Independence Processes

Timeline created by MOROCHORONNY9B
In History
  • THE INDEPENDENCE IN LATIN AMERICA

    THE INDEPENDENCE IN LATIN AMERICA
    It began with the proclamation of Sovereign
    Boards in 1809. Some of them - especially the first that of Quito - were
    repressed by fire and blood by the Spanish authorities. The process
    continued until it became a true continental war.
  • CAUSES OF LATIN AMERICA INDEPENDENCE

    Economic
    Social
    Ideological
    Influence
  • ARGENTINA, PARAGUAY, AND URUGUAY

    ARGENTINA, PARAGUAY, AND URUGUAY
    The first Junta de Buenos Aires (25-051810) organized three military campaigns
    to subdue the Spanish forces in the interior, but they were not successful.
    However, a revolution spontaneously broke out in Asuncion (14-05-1811), and
    the resulting government-held independent. This is how the Republic of Paraguay
    was created.
  • MEXICAN INDEPENDENCE

    MEXICAN INDEPENDENCE
    The priest Miguel Hidalgo was placed in front of the Indians and peasants and launched, as we saw, the "cry of
    independence" in the town of Dolores.
    Throughout three years, it obtained triumphs with
    its army and occupied several cities of Mexico, but was defeated in
    Guadalajara and executed by the realistic authorities in 1811.
  • INDEPENDENCE OF SOUTH AMERICA

    INDEPENDENCE OF SOUTH AMERICA
    In the first, Simón Bolívar -Member of the Caraqueña boards of 1811- was named new military
    leader, and in 1813 he liberated Mérida and Caracas in the so-called
    Admirable Campaign, cities that gave him the title of "Liberator", united forever to his first name.
  • BRAZIL : MONARCHICAL INDEPENDENCE

    When Napoleon invaded Portugal, Juan VI took refuge in Brazil (1807) and later promoted a legal reform (1815) by declaring Brazil as the territorial base of the "Empire of Brazil, Portugal, and the Algarve".
    Thus, Rio de Janeiro
    becomes the seat of an absolute monarchy as well as those of Europe,
  • NEW GRANADA AND VENEZUELA

    Morillo soon resumed control of Venezuela and New Granada. But, in 1817,
    Bolívar, Piar, Páez, and other Venezuelan leaders reactivated the war. Bolivar
    faced and defeated Morillo in Calabozo, in 1818. However, later, Morillo
    counterattacked and defeated Bolivar in the valley of Aragua.
  • INDEPENDENCE OF CHILE

    INDEPENDENCE OF CHILE
    San Martin was not discouraged and
    decided to continue with his plans,
    only now he first had to liberate
    Chile. For that he spent years
    making weapons, bullets and all
    kinds of equipment, and organizing
    the Army of the Andes. The
    crossing was epic, but, as they had
    planned, the six columns met less
    than a month later in the Aconcagua Valley and although it suffered a serious
    defeat in Cancha Rayada,it triumphed in the decisive battle
    of Maipú assuring the independence of Chile.
  • PERÚ

    PERÚ
    Together with O'Higgins, and with
    200,000 pesos that he obtained from
    Buenos Aires, San Martín managed to
    buy a naval squadron to attack the
    Spaniards in Peru by sea. San Martin
    sailed from Valparaíso (20-08-1820)
    with a fleet of eight warships and 16
    transport ships, and 4,500 men from
    the armies of the Andes and Chile.
  • SAN MARTIN AND BOLIVAR

    In their meetings in Guayaquil (26 and 27- 07-1822), Bolivar, liberator, and president of Gran Colombia, and San Martin, protector of Peru, talked about what
    was missing to complete the freedom of America: the defeat of the last realistic
    bastion in Peru. Surprisingly, San Martin gave Bolivar the initiative of the war
    completely.
  • INDEPENDENCE OF ECUADOR

    INDEPENDENCE OF ECUADOR
    Let us remember how the independence of
    Guayaquil was proclaimed (9-10-1820), the
    arrival of the patriot army commanded by
    Antonio José de Sucre, and its triumph in
    Pichincha (24-05-1822), which culminated
    the independence of the Great Colombia.
  • END OF THE WAR OF INDEPENDENCE

    END OF THE WAR OF INDEPENDENCE
    In 1823, Bolívar was authorized
    by the Congress of the Gran
    Colombia to take command of
    an expedition to Peru. In
    September of that year, he
    arrived in Lima and met with
    Sucre and the Peruvian leaders
    to plan the attack. Bolivar and Sucre defeated the Spanish army at the Battle
    of Junín (6-08-1824).
  • THE CASE OF PUERTO RICO

    The rebellion is crushed in a short time. Puerto Rico
    continues within the Spanish system until the war between EE. UU and
    Spain. After the defeat of this, the island of Puerto Rico happens to be
    administered by EE. UU and is currently an associated free state of that
    country.
  • INDEPENDENCE OF CUBA

    INDEPENDENCE OF CUBA
    José Martí organizes the Cuban Revolutionary Party and looks for the old leaders of the revolution, unifies the different currents, builds a small army, and disembarks in
    Cuba. Martí dies in one of the combat actions
    (1895), but the revolutionary army continues to fight.