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Felipe II

  • May 21, 1527

    Birth of Philip II

    Birth of Philip II
    Felipe II was the eldest son of Carlos I and Isabel of Portugal. He was born in Valladolid.
  • May 10, 1529

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    Felipe is named heir to the crown of Castile
  • 1539

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    death of Isabel of Portugal, his mother
  • 1543

    First marriage

    First marriage
    He married for the first time with his cousin, Infanta Maria Manuela of Portugal. They had a son, Carlos of Austria future Prince of Asturias.
  • Period: 1547 to 1559

    Henry II's alliance with the Protestant princes

    They joined to fight the Habsburgs but persecute the French Huguenots
  • 1554

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    After becoming a widow, he decides to marry María I of England who was the queen of that country.
  • 1556

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    The Duke of Alba invades the Pontificios states. The Pontificios States are under Spanish influence.
  • 1556

    Charles V abdicates and Philip keeps his empire

    When his father abdicated he took over the empire composed of Castile, Aragon, Catalonia, Navarre, Valencia, Roussillon, Franco-Comté, the Netherlands, Sicily, Sardinia, Milan, Naples, Oran, Tunisia, Portugal and its Afro-Asian empire, all of America discovered and the Philippines.
  • Period: 1556 to

    Reign of Felipe II

  • Period: 1556 to 1559

    Spanish–French War

    Victory of spain and its allies in San Quintín
  • 1557

    First real bankruptcy

    After the wars debts were kept so that the Royal Treasury could not pay them and there were bankruptcies.
  • 1557

    Battle of San Quintín

    The Battle of San Quintín was a battle in the Italian Wars between the troops of the Spanish Empire and the French army. After the Kingdom of Naples was invaded in 1556 by the French troops of the Duke of Guise, Felipe II ordered the imperial troops in the Spanish Netherlands to invade France.
  • 1559

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    When he became a widow for the second time, he married with Isabel of Valois.
  • 1561

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    The capital of the monarchy is moved to Madrid.
    Also, the work of El Escorial begins.
  • Period: 1562 to

    Wars against the Huguenots

    Spain supports the Guise and England supports the Huguenots.
    The leaders of both parties are killed.
  • 1563

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    To celebrate the victory of San Quintín, the monastery of San Lorenzo de El Escorial was built near Madrid. It became a royal residence. It finished its construction in 1584.
  • 1567

    The revolt of the Moors in Alpujarras

    The revolt of the Moors in Alpujarras
    The abundant Moorish population of the Kingdom of Granada took up arms in protest against the Pragmatic Sanction of 1567, which limited their cultural freedoms.
  • 1570

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    When he becomes a widow for the third time, he marries with his niece Archduchess Ana of Austria. They had four sons and a daughter. Fernando, Prince of Asturias, although he died at the age of six. Carlos Lorenzo, who died at the age of two. Diego Félix, who died at the age of seven but was the heir of Asturias. Felipe III, the only one who reached adulthood. He was the heir to almost all titles. Maria, the only girl who also died at the age of three.
  • 1570

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    Turkish aggressions on the Mediterranean is the reason for the creation of the Holy League between the Papacy, Spain and Venice.
  • 1571

    Battle of Lepanto

    Battle of Lepanto
    The Battle of Lepanto was a naval battle that took place near the Greek city of Nafpaktos. They confronted the army of the Ottoman Empire against that of the Catholic coalition, the Holy League.
  • 1576

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    The sack of Antwerp, known as the Spanish Fury in the Netherlands, Belgium and the United Kingdom, was a rebellion by Spanish mercenaries loyal to the Crown.
  • 1581

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    After the death of the king of Portugal without descendants, Felipe claimed the throne as the son of Isabella of Portugal. Although there was resistance, Felipe's troops pressed for the Cortes de Tomar to accept him as king. .
  • Period: to

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    Felipe II claims the French throne for his daughter Isabella Clara Eugenie.
  • The Invincible Navy

    The Invincible Navy
    Armada Invincible is a term of English origin to refer to the Great Navy that followed Philip II to dethrone Elizabeth I and invade England.
  • Revolt in Aragon

    Revolt in Aragon
    At the request of the inquisitors and by order of the Justice, Antonio Pérez was transferred to the prison that the Inquisition had in the Aljafería. After this his followers attacked and killed the Marquis of Almenara, representative of the king.
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    The import of gold and silver from the Indies reaches its highest point.
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    Felipe died in El Escorial, for cancer