Latin America Independence

Timeline created by Alvarado JoséEsteban 9A
In History
  • Haiti Independence

    Haiti Independence
    In 1804, declared the independence of Haiti. It was, thus, the
    second independent country in America, in this case, led by blacks.
  • THE INDEPENDENCE IN LATIN AMERICA

    THE INDEPENDENCE IN LATIN AMERICA
    It began with the proclamation of Sovereign
    Boards in 1809. Some of them - especially the first that of Quito.
  • THE LACK OF A KING, OCCASION OF AMERICAN BOARDS

    THE LACK OF A KING, OCCASION OF AMERICAN BOARDS
    Quito was to be the first in the history of
    Spanish America to proclaim, on August 10, 1809, a government of its own,
    not appointed by the Crown. Soon they would proclaim their meetings,
    immediately, throughout 1810, Caracas (19/04), Buenos Aires (25/05),
    Bogota (20/07), and Santiago de Chile (18/08).
  • Republic of Paraguay

    Republic of Paraguay
    The first Junta de Buenos Aires (25-05-1810) organized three military campaigns
    to subdue the Spanish forces in the interior, but they were not successful.
    However, a revolution spontaneously broke out in Asuncion (14-05-1811), and
    the resulting government-held independent. This is how the Republic of Paraguay
    was created.
  • FROM THE BOARDS TO THE WARS OF INDEPENDENCE

    FROM THE BOARDS TO THE WARS OF INDEPENDENCE
    On August 2, 1810, they murdered
    300 patriots and citizens, which shook entire America.
    In the beginning, the Juntas were not independent: they were called interim
    depositaries of the sovereignty until the legitimate king returned. But the reaction of the Spaniards led to
    the polarization of the positions
    and the creole elites multiplied,
    since 1811
  • INDEPENDENCE OF SOUTH AMERICA

    INDEPENDENCE OF SOUTH AMERICA
    Simón Bolívar -Member
    of the Caraqueña boards of
    1811- was named new military
    leader, and in 1813 he liberated Mérida and Caracas in the so-called
    Admirable Campaign, cities that gave him the title of "Liberator"
  • BRAZIL: MONARCHICAL INDEPENDENCE

    BRAZIL: MONARCHICAL INDEPENDENCE
    When Napoleon invaded Portugal, Juan VI took refuge in Brazil (1807) and
    later promoted a legal reform (1815) by declaring Brazil as the territorial base
    of the "Empire of Brazil.
  • NEW GRANADA AND VENEZUELA

    NEW GRANADA AND VENEZUELA
    Morillo soon resumed control of Venezuela and New Granada. But, in 1817,
    Bolívar, Piar, Páez, and other Venezuelan leaders reactivated the war. Bolivar
    faced and defeated Morillo in Calabozo, in 1818.
  • INDEPENDENCE OF CHILE

    INDEPENDENCE OF CHILE
    The
    crossing was epic, but, as they had
    planned, the six columns met less
    than a month later in the Aconcagua Valley and although it suffered a serious
    defeat in Cancha Rayada (19-03-1818), it triumphed in the decisive battle
    of Maipú (5-04-1818), assuring the independence of Chile.
  • Guetemala Independence

    Guetemala Independence
    Guatemala with its provinces (Chiapas, Soconusco, El Salvador,
    Honduras, Nicaragua, Los Altos, and Costa Rica) declared its independence
    from the Spanish Crown (15-09-1821)
  • INDEPENDENCE OF PERU

    INDEPENDENCE OF PERU
    San Martin declared
    independence (28-07-1821) and was appointed Protector of Peru with full civil
    and military authority.
  • Ecuador Independence

    Ecuador Independence
    Antonio José de Sucre, and its triumph in
    Pichincha (24-05-1822), which culminated
    the independence of the Great Colombia.
    Let us remember, also, that Bolivar defeated
    the royalist pastures in the battle of
    Bomboná, and entered triumphant Quito (16-06-1822)
  • San Martin and BOLIVAR

    San Martin and BOLIVAR
    In their meetings in Guayaquil (26 and 27- 07-1822), Bolivar, liberator, and
    president of Gran Colombia, and San Martin, protector of Peru, talked about what
    was missing to complete the freedom of America
  • END OF THE WAR OF INDEPENDENCE

    END OF THE WAR OF INDEPENDENCE
    Bolivar and Sucre defeated the Spanish army at the Battle
    of Junín (6-08-1824).
    Four months later, while Bolivar had gone to Lima to raise more money and
    receive a new contingent of troops, Sucre was forced to give battle and destroyed
    the last bastion of the Spanish army at the battle of Ayacucho (9-12-1824) ,
    which put an end to Spanish rule in South America.
  • INDEPENDENCE OF URUGUAY

    INDEPENDENCE OF URUGUAY
    La República Oriental del Uruguay, harta de sus desengaños con el centralismo de Buenos Aires, y después de la Guerra con Brasil (1825-1828),
    establecerse como entidad independiente en 1828.
  • Mexican Independence

    Mexican Independence
    Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna was proclaimed
    president of the Republic in 1833 Spain only recognized Mexican
    independence in 1839.
  • Dominican Republic Independence

    Dominican Republic Independence
    In 1822, Haitian troops subdued the eastern part of the island of Hispaniola,
    which would regain its independence from Haiti in 1844. But what will be
    called the Dominican Republic will not achieve independence from Spain
    until 1865, after a war that left the country devastated.
  • THE CASE OF PUERTO RICO

    THE CASE OF PUERTO RICO
    On September 23, 1868, the scream of Lares, of independence against
    Spain, was produced. The rebellion is crushed in a short time. Puerto Rico
    continues within the Spanish system until the war between EE. UU and
    Spain.
  • Cuba Independence

    Cuba Independence
    The intervention of EE. UU precipitated the Spanish
    defeat and Cuba proclaimed its independence in 1899, although it suffered
    the American occupation.
  • Republic of Panamá

    Republic of Panamá
    Panama belonged to the Viceroyalty of New Granada and, therefore became independent along with Colombia. Of this one separated in 1904,
    by the direct action of EE. UU, to control the Panama Canal promoted the
    formation of a separate republic.