Carthage

Timeline created by ralphbarton
  • -814 BCE

    Carthage founded by Tyre

    Carthage founded by Tyre
    according to Timaeus (350-260 BCE)
  • -509 BCE

    First treaty with Rome

    The treaty stated that there "shall be friendship between the Romans and their allies, and the Carthaginians and their allies" on the conditions listed below.
  • -480 BCE

    The Battle of Himera

    The Battle of Himera
    The Battle of Himera saw the Greek forces of Gelon, King of Syracuse, and Theron, tyrant of Agrigentum, defeat the Carthaginian force of Hamilcar the Magonid, ending a Carthaginian bid to restore the deposed tyrant of Himera. Scholars also agree that the battle led to the crippling of Carthage's power in Sicily for many decades. It was one of the most important battles of the Sicilian Wars.
  • Period:
    -480 BCE
    to
    -276 BCE

    The Sicilian Wars

    The Greeks, like the Phoenicians, were expert sailors who had established thriving colonies throughout the Mediterranean. These two rivals fought their wars on the island of Sicily, which lay close to Carthage. From their earliest days, both the Greeks and Phoenicians had been attracted to the large island, establishing a large number of colonies and trading posts along its coasts. Small battles had been fought between these settlements for centuries.
  • Period:
    -323 BCE
    to
    -30 BCE

    Hellenistic Period

    The city of Carthage at its largest extent. By the end of the fourth century, about 200, 000 people were living there—an extraordinary number for cities in the ancient world.
  • -279 BCE

    Last treaty with Rome

  • -264 BCE

    The First Punic War

    The First Punic War
    As consequence of War, Sicily and Sardinia fall into Roman hands.
  • -218 BCE

    Hannibal besieges Saguntum

    Hannibal besieges Saguntum
    Hannibal Barca precipitates war against Rome when he besieges Saguntum in Spain. He escapes the Roman army sent to stop him, marches across the Alps in the winter, and defeat three consular armies in 218, 217 and 216 BCE.
  • -218 BCE

    The Second Punic War

    The Second Punic War
    For 17 years the two states struggled for supremacy, primarily in Italy and Iberia, but also on the islands of Sicily and Sardinia and, towards the end of the war, in North Africa. After immense material and human losses on both sides the Carthaginians were defeated.
  • -216 BCE

    The Battle of Cannae

    The Battle of Cannae
    The Carthaginians and their allies, led by Hannibal, surrounded and practically annihilated a larger Roman and Italian army under the consuls Lucius Aemilius Paullus and Gaius Terentius Varro
  • -202 BCE

    The Battle of Zama

    The Battle of Zama
    The Battle of Zama was fought in 202 BC near Zama, now in Tunisia, and marked the end of the Second Punic War. A Roman army led by Publius Cornelius Scipio, with crucial support from Numidian leader Masinissa, defeated the Carthaginian army led by Hannibal.
  • -146 BCE

    The Siege of Carthage

    The Siege of Carthage
    In the spring of 146 BC the Romans launched their final assault and over seven days systematically destroyed the city and killed its inhabitants; only on the last day did they take prisoners – 50,000, who were sold into slavery. The formerly Carthaginian territories became the Roman province of Africa with Utica as its capital. It was a century before the site of Carthage was rebuilt as a Roman city.