines
    Byzantine Army defeated by Muslim Turks causing Byzantine to seek help from the Pope.
  • Jan 1, 1095

    Counsel of Clairemont

    Counsel of Clairemont
    Pope Urban II calls European leaders to join a holy war to free Jerusalem from Muslim control.
  • Jan 1, 1099

    Jerusalem Captured

    Jerusalem Captured
    After a five week sege the First Crusade captures Jerusalem.
  • Jan 1, 1100

    The Song of Roland is Written

    The Song of Roland is Written
    The Song of Roland is based off of Charlemagne's defeat in Spain.
  • Jan 1, 1144

    Muslims Strike Back

    Muslims Strike Back
    Muslims reconquer the territory claimed in the First Crusade. This led to a Second Crusade which was a total failure.
  • Jan 1, 1176

    Failed Invasion of Italy

    Failed Invasion of Italy
    Fredrick I is defeated by an alliance of northern Italian cities. In his bid to create a holy Roman Empire.
  • Jan 1, 1189

    The Third Crusade Reaches Middle East

    The Third Crusade Reaches Middle East
    French and German forces fall apart leading the English King Richard I to negotiate free access to Jerusalem for Christian pilgrims.
  • Jan 1, 1204

    Constantinope Sacked

    Constantinope Sacked
    The Fourth Crusade siezes an opportunity and attacks Constantinople instead of continuing to Jerusalem.
  • Jan 1, 1209

    Crusade in France

    Crusade in France
    Pope Innocent III appealed to the nobles of northern France to lead a military campaign against herotics in France.
  • Jan 1, 1212

    Muslims Pushed Out of Spain

    Muslims Pushed Out of Spain
    Alfonzo VII of Castille leads a Christian army to crush Muslim forces at Las Navas de Tolosa. The Muslims never really recover from this defeat.
  • Jan 1, 1215

    Magna Carta

    Magna Carta
    The "Great Charter" is signed by King John under pressure. This charter places limitations on government practices.
  • Jan 1, 1221

    The Fifth Crusade

    The Fifth Crusade
    The Fifth Crusade was defeated by the Muslim state of Egypt marking an end to papal leadership of the Crusades.
  • Jan 1, 1228

    The Sixth Crusade

    The Sixth Crusade
    German Emperor Fredrick II marches into Jerusalem after making an agreement with Egypt. He is crowned King of Jerusalem without a fight.
  • Jan 1, 1233

    Mongals Move West

    Mongals Move West
    Persia is conquered by the Mongals
  • Jan 1, 1258

    Abbasid Caliphate Falls

    Abbasid Caliphate Falls
    Mongals Conquer Baghdad.
  • Jan 1, 1259

    Henry III gives territory to France

    Henry III gives territory to France
    The English King retained only the dutchy of Gascony which made him a vassal over the French king. This causes disputes when the French king intervenes in Gascony.
  • Jan 1, 1273

    King Rudolf

    King Rudolf
    Major German princes select an insignificant noble Rudolf of Habsburg as the new king.
  • Jan 1, 1291

    End of Crusades

    End of Crusades
    Acre the last foothole of Crusaders surrendors to Muslim forces.
  • Jan 1, 1295

    Parliament

    Parliament
    Edward I invites two knights from every county and two residents in each city to meet with his council to consent to new taxes. This was the First Parliament.
  • Jan 1, 1302

    Estates-General

    Estates-General
    Phillip IV summons representatives of the church nobility and towns to meet with him forming the First French Parliament.
  • Jan 1, 1302

    Pope Boniface VIII Challenges Authority of Kings

    Pope Boniface VIII Challenges Authority of Kings
    The Pope sends several letters challenging the jurisdiction of the crown on matters of taxes and justice. The backlash starts a decline that lasts over a hundred years.
  • Jan 1, 1330

    Edward III Come to Power

    Edward III Come to Power
    Edward III becomes King of England and is denied the French crown dispite the fact that he is the rightful heir.
  • Jan 1, 1337

    Phillip VI Seizes Gascony

    Phillip VI Seizes Gascony
    Edward III refused to do homage to Philip VI causing the French king to seize the Dutchy. Edward responds by declaring war on Philip VI.
  • Jan 1, 1346

    Edward Invades Normandy

    Edward Invades Normandy
    Edward wins an initial victory allowing his son the Black Prince to begin destructive campaigns in France.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1347 to Jan 1, 1351

    The Black Death

    In 1347, The Black Death arrives in Europe and was carried to Sicily by merchants. In 1348, the Black Death moves through France and reaches Germany. In 1349, The Black Death spreads through Britain and Scandanovia. In 1351, the Black Death spreads through Eastern Europe and Russia. The Black Death does not end here, it keeps coming back every 50 to 100 years.
  • Jan 1, 1356

    France Defeated

    France Defeated
    The Black Prince degeats French King John II in battle ending the first phase of the hundred years war.
  • Jan 1, 1358

    Peasants Revolt in France

    Peasants Revolt in France
    French peasants attack nobles in a failed rebellion spured on by the Black death and costly wars with Britain.
  • Jan 1, 1381

    English Peasant Revolt

    English Peasant Revolt
    English peasants attack the government over a new tax. Richard II goes back on a deal he made with the rebel leaders and arrests most of the, however the tax is still eliminated.
  • Jan 1, 1396

    Peace Negotiated

    Peace Negotiated
    After 40 more years of minor battles, Britain, and France negotiate a truce.
  • Jan 1, 1415

    Battle of Agincolart

    Battle of Agincolart
    Henry V wins a decisive victory against the French and becomes recognized as the heir to the French throne.
  • Jan 1, 1429

    Liberation of Orleans

    Liberation of Orleans
    Joan of Arc a French peasant girl accompanies the French arnies in battle against the Enlgish liberating much of the country and allowing Charles VII to be crowned King of France.
  • Jan 1, 1431

    Witchcraft

    Witchcraft
    Joan of Arc is captured by the English and burned at the stake on charges of Witchcraft. She was 19 years old.
  • Jan 1, 1453

    France Victorious

    France Victorious
    France finishes reclaiming the country from England.