Augustus Caesar was the first roman emperor he improved roads, bridges, and aquaduct. Flourished art and literature.
Marcus Aurelius was the last of five good emperors.Unified Roman Empire economically,chose son Commodus to follow as emperor.
Civil war broke out between the empire. He saw a cross appeared and "Under this sign you will conquer" above it.He believed the symbol came from the Christian God, he vowed to become Chrisian.
Invasion and Collapse
After Constantine died invaders attacked empire, Germanic tribes (Romans called them barbarians). 400's C.E. could not hold off invaders.410 C.E. visigoths captured and looted Rome.455 C.E. vandals left Rome powerless.476 C.E. Ostrogoths led final collapse.
Justinians code preserved Rome's 12 Tables.He ruled as an autocrat,single ruler.Wanted to give up but wife Theodora told him to stand strong, so he killed 30,000 people.
Commodus loved being emperor, only for all the wrong reasons.He spent money on parties not military, only lasted twelve years.Commodus began the decline of the Roman Empire.
The Empire Crumbles
Began under Commodus.many problems led to the fall of Rome;weak rulers,mercenary army,size of empire and serious economic problems.
He was named co-emeror,Maximian. Diocletian doubled the size of the army, he divided empire in two Western and Eastern.He ruled wealthier,eastern half while Maximian ruled western