Latin America Independence process timeline

Timeline created by LozadaA9H
In History
  • CAUSES OF LATIN AMERICA INDEPENDENCE

    Economic - Social - Ideological - Influence of US independence and the French Revolution
  • THE LACK OF A KING, OCCASION OF AMERICAN BOARDS

    When proclaiming the Sovereign Boards, the South American Creoles held three theses: The rejection of Napoleon's claims to
    America, the loyalty to Ferdinand VII and, most importantly, the illegitimacy of both Joseph Bonaparte and the colonial authorities appointed by the Spanish king, who no longer had any power.
  • THE INDEPENDENCE IN LATIN AMERICA

    The independence of Latin America was the historical process of the rebellion of its inhabitants against Spanish colonial rule and the formation of independent national states.
  • FROM THE BOARDS TO THE WARS OF INDEPENDENCE

    The Spanish authorities fiercely repressed the first of the cities to form a Sovereign Junta. They tried to prevent the contagion. The viceroys of Lima and Bogota immediately sent troops with the order to besiege Quito and not allow "a grain of salt" to enter
  • ARGENTINA, PARAGUAY, AND URUGUAY

    The first Junta de Buenos Aires (25-051810) organized three military campaigns to subdue the Spanish forces in the interior, but they were not successful. However, a revolution spontaneously broke out in Asuncion (14-05-1811), and the resulting government-held independent. This is how the Republic of Paraguay was created.
  • INDEPENDENCE OF SOUTH AMERICA

    When Fernando VII returned to the throne in 1814, patriotic military campaigns subsisted in Venezuela and the Río de la Plata. In the first, Simón Bolívar -Member of the Caraqueña boards of 1811- was named new military leader.
  • BRAZIL: MONARCHICAL INDEPENDENCE

    When Napoleon invaded Portugal, Juan VI took refuge in Brazil (1807) and later promoted a legal reform (1815) by declaring Brazil as the territorial base of the "Empire of Brazil, Portugal, and the Algarve".
  • INDEPENDENCE OF CHILE

    San Martin was not discouraged and decided to continue with his plans, only now he first had to liberate Chile. For that he spent years
    making weapons, bullets and all kinds of equipment, and organizing
    the Army of the Andes
  • . PERU

    Together with O'Higgins, and with 200,000 pesos that he obtained from Buenos Aires, San Martín managed to buy a naval squadron to attack the Spaniards in Peru by sea.
  • NEW GRANADA AND VENEZUELA

    Morillo soon resumed control of Venezuela and New Granada. But, in 1817, Bolívar, Piar, Páez, and other Venezuelan leaders reactivated the war. Bolivar faced and defeated Morillo in Calabozo, in 1818.
  • CENTRAL AMERICA

    Guatemala with its provinces (Chiapas, Soconusco, El Salvador,
    Honduras, Nicaragua, Los Altos, and Costa Rica) declared its independence from the Spanish Crown (15-09-1821) and, shortly after, annexed Mexico to defend itself better from Spain.
  • INDEPENDENCE OF ECUADOR

    Let us remember how the independence of Guayaquil was proclaimed (9-10-1820), the arrival of the patriot army commanded by Antonio José de Sucre, and its triumph in Pichincha (24-05-1822), which culminated the independence of the Great Colombia.
  • SAN MARTIN AND BOLIVAR

    In their meetings in Guayaquil (26 and 27- 07-1822), Bolivar, liberator, and president of Gran Colombia, and San Martin, protector of Peru, talked about what was missing to complete the freedom of America: the defeat of the last realistic bastion in Peru.
  • END OF THE WAR OF INDEPENDENCE

    In 1823, Bolívar was authorized by the Congress of the Gran
    Colombia to take command of an expedition to Peru. In September of that year, he arrived in Lima and met with Sucre and the Peruvian leaders to plan the attack. Bolivar and Sucre defeated the Spanish army at the Battle of Junín.
  • MEXICAN INDEPENDENCE

    The priest Miguel Hidalgo was placed in front of the Indians and peasants and launched, as we saw, the "cry of independence" in the
    town of Dolores.
  • HAITI AND SANTO DOMINGO

    François Dominique Toussaint-Louverture took charge of a slave revolt on the French side of the island of Hispaniola and led it between 1793 and 1802. He faced Spanish, English, and French, until his capture, exile, and death in France
  • THE CASE OF PUERTO RICO

    On September 23, 1868, the scream of Lares, of independence against Spain, was produced. The rebellion is crushed in a short time. Puerto Rico continues within the Spanish system until the war between EE. UU and Spain.
  • INDEPENDENCE OF CUBA

    José Martí organizes the Cuban Revolutionary Party and looks for the old leaders of the revolution, unifies the different currents, builds a small army, and disembarks in Cuba.